9* s.x. NOV. s, 1902.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
ecclesiastics. It may be, and often is, worn by laymen in choir or in processions. At the blessing of ashes, candles, and palms it is worn by the officiant ; but if there be no cope available, he uses alb and stole only. The cope is neither sacramental nor sacer- dotal, but merely a robe of dignity or honour.
St. Andrews, N.B.
So far is this vestment from being episcopal that it is not even sacerdotal, being frequently worn by laymen who take part in an eccle- siastical ceremony. In defence of the curious practice, which prevails in many Anglican churches, of celebrating the Communion vested in a cope, I have seen it asserted that the cope and the chasuble were identical in origin, and that there is practically no differ- ence between a cope and a chasuble of ancient Gothic shape. The difference between a cope and a chasuble of any period or style is radical : it consists in the fact that the cope is divided down the front, while the chasuble (originally a circular garment with a hole in the middle) is never divided save in so far as modern usage has curtailed its fulness at the sides, to give greater freedom to the arms of the celebrating priest.
JOHN HOBSON MATTHEWS.
Town Hall, Cardiff.
According to ' A Catholic Dictionary,' com- piled by William E. Addis and Thomas Arnold (Kegan Paul, 1884), this vestment " is used in processions by those who assist the cele- brant, by cantors at Vespers, &c., so that it is not a distinctively sacerdotal vestment," &c. The fact that no special blessing is pro- vided for the cope in the 'Ordo Romanus,' as is the case with the vestments used at Mass, would seem to imply that from an ecclesiastical point of view it is in the same category with the cappa worn by acolytes or the. surplice of the chorister, and, as such, may legitimately be worn by laymen as well as by clerics. FREDERICK T. HIBGAME.
SHAKESPEARE v. BACON (9 th S. ix. 245, 414 ; x. 11,137,214). Does Bacon any where quote from Spenser or refer to him? If not, then per- haps Bacon wrote the ' Faery Queen.' Shake- speare is not the only great writer unknown to the great men of his day. Macaulay and others have rated Jane Austen not far below Shakespeare, yet the great men of her day did not know her, and gave thek 1 . praise to Lady Morgan, Lady Blessington, and others long forgotten. M. N. G.
[But Scott knew and wrote m praise of Jane Austen.]
PIN PICTURES (9 th S. x. 308). There seems to be an allusion to something of the kind in Cowper*s ' Lines on the Receipt of my Mother's Picture ' :
Could Time, his flight reversed, restore the hours When, playing with thy vesture's tissued flowers, The violet, the pink, and jessamine, I pricked them into paper with a pin, &c.
A middle-aged person, to whom I have men- tioned the subject, speaks of these pin pic- tures as having been familiar to her in ner girlhood. C. LAWRENCE FORD, B.A.
" HONEST " EPITAPHS (9 th S. x. 306). There is a curious memorial in St. Dunstan's Church, Fleet Street, to a certain Hobson Judkins, who was known as the "Honest Solicitor." The inscription says :
"Hobson Judkins, Esq., late of Clifford's Inn, the Honest Solicitor, who departed this life June 30, 1812. This tablet was erected by his clients as a token of gratitude and respect for his honest, faithful, and^ friendly conduct to them through life. Go, reader, arid imitate Hobson Judkins."
It is perhaps worthy of notice that ' The Honest Lawyer ' was a comedy acted by " the Queen's Servants " in 1610, and pub- lished anonymously (see 'List of Dramatic Poets,' 1747, Brit. Mus. Lib.). At Wingfield, in Suffolk, is the following epitaph :
Pope boldly says (some think the maxim odd) An honest man 'a the noblest work of God. If Pope's assertion be from error clear, The noblest work of God lies buried here.
An epitaph on Strange, a lawyer, runs : Here lies an honest lawyer, that is Strange. In St. Giles's Churchyard is the following : Here lies a most dutiful daughter, honest and just, Awaiting the resurrection in hopes to be one of the
One Alexander Thompson's epitaph, at Lauder, says :
Here lyes inter'd an honest man, Who did this churchyard first lie in ; This monument shall make it known That he was the first laid in this ground. Of mason and of masonrie He cutted stones right curiously. To heaven we hope that he is gone Where Christ is the chief corner-stone.
A doubtful kind of honesty is indicated in
an epitaph of 1781 :
An honest soldier never is forgot, Whether he die by musket or by pot.
From Hackett's l Epitaphs,' 1757, vol. i. p. 268 :
- This plain Floor
Believe me Reader, can say more Than many a braver Marble can, Here lies a truly honest Man.
J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.