- .APRIL29, 1922.] NOTES AND QUERIES. 337 LEDBURY, HEREFORD (12 S. x. 272). The ' Encyclopaedia Britannica ' states that the .Manor of Ledbury was given to the See of Hereford in the eleventh century, I hut in 1561/2 it became the property of the Crown. In Morgan G. Watkins's " Continuation ' of Duncurnb's History of Hereford,' under the Hundred of Radlow it is stated that the town was given to the Church of Hereford by Edwin the Saxon, son of Edrie the Forester, contemporary with William the Conqueror. Robert tie Hetiin or Bohun, consecrated Bishop of Hereford A.D. 1131, procured from King Stephen a market for this town. Bishop John Trefnant, Bishop Hugh Ffoliot and Bishop de Swinfield are all mentioned in connexion with the manor at different periods. At'ttM- the i Instructive exchange mnilo with Qiuvu Elizabeth in her fourth your, this manor vus vostod iu tho Crown till the time of James I.. who sold it to the City of London and to feoffees. s,> that there are now no particular Lords. The bishops formerly had a park at Ledbury called Denzein Park, and a palace or hall. The owners of demesne lands in Ledbury owed service to the Court at Hereford and Ledbury. ARCHIBALD SPARKE. JAMBS ATKINSON, M.D. (12 s. . 289). .lames Atkinson was born at Darlington. ' March 9, 1 7 SO. and died in London, Aug. 7. 1852. It may not be generally known that in addition to his other activities he was a portrait-painter of very considerable merit, and in the rooms of the Royal Asiatic Society will be found his portrait of .the first Earl of Minister. Portraits by him of the Earl of Minto. the Marquess of Hastings, Lord William Bentinek, Sir William Maenaghten, ; Bart., Sir Villoughby Cotton, Captain Arthur Connolly. Prof. 'H. H. Wilson, Flax- man. and one of himself, will all be found in the National Portrait Gallery, and sketches of K I ward Irving and the Earl of Minto in the Scottish Portrait Gallery. Atkinson was enabled, by the kindness of a friend, to study medicine at Edinburgh. Whilst a student there he published ' Rodolpho/ a romantic poem, dedicated to Lady Charlotte Campbell. He went to India as medical officer of an East Indiaman, and was appointed assistant surgeon in the Bengal Medical Service in 1805. He was several years Assistant AflSay Master at the Mint, Calcutta, and edited The Government a :<f7r and The Press. For a short time he filled the Deputy Chair of Persian in Fort William College. His literary ami artistic abilities gained for him the friend- ship of several Governors-General. In the first Afghan War he was Superintending Surgeon of the Army of the Indus, and received the order of the Doornnee Empire, He retired in 1847 after 42 years' service, and died in London. Aug. 7, 1852. His publications indicate his industry and varied accomplishments : 'Rodolpho' (1801), ' Sohrab ' (1814), ' Hatim Tye ' (1818), The Aubid, an Eastern Poem' (1819), contributions to The Calcutta Annual Regis- ter (1821-2), ' Ricchiarda,' a translation from L^go Foscolo (1823), 'Prospectus of The Calcutta Liberal' (1824), 'The City of Palaces and other Poems' (1824), 'La Secchia Rapita ' (The Rape of the Bucket), a translation from Alessandro Tassoni (1825) ; ' Description of the New Process of Perforating and Destroying the Stone in the Bladder' (1831), The Shah Nameh of Firdausi/ translated and abridged, pub- lished by the Oriental Translation Fund and awarded the Gold Medal (1832) ; ' Cus- toms and Manners of the Women of Persia ' (1832) and ' Laili and Majnun ' (1836), both published by the Oriental Translation Fund ; 'The Expedition into Afghanistan' (1842) and -Sketches in Afghanistan' (fol. 1842). His son was vicar of Bolton (1887-1896) and lion. Canon of Manchester, where he died in retirement. Nov. 18, 1911. ARCHIBALD SPARKE. " STANDARDS " (12 S. ix. 388, 454, 532). The contrast between " standards " and movable furniture is shown clearly in the will of John Loder of Stanford-in-the-Vale, Berks, dated July 26, 1671 (P.C.C., Nov. 22. 1671). He leaves his " movable goods " in Shellingford among the children of his son John L. deceased, his heir (John L., eldest son of tliis son John) except ed, and " the standards to remain in the house." E. ST. JOHN BROOKS. GENERAL NICHOLSON'S BIRTHPLACE (12 S. x. 109, 158, 173, 290). General Nicholson was a cousin of the Hautenvilles of Dublin, and my mother-in-law, .Harriet, Lady Cope, is a direct descendant of the Jaffa-ays of Kingswell. In the pedigree I have I cannot find the Nicholsons named in the article, but Christian, dau. of Robert Jaffray of Dublin and Kingswell, married Thomas Nicholson and had John, Abigail, Robert, Lydia. Christian and Isabella. The Jaffray family ended with Alexander Jaffray of Kingswell. who died at Bath, unmarried,
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