NOTES AND QUERIES. [12 s. vi. MAT 1. 192*
not long before come from th' ennemy out of the Low Countryes, having twice allreadie escaped ; Forasmuch as he was knowne to have been a pensioner of the King of Spaines, and one will affected to her Majestie and the present State, it was to be probablie conjectured that his repaire into this Eealme was for some secrett practise or other notable mischiefe by him to be wrought, they are herebie aucthorised and required forthwith uppon the receipt hereof to conferre with him to declare the cause of his repaire thither, and likewise to examine him uppon certaine interrogatories by them to be framed for the better discoverie of the truth ; whereuppon if they should perceave that he should refuse to declare for what cause and to what end he came into this Realme, then it is thought meete that they putt him to the torture of the Hacke, thereby the better to withdraw from him the knowledg of his wicked intent and purpose, and likewise secretlie to examine all such suspected personnes as he hath had conference with since his repaire hither into England, and all such as they could finde have been privy to his doinges, and to committ them to prison or safe custodie according as they should see good cause there- unto."
See Dasent, 'Acts of the Privy Council,' xv. 365.
What is known of Stocker's two previons escapes ? JOHN B. WAINEWBIGHT.
JACOBITE MEMORIAL RINGS (12 S. vi 66). F. A. Crisp's 'Memorial Rings,' privately printed (London), and G. F. Kunz's ' Rings ' (Lippincott), 1917, both give chapters on memorial rings which will interest your correspondent. ARCHIBALD SPARKE.
LETTER FROM THE KING (GEORGE IV.) (12 S. vi, 68). The British Museum Cata- logue describes this as a " fictitious " pro- duction, -written to defend the King's conduct toward Queen Caroline after his accession. Halkett and Laing attribute it to Wasborough, but Cushing's ' Anonyms ' gives it to Croker. The latter undoubtedly has strong claims to the authorship, considering his forensic and literary attainments, and his intimate association with such politicians as Percival, Canning, and Peel ; to say nothing of the fact that after his appoint- ment to the Admiralty Croker, according to the 'D.N.B.,' "was numbered among the friends of the Prince of Wales, with whom he was always a favourite." Appended to the letter is an Apology by the author, followed by the opinion of a legal authority, emanating from the Temple, to the effect that the publication is exempt from any consequences of the Statute of Prcemunire. This again is followed by a lengthy announce- ment, included in the same pamphlet, of a new weekly journal, The Brunswick, to be issued on Feb. 4, 1821, intended to sustain
the cause and popularity of the House oft Brunswick : "on the important subject which has so long agitated the public mind,, they (the proprietors) adopt the sentiments contained in the preceding letter."
That the signer of this advertisement, Montague Williams, whoever he may have- been, is not likely to have disguised his- name as "Wasborough," its opening para- graph makes tolerably clear, as he speaks of being
convinced of the disinterested loyalty of the gentleman whose pen has produced the fore- going letter ; knowing that what he writes is the- expression of his real thought and opinions ;. knowing also that he is no pensioned scribe, or ever will be ; and that his attachment to the King and Constitution is voluntary and un- bought, ardent and independent."
It is noteworthy that the letter was- published by William Turner, stationer to-- His Majesty at 69 Cheapside.
N. W. HILL.
CELTIC PATRON SAINTS (12 S. vi. 110). In reply to L. G. R., quotable authoritative works to consult are :
1. The Rev. Rice Rees's 'Essay on Welsh/ Saints ' or ' Lives of Primitive Saints chiefly considered to have been Founders of Churches in Wales.'
2. The Rev. W. J. Rees's 'Lives of Cambro-British Saints.' Both works are now rare.
3. The more modern, completer in detail and fulness of information, ' Lives of. British Saints, embracing Wales, Cornwall, and such Irish Saints as have Dedications- in Britain,' by the Rev. S. Baring Gould, and Canon John Fisher, in 4 vols. (1907-13). The last work ranks high, and unquestionably betrays thorough, expert workmanship.
4. The sixteenth and final volume of" Baring Gould's 'Lives of the Saints' a, separate production which winds up with a,' dissertation on Cornish and Welsh saints.
I think L. G. R. would find useful informa- tion in the appendix volume of Baring - Gould's 'Lives of the Siants,' wherein 160 pp. are devoted to 'A Keltic and. English Kalendar of Saints proper to the Welsh, Cornish, Scottish, Irish, Breton, and English Saints.' Albert le Grand's ' Les Vies des Saints de la Bretagne Armoriquo ' is also a book to be recommended ; and, Frances Arnold-Forster's ' Studies in Church Dedications,' though mainly of those in England, may be consulted with advantage.