Page:Notes and Queries - Series 11 - Volume 11.djvu/189

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11 S. XL FEB. 27, 1915.] NOTES AND QUERIES.

fairly complete sketch of their remarkable dialect. In giving this he states that the Drindaris' chief centre is the town of Kotel, in the Eastern Balkans, and more particularly the village of Zeravna, whence they wander far and wide in the summer months. We are glad to have Mr. Gilliat-Smith's promise of a general description of the gipsy tribes to be met with in North-East Bulgaria.

Mr. Alexander Russell supplies a translation from the Arabic of Father Anastas's ' The Nawar ; or, the Gypsies of the East,' and acknowledges the assistance given to him by Prof. Stewart Macalister. These people are scattered over every land, but the description of them is not inviting " a tribe of swindling rogues, lewd adventurers, wicked nomads, heedless ruffians, to whom home- land and rest are unknown. They are a people having a language belonging exclusively to them- selves ; they have no religion, and are notorious for their evil habits, and the gaining of their living by their well-known arts, or by vicious tricks which do not impose upon them hardship or fatigue." The learned entertain different opinions as to their original source, but Father Anastas holds the view that the Nawar are a mixture of Indians, Persians, Kurds, Turks, and Tatars, "to whom there are joined some of the rabble and refuse of those countries." The article is to be continued.

Flaxman, Blake, Coleridge, and other Men of Genius influenced by Swedenborg, together with Flaxman's Allegory of the Knight of the Blazing Cross. By H. N. Morris. (The New-Church Press, 2s. 6d.) THE " other men of genius " are Hiram Powers (the sculptor of ' The Greek Slave '), Henry Septimus Sutton see also ' N. & Q.,' 9 S. vii. 345, 511, ' Patmore and Swedenborg ' Ralph Waldo Emer- son, James John Garth Wilkinson, and the Brown- ings. Of the eight (or rather nine) thus selected, four, viz., Flaxman, Powers, Sutton, and Wilkin- son, were avowed receivers of the seer's doctrines ; while for the others it is claimed that in their work they acknowledge or exhibit his influence, but less thoroughly. In each case the thesis of the title- page is supported by citations of opinion and state- ments of fact. The book is well printed, and is illustrated by good reproductions of portraits and other appropriate subjects. Quite the most important of these is the series of forty outline drawings accompanying Flaxman's allegory ' The Knight of the Blazing Cross,' which are here for the first time reproduced, " just half the size of the originals," and occupying twenty-four pages. They were exhibited at Burlington House in 1881, and are now published by the kindly permission of the Director of the Fitzwilliam Museum at Cambridge, for which institution they were pur- chased in 1883. Upon the title-page of the original is an inscription by Maria Denman, Mrs. Flaxman's sister and adopted daughter see 'N. &Q.,' 9 S.iv. 399, 502 ; v. 52, headed ' Flaxman.s Wife.' This is the Miss Denman (1779-c. 1861) who was the chief donor of the Flaxman Gallery in University College, Gpwer Street. William Blake's poem ' The Divine Image ' is said to have been composed in the New Jerusalem Church (Cross Street), Hatton Garden, a neighbourhood which Mr. Morris, when stating this fact, and in three other places, miscalls Hatton Gardens. This old building, which is also noteworthy as the scene of Edward Irving's early preaching, still stands.

Upwards of forty years ago it was converted^ into a warehouse for chemicals, which, becoming- involved last year in a neighbouring fire, has had to be largely rebuilt, and has in the process almost completely lost its identity as the place of" worship erected for the New Jerusalem Church by Robert Hindmarsh and his associates in 1797. Mr. Morris's book, which, we learn from his Preface,, originally appeared as chapters in The New- Church Young People's Magazine, might nevertheless be read with advantage by any student of the " Men of Genius" here grouped together on the basis o their common interest in Swedenborg.

Albrecht Ritschl and his School. By Robert Mackintosh. (Chapman & Hall, 7s. Qd. net. )

THIS work belongs to a series entitled " The Great. Christian Theologies." It is a serried, and by that, fact, here and there, a somewhat confusing,, account of one of the most significant and deeply interesting developments of Protestant theology. Ritschl, as was indeed to be expected from his circumstances, is most worth attention when deal- ing with the relation of Christianity on the one- hand to philosophy and theology, on the other to- history. He is least profitable in those of his; doctrines which are connected with the direct application of Christianity to ordinary humam life, especially when this is considered from the point of view of its diversity. Nor does he always- show the quickness one might have expected in realizing the remoter implications of his state- ments. None the less, his place in Christian^ thought is an important one, not only as furnish- ing a corrective elucidation of work done before- his as that of Baur and as the Hegelian idealism- but as making a personal and positive contribu- tion even more valuable. These are matters with- which ' N. & Q.' does not deal ; but it is not beyond our province to notice with pleasure the- appearance of a book which should give students^ and the general reader who is interested in theo- logy a good working knowledge of the position of Ritschl. Dr. Mackintosh writes with a lively appreciation alike of the weaknesses and the strong points of Ritschl's teaching, to which, however ,. we notice, he allows the name Ritschlianism,- implying thereby a fuller agreement with Ritschl's admirers as to the separate and special standing- of his theory than we should be inclined to follow him in. One of the results of the animation of German controversy is to give to the several schools of criticism and theology something of the appearance of sects, but the speculations of Ritschl can hardly be said to possess that value.

Fleetwood Family Records. Collected and edited" by R. W. Buss. Part III. (Privately printed f 4s.)

THIS part contains eight items, of which those of greatest general interest are the biography of Charles Fleetwood, holder of the Drury Lane Theatre Patent, and the royal descent in the female line, from Edward I. of Fleetwood of Calwich and Penwortham. This latter goes through Bohun, Fitzalan, and Stanley to Joan Langton, daughter of Elizabeth Stanley and Sir Thomas Langton, and wife of John Fleetwood of Penwortham. The above-mentioned Charles Fleetwood was an engaging rogue, who started life with all the advantages that a handsome person and a large fortune can ensure, and