NOTES AND QUERIES. [ii s. XL JAN. IG, 1915.
THOMAS BBADBUBY, LORD MAYOR (US. x. 490). This Mayor does not appear to have been knighted, but his widow, perhaps from her wealth and position, is always entitled "Dame." In his will (P.C.C., 26 Ben- nett), dated 9 Jan., 1509/10 (1 Henry VIII.), he is styled Mayor. He desired to be buried in the Chapel of Our Lady in St. Stephen's, Coleman Street, and ordered trentals of Masses to be said for him. The Vicar was to have 205. He names his brother-in-law, John Josselyn,and his wife, testator's sister ; his brothers (i.e., his wife's brothers) Henry and Thomas Leche, and his sister Illesley and her daughter. His wife, Joan, was sole residuary legatee and one of the executors. He mentions that he was born at Brawkhyng (Braughing, Herts), and that his grandmother was buried at Stansted Monfitchet. A second will refers to his lands, and names Humphrey Tyrell, son of William Tyrell, and Elizabeth his wife, daughter of testator's wife ; his cousin William Bradbury ; John Leche ; and Denise Bodley, another daughter of his wife. The will was proved 27 Feb., 1509/10, by Joan, the widow.
According to the pedigrees, Joan was a daughter and coheir of Denis Leech (father) of Wellingborough ; she married ( 1 ) Thomis Bodley, and (2) the above Thomas Bradbury. By her first husband she had several children, including the Elizabeth and Denise named above ; the latter marrying Nicholas Leveson, of a Staffordshire family, was ancestor of the Dukes of Sutherland. Dame Johane Brad- bury's will (P.C.C., 17 Jankyn) is dated 2 March, 1529/30 (21 Henry VIII.). De- scribing herself as of London, widow of Thomas Bradbury, late Mayor, she desired to be buried with him in the Chapel of Our Lady in St. Stephen's, Masses being said for her soul by the five orders of friars, and other offices being done. She left 20s. to the Vicar of St. Stephen's, and 41. to those confined in the seven prisons of London. Other bequests in her long will were made to the sisters of Elsing Spittell ; to my Lady Beede ; my cousin Sir William Botiler and his wife ; to the Bishop of St. Asse (40s.) ; to my son-in-law Nicholas Leveson and Denise his wife, my daughter (lease of house at Strat- ford) ; to Guy Graff ord and Joan his wife and their children (including Mary, a daughter);
to Bradbury, son and heir of William
Bradbury (20/. for his exhibition and learn- ing). She names her mother's chamberer, Mrs. Boper, Barolles widow, the " scolemaister teaching gramer in Walden " (a black cloth gown), various churches (including Black Notley, 20.), servants, and the poor. A
second will of the same date gives directions- concerning her lands. The manors of Black Notley, White Notley, and Staunton (all- near Braintree), which she had purchased from John Fortescue and Philippa his wife,, were left to Nicholas Leveson and Demise and their issue ; with remainders to Hum- phrey (?) Tyrell, son and heir of Elizabeth her daughter ; Guy Crafford and Joan his wife, daughter of her son James Bodley, and issue ; John Bodley, son of James Bodley ; Elizabeth Tyrell, daughter of William Tyrell. Dame Joan was sister and heir of John Leche, clerk, late Vicar of Cheping Walden, and settled a rent of 12Z. from Willingale Spayn upon the Guild of the Holy Trinity in his church. The will was proved 26 April, 1530. The inquisition taken after her death gives a full account of her estates,. and says that she died 11 March, 1529/30, in the parish of St. Stephen, Coleman Street (Chancery Inq. P.M., Series II., vol. li.,. No. 21). * J. B.
TURTLE AND THUNDER (11 S. ix. 268,. 335; x. 217). In further reply to MR. KUMAGUSU MINAKATA and PROF. BENSLY, I am happy to have found in The' Scottish Review, vol. xxxvii. pt. Ixxv. p. 440, an explanation :
" Flint or stone symbolises thunder. The- Central American Tohil (the Kiches' Prometheus) is represented by a flint, fallen from heaven, and producing a cloud-compelling god. Some Algon- quin Indians have a flint-bodied god, of the Bacchus type. The god Tawiscara has petrified blood. The Mexican water-goddesses and the Coptic Hathor, of the sky, are ladies of tur- quoise. The Pergamus black stone was bought by the Romans of the Second Punic War, to bring them luck. Kronos ate a stone, thinking it was Zeus. Peasants, Scots, and others regard elf -arrows as thunderbolts."
So, in Anglesey, Llyn Cors Cerrig y Daran. means " Lake of the Thunder Stones' Marsh," and evidently bears in its name reminiscences of flint, stone, and meteorite, such as that of Pergamus or of the Caaba in> Mecca. The tortoise is, in Persian, the " stone -back," sang -push. This equation, then, of turquoise and tortoise, of stone and flint, all in connexion with thunder, which r like the wind of Tannhauser, " rocks them all together," may, I hope, interest MR. K. MINAKATA. H. H. JOHNSON.
WILLIAM THOMPSON, D. 1775 (US. xi. 8). William Thompson, of St. Catherine's-by- the-Tower, was married at St. Benet, Paul's- Wharf, 10 June, 1742, to Martha Harvey, spinster. Their son William was baptized at St. Catherine's, 29 May, 1743, then