o s. x. OCT. 11, 1902.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
THE CORONATION CANOPY (9 th S. x. 189). This might have been held at the coronatioi of George I, 20 October, 1714, by the Baron of the Cinque Ports, but it seems to hav been the perquisite of the Dean of West minster, an office then filled by Franci . Atterbury, Bishop of Eochester, one of th most remarkable men of that day. In th memoir of him in ' Lodge's Portraits ' it i stated :
- "7 is Customary after a Coronation for the Dean
ot Westminster to present to the sovereign th canopy and chair of state used by him on tha occasion, which are the Dean's perquisites. H< ottered them to George the First accordingly, and lor the hrst time in the annals of Coronations the\ were refused. Atterbury's haughty spirit instantly took fare ; and he, whose affection to the succession
- i ur U8 , e of Hanove r was already at the bes
but doubtful, seems from that hour to have becomi one of its most determined enemies." Cabine Edition, vol. vn. p. 123.
In the notice of Atterbury in 'Alumn Westmonasterienses' (1852) the writer, com mentmg on this action, observes : " The King [i.e., George I.] from the first treated him with marked incivility and openly slighted a courteous offer made by him after the coro- nation" (p. 187). This, however, does not exactly answer the question as to the Barons of the Cinque Ports having the privilege of holding the canopy, or of the privilege passing mto other hands, but it is very interesting. I he bishop's attachment to the House "of Hanover was very slight at any time, if it ever had an existence. There is the story of his wishing on the death of Queen Anne in
V 1 . 4 to ^ out in nis lawn sleeves and pro- claim King James III.
JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
For a great deal of information of an inter- esting nature on this subject see an article in the Connoisseur for July by Mr Crake of Hastings Museum. W. E. WILSON
FREUND HEIN (9* S. x. 128). - Consult the article Hem' in Grimm's 'Deutsches Worterbuch,' 4 vol. ii. p. 884. Originally it seems to have been a surname of the devil, like "Old Harry" (Fielding, 'Tom Jones,' 6, viii. ch. ix.) and " the Lord Harry." The form ' Freund Hein " and its application to death appear to be owing to Matthias Claudius, who used it first about 1774. But on the other hand, there was a Hamburg medical practitioner, Anton Hein, who was the butt of the periodicals of his town from 1760 to 1770 (see Godeke, 'Grundriss,' p. 631) so that these railings may have suggested the name to our Wandsbeck poet ; it may
also be that the coincidence of the doctor's name with the long-existing nickname of the old patriarch tickled him into forging it.
G. KRUEGER. Berlin.
This personification of death was first introduced by Matthias Claudius (a very popular poet, who died at Hamburg in 1815) at some time subsequent to 1774, and was soon adopted by Lessing, Musseus (the narrator of ' Volksmarchen,' or folk- tales, which first appeared in 178?,), Gotter, and others. Hein is an abbreviation in Low German and in Dutch for Heinrich and Henderik. According to Godeke, Clau- dius seems to have applied the name Freund Hain or Hein originally not in a met? phorical sense, but to a physician of Ham- burg called Anton Hein (s. Weigand's 'Deutsches Worterbuch,' i. 670). See also the celebrated woodcut ' Der Tod als Freund ' of Alfred Bethel (who died at Diisseldorf in 1859). + H. KREBS.
EARL DARSY (9 th S. x. 209). Sir Conyers d'Arcy, of Hornby Castle, co. York, grandson of Sir Arthur d'Arcy, second son of Thomas, Lord d'Arcy (attainted and executed 20 June, 1538), was, as a result of a petition, summoned to Parliament in 1641 as Lord Darcy. He died in 1653, having had by Dorothy his wife, daughter of Sir Henry Belasyse, of Newborough, six sons and seven daughters. The eldest son, Conyers d'Arcy, was created Earl of Holderness in 1682. The title, accord- ing to Beatson, became extinct in 1777. In the 'Peerage of England,' 1710, the arms are described as "Azure, seme of Cross- roslets, and three Cinquef oils Argent." If SOMERSETSHIRE will send me his address [ shall be pleased to lend him my copy of the 'Peerage of England.' The Gentleman's Magazine of 1778 has the following obituary notice on p. 238 :
" May 16. Rt. Hon. Robert D'Arcy, E. of Holder- nesse, Lord D'Arcy, Lord Warden and Admiral of he Cinque Ports, Governor of Dover-castle, Lord lieutenant of the North Riding of Yorkshire, and Vice Admiral of the same, Keeper of the Liberty and Forest of Richmond, Constable of Middleham Castle in Y orkshire, and a Governor of the Charter- house."
HERBERT SOUTHAM. Innellan, Shrewsbury.
MOURNING SUNDAY (9 th S. ix. 366, 390, 497 ; c. 72, 155). In New Brunswick probably n other parts of Canada mourners " appear ut " at church the Sunday after the funeral, f a Sunday or holy day of obligation fall etween the death and the funeral, even Catholics often neglect Mass. Priests at