12S. X. MAR. 4,1922.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 161 LONDON, MARCH 4. 1922. CONTENTS. No. 203. NOTES : Josuah Sylvester and Southampton, 161 Casanova in England, 163 Principal London Coffee-houses. Taverns and Inns in the Eighteenth Century. 164 The Crown Inn, Shipton-under-Wychwood. Oxon Early Domestic Use of Electric Light John KendaE, 166 Emerson and Dr. John- son St. Dunstan'a, Regents Park, 167. QUERIES : Temporary Fords : " Sand " " Sowmoys." 167 The " Hand and Pen " Nicholas Billiard " The ball and mouth " " The Parler within the Manor Place" " Self- Help " Addi son's ' Spectator ' Henry Siddons Francis Redfern Refusal to kotow Cadby. 168 Nigger Minstrelsy ' The Marrying Man ' Col. Gordon, RE., in the Crimea " Eucephus " as a Christian Name W. G. A. Fltzbarding Descendants of Richard Penderell Historical Copper-plates The Expression " Up to," 169 Colonel Montresor of Belmont. Co. Kent Use of " at " or " in " with Place- names' The Compleat Collier 'Devonshire MSS. Bretel Epitaph in Tetbury Church. Glos. 1.000 in 1653 : Present-day Equivalent Author wanted. 170. REPLIES : De Kempelen's Automaton Chess-player, 170 The English " h " : Celtic. Latin, and German Influences Erghum, 172 Inference as to Date of Birth General Nicholson's Birthplace Pseudo-titles for " Dummy " Books, 173 " Anglica [or Rustical gens " " Satan reproving Sin" House Bells, 174 The Pillow (Pilau) Club Com- monwealth Marriages and Burials Edward Capern The Royal Society and Freemasonry Pictures in the Hermitage at Petrograd. 175 Eighteenth- century Poets. 176 ' The Ingoldsby Legends.' 177 Naming of Public Rooms in Inns Nevin Family British Settlers in America Poem of the Sixties wanted. 178. NOTES ON BOOKS : ' Alumni Cantabrigienses ' ' Measure for Measure.' Notices to Correspondents. JOSUAH SYLVESTER AND SOUTHAMPTON. THE poet Josuah Sylvester (1563-1618), translator of Du Bartas's 'Deuine Wc-ekes and Workes,' and towards the end of his life one of the most popular poets of the day, was the son of Robert Sylvester, a clothier, who had married a daughter of John Plumbe of Eltham, in Kent. After the death of both his parents in his early childhood, Josuah was brought up by his mother's brother, William Plumbe, who also lived at Eltham. He was sent to the Free Grammar School of King Edward VI. at Southampton, of which the headmaster was at that time the distinguished scholar Adrian a Saravia, afterwards Prebendary of Canterbury and Westminster, and one of the translators of the authorized version of the Bible. Two references to his school- days under Saravia occur in Sylvester's works, one in the ' Funerall Elegie ' on the death of Mistress Margarite Hill (wife of Dr. Robert Hill and previously wife of Saravia), and the other in the later dedica- tion (to the Earl of Southampton) of the ' Memorials of Mortalitie.' Most of these facts are stated in the ' D.N.B.,' and also in Dr. Grosart's in- troductory memoir prefixed to his col- lected edition of Sylvester's works. They suggest a question to which they supply no answer why was the boy sent from Eltham to the Southampton school,? In my efforts to recall attention to the famous old boys of King Edward's School, South- ampton, of which I am headmaster, certain facts have come to light which furnish an explanation, and moreover are in- teresting as being concerned with persons referred to in the poems. I think that they are of sufficient importance to be preserved. William Plumbe died in 1593, and his will makes mention of his " good brother and freind M r James Parkynson." This cannot mean that Parkynson was a brother of William Plumbe's wife, for it is known that Plumbe married first Margaret South- well, widow of Sir Robert Southwell and daughter of Sir Thomas Nevil, and secondly Elizabeth Gresham, widow of John Gresham and daughter of Edward Dormer. Parkyn- son must therefore have married a sister of William Plumbe. In the latter part of the sixteenth century a Captain James Parkinson was Constable of the Castle of Southampton, and Captain of Calshot Castle. In the circumstances it would not be very rash to surmise that he was the James Parkinson who had married Miss Plumbe ; as we shall see, there are other pieces of evidence which place the matter beyond reasonable doubt. Though Josuah Sylvester dedicated most of his later poems to royal or noble patrons (or such as he hoped would become so), this was not the case with the earlier ones. His first poem was published in 1590-1, and in 1592 he dedicated ' The Triumph of Faith ' to his uncle, W T illiam Plumbe. Mr. Plumbe died a few months later, and a subsequent edition of the poem bore an inscription stating that ft was " formerlie dedicated and now for ouer consecrated to the grate - full Memorie of the first kinde Fosterer of our tender Muses, my never-sufficiently- Honoured dear Uncle, W. Plumbe, Esq." Another well-known instance of his dedi- cations to relatives or connexions is the much later case of ' Auto-Machia,' which
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