NOTES AND QUERIES. [12 s. vi. JA*., 1920.
Alines is quoted. Sheridan, as one would naturally expect, refers to " the well- known epigram of Martial." Indeed, Mar- tial's couplet is so well known that one would not be surprised to find an English translation or adaptation earlier than that
, produced by CAPT. JAGGABD.
EDWARD BENSLY. [Several other correspondents also thanked for
ALLEYNE OB ALLEN (12 S. v. 291).
'7. Reynold admitted 1715, aged 15. He was
fifth son of Thomas Alleyne of the parish of
- St. James in the Island of Barbados, came
of age on Jan. 23, 1720, when he inherited the plantation of Mount Alleyne under his father's will : married a daughter and co-heir of Lawrence Price, and left two daughters and co-heirs. In the floor of Christ Church in the said island I have seen a blue armorial Blab, the inscription describing him as of Mount Alleyne, Esq., and recording his death on June 30, 1749, aged 49.
4. John, admitted 1715, aged 13. Sixth son of the above Thomas, matriculated from Queen's College, Oxford, Oct. 10, 1718, aged 16, came of age on Jan. 1, 1722, was of Rock Hill Plantation, and died in London in October, 1737. He married, firstly, a daughter and co-heir of General Henry Peers, and, secondly, Mary, daughter of Abel Alleyne.
2. Abel, admitted 1730, aged 8. Probably second son of Abel Alleyne of Mount Stanfast Plantation, Barbados, and of Boston, Mass., by Mary Woodbridge. He died young.
6. John, admitted 1749, aged 16. Pro- bably fifth son of above Abel Alleyne [Henry ' Timothy, the sixth son, died 1808, aged 73]. He married Miss Elizabeth Ferguson, and left an only son, John, and four daughters.
5. John, admitted 1736, aged 11. Sir John Gay Alleyne, born April 28, 1724, was
created a Baronet in 1769. In 1798, when he made his will, he was residing in West- minster.
8. William may be of above family, but I lack dates for identification.
3. Bernard does not occur in the pedigree.
V. L. OLIVER.
Abel and Reynold Alleyne (or Allen) were evidently members of the family of that name, first settled near Grantham, in Lincolnshire, some of whom in the mid- seventeenth century migrated to Barbados, where representatives of the family were living up to a short time ago. These names are of frequent recurrence in this family. An interesting article by MB. E. B. DE COLE- TEPEB , on a curious circumstance connected
with this family is to be found in ' N. & Q.', 12 S. i. 84, 125. Other records will be found in ' Caribbeana,' iv. 1 (Brit. Mus. Cat. Period. Pub.). B.
[C. H. M. also thanked for reply.]
PANNAG (12 S. v. 294). The word occurs only in Ezekiel xxvii, 17. The A.V. takes it as a place-name along with Minnith, men- tioned just before. The R.V.M. has "perhaps a kind of confection." The text of Ezekiel has suffered badly in transmission, and it is possible that some other word was meant. Donarj, " wax," has been proposed. Ancient Hebrew was, of course, written with no indication of short vowels, and the unpointed text has simply png. Assuming that these consonants and the Massoretic pronunciation pannag are correct, there seems much to be urged in favour of connecting the word with the Latin panicum, " panic grass " a word for " millet." The suggestion was, I believe, first made by the late Dr. Redpath in his Westminster Commentary on Ezekiel. The chapter in Ezekiel where png occurs is \ery interesting, as showing the prophet's know- ledge of geographical details. He is speaking of the commerce of Tyre.
H. F. B. COMPSTOJT. Bredwardine Vicarage, Hereford.
The short article in Murray's Illustrated Bible Dictionary gives all that need be said about it. Its identification is purely conjec- tural, as the term occurs only in Ezekiel xxvii, 17. Comparison with Genesis Ixiii. 11, suggest some spice grown in Palestine and exported to Tyre, an opinion favoured by LXX. Kaa-ia. The Sanscrit pannaga denotes an aromatic plant. The Syriac version sug- gests millet, Latin panicum. R.V. has a marginal note, " perhaps a kind of confec- tion," arid the Targum and the book Zohar cited in Gesenius's Hebrew Lexicon suggests " a kind of sweet pastry." Gesenius says that " other opinions are given >in Celsius, Hierobot, ii. 73." Pannag may be a place- name used to denote wheat or some other product of the place, as we name port and sherry from Oporto and Xeres. But no such place appears to be known. J. T. F.
Dr. Robert Young, in his exhaustive Analytical Bible Concordance, gives " sweet " as English equivalent to the Hebrew.
Canon Cheyne throws light on the import and misusage of the term in his summarisable observations thereon in Encyclopaedia Biblica vol. 3. He declared the A.V. had taken it as a place-name, and R.V. treated it as a