NOTES AND QUERIES. [iis. XL FEB. 20.1915.
sole importation from Scottish legal jargon. It seems now to be more commonly used by writers than the correct forms of the word, but I do not think the people generally accept it, unless it be in Edinburgh, where the Law Courts and R. L. S. have much influence with middle -class people. Burns, Scott, Carlyle, and other earlier writers of mark did not fall into this affectation ; though in Scott's case such a lapse would have been excusable.
E. RlMBAULT DlBDIN.
64, Huskisson Street, Liverpool. [C. C. B. and MB. WAINEWRIGHT also thanked for replies.]
A SCARBOROUGH WARNING (11 S. xi. 46, 95j ^5). The late Vincent Stuckey Lean in his ' Collectanea,' 1902, vol. i. p. 226, gives the following :
A Scarbro' warning, i.e. none at all John Heiwood or Hey wood, ' A Dialogue containing in
Effect the Provorbcs of the English Tongue,'
Cf. A Skairsburn warning (Kirkcudbright) in Scotland (Rivers). (Not till danger knock at the door, as it once happened there from the French. James Ho well, ' Paroimiologia,' 1659.)
Such proverbial speeches as Totness (sic) is turned French, for a strange alteration, Skarborow warning for a sodaine commandment, allowing no respect or delay to bethink a man of his business. Puttcnham, ' Art of English Poesie,' iii. xviii. .
A word and a blow, like a Scarborough warning. Murray, who refers to the capture of the castle by surprise by Stafford in Wyatt's rebellion, 1553.* Said also to have been spoken by Mountain of his capture at Cambridge Castle in 1514. See Strype's ' Memorials of Queen Mary,' 1551.
One explanation is that it was the custom to fire without warning upon vessels passing Scar- borough Castle which did not strike their sails. Corlass, p. 6.
Al they the lyko poast haste did make with Scarboro' scrabbling. Stanihurst, '^Eneid,' iv. 621. See also Chambers' 'Book of Days,' January 19 ; ' Diary of Adela Pryme,' p. 126.
One miy consult Nares's ' Glossary,' a new edition with additions by Halliwell and ^yright, 1872, where the following quota- tions are given :
They tooke them to a fort, with such small treasure As in so Scarborow warning they had leasure.
Harrington's ' Ariosto,' xxxiv. 22.
This term, Scarborow warning, grew (some say) By hasty hanging, for rank robbry theare.
Who that was met, but suspect in that way, Streight he was trust up, whatever he weare. J. Heywood, ' Harl. Misc.,' x. 258, ed. Park.
- I give the conjunction of Stafford and Wyatt
and "the date 1553 as they appear in the book quoted.
Among the additional examples inserted by Halliwell and Wright are extracts from, two letters dated respectively 1603 and 1616, in which " Scarborough warning " means a message or warning sudden and unexpected.
W. Carew Hazlitt in his ' English Pro- verbs,' 1907, p. 36, refers to Tusser's 'Hus- bandry,' ed. 1604, sign. B ii. The reference is in my copy of Tusser, ed. 1672, p. 16, or chap. 10 quatrain 28. : Be surety seldom (but never for much)
for fear of purse penniless hanging by such : Or Scarborow warning, as ill I believe,
when Sir (I arrest ye) gets hold of your sleeve.
CLERICAL DIRECTORIES (11 S. xi. 109). The British Museum Catalogue gives the following information, but the dates do not necessarily mean first issues. The remarks in brackets are obtained from else- where :
(2) ' The Clergy List,' Cox, 1841.
(3) ' The Clerical Directory,' 1858, was con- tinued as Crockford's ' Clerical Directory * in 1860.
(4) Bosworth's c Clerical Directory,' 1886-8. No more published. [Kelly published a directory entitled ' Clergy List, with Clerical Guide and Ecclesiastical Directory,' in 1890, and it is still in progress.]
(5) J. S. Phillips's ' Clergy Directory and Parish Guide,' 1891, is still in progress. [There was a book with this title published by Bosworth in. July and November, 1872.]
' The Clerical Register : issued from the Registry of Curates and Curacies,' was issued 1 Dec., 1862, and ceased 1 Aug., 1866.
' A Clerical Guide ; or, Ecclesiastical Directory/ issued by Rivington at 22s., is mentioned in the ' London Catalogue of Books ' (1800-27), but no date is given, though The Gentleman's Magazine for 1817 announces it as preparing for publica- tion.
ARCHIBALD SPARKE, F.R.S.L*
(4) T. Bosworth's ' Clerical Guide ' (not ' Directory ' ) was started about ten years later than the date given in J. C. H.'s query 1885 or 1886.
(5) r ' The Clergy Directory.' May I in- form J. C. H. that this book (quoted by him as Phillips's) was first issued in 1872, and has appeared annually since ?
J. S. PHILLIPS. 99, Shoe Lane, E.G.
I have ' The Clerical Guide ' for 1817 and 1822 ; and ' The Clergy List,' 1841, published by C. Cox, the Advertisement of which concludes by stating : " The work will be- published annually in the beginning of each year." W. J. GADSDEN,