316 NOTES AND QUERIES. [ 12 s.x. APRIL 22, 1922. Turris eburnea is one of the titles given to Our Lady in the ' Litany of Loretto ' and is taken from the Canticum Canticorum or ' Song of Solomon.' Murray's ' Illustrated Bible Dictionary ' (1909), at p. 376, after mentioning the ivory throne of Solomon which was overlaid with gold (1 K. x. 18 ; 2 Chr. ix. 17), says : It is difficult to determine whether the " tower of ivory " cf Cant. vii. 4 is a figure of speech, or whether it is based on an original, such as the ivory throne of Solomon above mentioned (cf. Rev. xx. 1 1 ). JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT. "SouTHAM CYDER" (12 S. x. 250, 293). This is cider made in the Southam (or South Hams) district of Devonshire, the district bounded by the rivers Tamar and Teign, Dartmoor and the Channel. Brice, in his 'Gazetteer' (1759), under 'Devon- shire,' says : That part call'd the South Hams is particularly famous for its excellent Cyder, smart and sprightly, beautifully transparent, cordially ex- hilarating, and healthily potent. It, well made, well preserv'd, and free from Adulteration, is very durable, and has in long Voyages been found in- finitely preferable to Beer, one Tun of it going as far in use as 3 of the Malt-liquor. It in hot Climates is experienced to keep much better, and consequently may be esteem'd much whole- somer. Luckombe, too, in ' England's Gazetteer ' (1751), says this district was famous for that noble rough cyder, which is generally preferred to the soft, sickly Hereford redstreak ; and so near wine in taste, that it has tempted some vintners and coopers in London, as well as in other cities and towns, to mix it with their port wines. Defoe, in his ' Tour through Great Britain' (1724), was told that they send twenty thousand hogsheads of cider hence every year to London, and (which is still worse) that it is most of it bought there by the merchants to mix with their wines which, if true, is not much to the reputation of the London vintners. One parish in the district Staverton was said to make yearly more hogslieads of cider than there Were men, women and children in the place. R. PEARSE CHOPE. HENRY ELLIS BOATES OF LIVERPOOL (12 S. x. 251, 297). His father was William, whose business was that of slave -trading. William was a waif, found in a boat, hence the surname. He was brought up by the person who found him, placed in the local Blue Coat School, and afterwards apprenticed to the sea. He rose to be commander of | a slave-ship, prospered, and became one of j the leading merchants and shipowners of ! Liverpool. In the paper of June 6, 1760, the marriage is announced of " Capt. William Boates, formerly of the African trade, merchant, to Miss Brideson, daughter ! of Mr. Paul Brideson of Douglas, Isleman [Isle of Man]." The Liverpool paper of Nov. 3, 1794, records the death, at the age of 78, of " William Boates, Esq., whose extensive transactions in the commercial world," &c. He was buried in the Old Churchyard. His I dau. married Richard Puleston, Esq., and ! died at Brighton, September, 1794. His i son, Henry Ellis of Rosehill, Denbighshire, died in January, 1805. The above is taken ' from ' The Liverpool Privateers,' by Gomer ! Williams. A. G. KEALY. BARREL ORGANS IN CHURCHES (12 S. x. 209, 254). There is (or was last Easter> an early barrel organ carefully preserved in Farnham Church (near Knaresborough, Yorks). There is an inscription as to date, &c., attached, if my memory serves me aright. J. FAIRFAX-BLAKEBOROUGH. Grove House, Norton-on-Tees. Years ago there were barrel organs in the following Somerset churches : Muchelney, Charlton Musgrove, Stawley, Bathealton, Isle Abbots, Staplegrove, Churchstanton and Stoke St. Gregory. The one at Muchelney is still preserved there ; the organ at Stawley is, I believe, used every Sunday at the present time ; the Church- stanton specimen has been transformed into a manual organ. I remember many years ago acting as deputy for an organist at the village of Misterton, and playing on a converted barrel organ. So far as I have been able to trace the Stawley barrel organ is the only one in use in Somerset. W. G. WiLLrs WATSON. Pinhoe. NEVIN FAMILY (12 S. x. 131, 178). On Nov. 30, 1909, Miss Edith Irwin of Dublin found the will (Record Office, Dublin) of Hugh Nevin of Tullyglishoglade, Co. Armagh, 1783. Children : James, Elizabeth, Jane, Hugh, Arthur. Also the marriage licence bond of Dr. Robert Irwin and Elizabeth Nevin, daughter of Hugh Nevin, above. Robert Irwin paid the Bishop of Armagh 100 for the licence. H. C. Irwin of Mount Irwin, Tynan,
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