9> s.x. JULY s, 1902.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
soms have nothing to do with female purity, but merely indicate the attainment of matri- monythat " Mademoiselle " has attained the status of " Madame." J. A. H. MURRAY.
PAPAL PROVISIONS. To what were these limited? Did they extend to an office as well as to a dignity? In a commission to inquire respecting a provision to Glasney College, in Cornwall ('Reg. Brantyngharn,' ed. Hingeston - Randolph, p. 150), the dis- tinction appears to be drawn. The valuable ' History of the English Church ' started by Messrs Stephens and Hunt, but apparently discontinued, does not answer the query.
R. WOODHOUSE'S PORTRAIT. If any reader of ' N. & Q.' knows of a portrait of Robert Wood house I should be grateful for informa- tion about it. Woodhouse was born at Nor- wich in 1773, was a fellow of Caius College, Cambridge, held in succession the Lucasian and Plumian Professorships in the Univer- sity, and was a man of note in his day. He died in 1827.
I have a collection of portraits of mathe- maticians, which includes portraits of every one (save Woodhouse) who has ever held a Mathematical Chair in Cambridge ; hence ray special desire to secure a likeness of him. I believe that Mr. Woodhouse's family know of no portrait of him, and that no likeness of him is preserved at Cambridge ; but as his brother J. T. Woodhouse was somewhat of an artist, and the family was connected with Opie, the well-known painter, I think it just possible that some sketch of Woodhouse may be in existence. W. W. ROUSE BALL.
Trinity College, Cambridge.
NAPPER TANDY. The Times of 27 May, 1802, says that Bonaparte would not allow Napper Tandy to go to Paris. Who was he ?
[James Napper Tandy, 1740-1803, was a United Irishman, who, at the head of a small French force, landed on the island of Rutland, co. Donegal, was tried in England, and sentenced to death, but died of dysentery in France, 24 August, 1803. He is mentioned in the song ' The Wearing of the Green.' A full account of his disreputable life appears in the ' Diet. Nat. Biog.,' vol. Iv. pp. 353-7.]
SAMUEL FOLLETT, son of Benjamin Follett, of Lyme Regis, was admitted to Westminster School on 4 November, 1771. I should be glad to ascertain any particulars of his parentage and career. G. F. R. B.
GRACE BEFORE MEAT. At the end of an old book entitled ' The Perfect Path to Para- dice,' published in 1626, appear a few speci-
mens of such prayers. Were they sung at this period, or simply recited? Perhaps the Puritans of that day sang them with a strong nasal twang ; although the closing verse seems almost too loyal for their principles in general. Here are some of the lines, as a sample thereof :
GRACE BEFOKE MEATK,
Give thanks to God the Lord of might, As it becommeth Christians right, And ever when thou seest thy meat, Remember God before thou eat, And then God will remember thee And with his food will nourish thee, And after this life ended is, We shall remaine with him in blisee. God save his universal Church,
Our noble King defend : Grant that thy people may enjoy
Thy peace unto the end.
MELVILLE. Cotterstock Hall, Oundle.
'BATAILLE LOQUIEER.' Has this chanson de geste of the langue d'oil ever been printed ? L. Gau tier's ' Bibliographic des Chansons de Geste,' 1897, speaks of it as "still unpublished " in that year. O. O. H.
"CocKLEDUMDiTT." In the interesting little volume 'Journal of a Soldier of the 71st Regiment,' 1819, mention is made of a winter spent at Boho in Spafh, where
" the peasants used to dance to the sound of their rattles, consisting of two pieces of hard wood, which they held between their fingers, and by shaking their hands, kept time, in the same manner as the boys in Edinburgh and other parts play what they call cockledumditt. They call them castanetts." -P. 177.
I remember pieces of wood being so used when I was a boy at the " Southern Academy," in George Square, Edinburgh, in 1846, but I do not remember any name, or song, or tune associated with them. A friend tells me that cockhdumdyke was played with two pieces of wood, each burnt at one end, and that the refrain was
Cockle dum dyke,
Peas an' beans are baith alike.
Is " ditt," then, a misprint for " dyke " ? But the author, John Howell, was an Edinburgh boy, and his ' Journal ' was printed in Edin- burgh. And is "cockle" a form of the Eng- lish "cockal," a game played with small bones? Will any one kindly give me in- formation on this subject ? W. S.
A QUESTION OF TENSE. In the reports of some great companies different tenses are used in reference to circumstances occurring within the same period of time. For instance, the Great Northern Railway report for the