12 s. vi. AP**L 24,i92o.j NOTES AND QUERIES.
tto be sold for 20,000/. This sum Grenville refused to issue from the Treasury. The Aground was consequently sold to builders, -and a new row of houses, overlooking the king in his private walks, was erected, to his great annoyance (see Walpole's ' George III.,' vol. iii., p. 4). At the Hyde Park end of Crosvenor Place was Tattersall's well-known
establishment ; near the middle were the Lock Hospital and Chapel and a Hospital
- for Soldiers. In the course of the seventies
and eighties Grosvenor Place was entirely re-modelled, the hospitals having long previously been removed. The public way -was extended to Victoria Station and made of uniform width throughout, and the row of old-fashioned, moderate-sized dwelling- houses gave place to a series of large and
- stately French Renaissance mansions.
I should doubt there ever having been any need for legislative enactments in connexion with these structural changes.
LE MONUMENT " QTJAND MEME " (12 S. vi. 90). This well-known statue of Antonin Mercie (1845-1916) represents a French soldier falling in action while an Alsatian girl standing behind him seizes his rifle. It was carved in 1882 in memory of the successful defence of Belfort in 1870-71. The original is at Belfort, but a copy in marble stands in the central avenue between the Arc du Carrousel and the Rue des Tuileries in Paris.
DE V. PAYEN-PAYNE.
BEVJAMIX WAT.KER 33PARKE also thanked for replies.]
ITALIAN ST. SVVITHIN'S DAY : " i QUATTRO .APRILANTI " (12 S. vi. 109). The Italian St. Swithin's Day is April 3. Pietro Fanfani in his ' Vocabolario della Lingua Italiana ' quotes the proverb : " Terzo di aprilante, quaranta di durante," which he .interprets: "Come e il terzo di aprile, cosi sono i seguenti quaranta giorni. " However, I cannot trace any four saints commemorated on April 3.
On April 14 the Mass and Office of 'St. Justinus is said throughout the Catholic Church, with commemoration of SS. Tibur- tius, Valerianus, and Maximus.
JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.
EARLIEST CLERICAL DIRECTORY (12 S. vi. 64). We have in our library a copy of "* The Clerical Directory : a Biographical and Statistical Book of Reference for Facts relating to the Clergy and the Church,'
compiled by the conductors of The Clerical Journal, ] 858, John Crockford, London. It appears to have had a few incomplete predecessors, but in its preface assumes the position of a " complete " work. There had been lists of clergy issued as supplements to The Clerical Journal previous to 1858, of which there are several included in " Crock- ford's " of 1858, but whether a full list had ever been published I do not know.
G. EUSTACE SUTTON, Acting Secretary and Librarian. Leeds Church Institute.
PEWTER SNUFFERS (12 S. vi. 67). Al- though Pepys frequently mentions the purchase of pewter articles (vide Mar. 5, 1661 : " To the Pewterers, to buy a poore's box, to put my forfeits in, upon breach of my late vows "), I scarcely think that the " new fashioned case " to contain them was meant to imply that the snuffers themselves were made of pewter. If so, as is the case sometimes with antique silver snuffers, probably the handles only were of pewter. It is inconceivable that pewter could be satisfactorily adapted with a cutting edge for such a purpose as trimming candle-wicks. The case would probably be made of shagreen (or shark's skin).
Pepys' s admiration of cases is previously recorded, April 27, 1661-62 :
" Visited the Mayor [Portsmouth] Mr. Timbrell, our anchor Smith, who showed us the present they have for the queen ; which is a salt cellar of silver, the walls christall, with 4 Eagles & 4 grey- hounds standing up at the top to bear up a dish ; which indeed is one of the neatest pieces of plate that I ever saw, and the case is very pretty, also."
If the snuffers were of pewter it would scarcely warrant their having an expensive case to contain them. I am inclined to think they would be made of silver.
F. BRADBURY. Sheffield.
" TUBUS " : A CHRISTIAN NAME (12 S. vi. 37). This word is the old-fashioned German name for a telescope. It is often used by Alpine writers in the first half of the nineteenth century. Its use as a Christian name therafore points to the German descent of the family iising it, "and suggests some astronomical associations of such families. W. A. B. C.
' Hocus Pocus ' : ' A RICH GIFT ' (12 S. vi. 41). From the British Museum Cata- logue I gather that the book ' Hocus Pocus ' was first published in 1651, under the title of ' A Rich Cabinet with Variety of Inven-