1-2 S. X. JUNE 17. NOTES AND QUERIES. published t; between October, 1864, and July, 1865." One would expect to find a reference in ' The British Almanac and Companion ' to such an important depar- ture in journalism, but the issues for 1869 and 1870 are silent. However, the exact date of The Echo is forthcoming in ' Notes by the Way,' which signalized the approach of ' N. & Q.'s ' sixtieth year. There is given a generous appreciation of the first London halfpenny newspaper, and it is stated that the publication of the first number of The Echo was Dec. 8, 1868. The Echo was the cause of the establishment of the halfpenny post. Mr. A. J. Mundella, soon after his election for Sheffield, in 1868, spoke in the House in favour of the reduction of postal charges and produced a copy of The Echo to support his argument, stating that it was absurd to charge a penny for delivering a halfpenny paper from one side of London to the other. The reduction soon followed. H. PBOSSER CHANTEB. Whetstone, X.20. BARBEL OBGANS IN CHUBCHES (12 S. x. 209, 254, 316, 353, 398, 437). These gene- rally date between 1700 and 1820, and the barrel is built on the same system as that which is used for a clang of bells. There was a barrel organ in Whitburn Church, Co. Durham, which was taken out about the latter end of last century. HAYDN T. GILES. 11. Ravensbourne Terrace, South Shields. The pretty little church of St. Nicholas, Woodrising, Norfolk, contains a barrel organ which, until within, recent years, was constantly used. It is in the gallery at the west end of the church, and is still in playing order. C. BECHEB PIGOT. The Cedars, Ipswich. SIB JOHN BOURNE (12 S. x. 367, 435). The points yet in doubt concerning this worthy can fortunately be cleared up. Sir John left a will (P.'C.C., 29 Pyckering) bearing date May 12, 1563, which was not, however, proved until July 1, 1575 ; and finally, letters of administration were granted on Jime 21, 1576, to Anthony, the son and heir. Sir John left Dorothy, his wife, the Manor of Battenhall, &c., to carry out his will, and other manors and a lease of a moiety of Holt to his son and heir, Anthony. Dorothy, the widow, also left a will (P.C.C., 18 Darcy), dated May 13, 1576, in which she mentions her sisters, Jane Hornyolde, Ursula Lygon, Susan Fisher, and Barbara Greene ; her daughters, Margaret, wife of William Clarke, Esq., and Mary, wife of Thomas Martyn, LL.D. Her lease of Bishop's Wick she left to her son, Charles Bourne ; that of Upton Snodsbury to George Winter, Esq. She names her daughter-in-law, Elizabeth Bourne, and appoints her son, Anthony, executor with Sir James Holte. Anthony was first cousin to Gilbert Bourne, Bishop of Bath and Wells, whose elder brother, Richard of Wivels- combe, was a wealthy Merchant Taylor of London. Among his children were Gilbert, a D.C.L., of Wells ; John, a B.D., Canon of Wells and Treasurer there : and Roger, who also held a canonry in the same Cathedral. Anthony, son of Sir John, married a lady named Elizabeth, as did his brother Charles. Anthony and Elizabeth had a daughter who married Sir Herbert Croft. The descendants of Charles lived on at Bishop's Wick, since one Walter Bourne, probably his son, succeeded him there. If Sir John pre- sented to Oddingley in 1573, and his will was proved in 1575, he is unlikely to have died much before the date of probate, especially since his relict had not completed the winding up of the estate at the time of her death. Glazebrooke and Nash have obviously taken the date of the will and disregarded that of the probate. J. HABVEY BLOOM. SUPERSTITIONS CONCERNING SALT (12S. x. 431).--In ' Notes from a Knapsack ' (1909), p. 276, I have suggested that " above and below the salt " at table was a likely place for quarrels and an upset. The pinch of salt put over the left shoulder gave a pause before drawing the daggers. In Italian ' Last Suppers ' the salt is upset opposite Judas. GEORGE WHERRY. Some writers believe that Da Vinci's picture of the Last Supper, in which Judas Iscariot is represented as over- turning the salt, is the real origin of the salt superstition. Although a common accident, it is by no means uncommon to see the rite of throwing a pinch over the left shoulder carried out immediately, not with any real fear of evil, but in order " to be on the safe side." It is considered ominous here in the north to help one to salt, but, if it is done, the ill luck may be averted by a second helping. Hazlitt has a long account of salt superstitions, and quotes from several writers which may interest, if not satisfy, your correspondent. ARCHIBALD SPARKE.
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