9*s.x. JULY 12, 1902.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
compiled from Documents in the Public Record Office," incorporating and super- seding the list referred to by DR. MACKAY, which is now out of print. I am unable to say how far it adds to the published lists as
O. O. H.
THE LOCOMOTIVE AND GAS (9 th S. vi. 227, 358; ix. 118, 317, 372). The inflammable aeriform fluid, carburetted hydrogen, was first evolved from coal by Dr. Clayton, in 1739 (Phil. Trans.). Its application to the purposes of illumination was first tried by Mr. Murdoch, in Cornwall, in 1792. The first display of gas lights was made at Boul- ton & Watt's foundry in Birmingham, on the occasion of the rejoicings for peace in 1802. Gas was permanently used, io the exclusion of lamps and candles, at the cotton mills of Phillips & Lee, Manchester, where 1,000 burners were lighted, 1805 (see ' Haydn's Dic- tionary of Dates '). Gaslights were first introduced in London in Golden Lane, 1807, first used in lighting Pall Mall, 1809, and were general through London in 1814 (ibid., and the Lady's News, 1852). It was the Mr. Winsor of whom K. B. speaks who first lit the Lyceum Theatre with gas in 1803, and to him, says Beckmann in his 'History of Inventions' (Bohn, 1846, vol. ii. p. 183), the world may fairly be said to be indebted for the vast oenefit conferred upon it by gas illumination. Soon after one side of Pall Mall had been lighted with gas, companies were formed for carrying on the manufacture of gas upon an extensive scale.
J. HOLDEN MACMlCHAEL.
I understand that Frederick A. Winsor, mentioned at the last reference, is buried in Pere la Chaise Cemetery, Paris. Will some French correspondent kindly supply a copy of the inscription over his grave? Any particulars concerning the erection of the memorial in Kensal Green Cemetery would be welcome. JOHN T. PAGE.
West Haddon, Northamptonshire.
THE AUTHOR AND AVENGER OF EVIL (9 th S. ix. 22, 229). In my paper on 'The Essenes' (9 th S. ix. 103) I have succinctly outlined the genesis of demonology in Judaism. The graft, however, never took firm root in the soil, and Jews have ever remained loyal to the everlasting principle of unity. Too much stress must not be laid on the 'Jobeid,' from which a very erroneous conception of the Jewish stand- point is likely to ensue. With reference to Psalm Ixxviii. 49, I have looked at the context of the chapter, and as I forecasted,
so it is. The word rtiallach is used in many instances as "agent," " medium," a " messen- ger." Mallachi ronge$m=" agents of destruc- tion," as MR. BOSWELL rightly discerns. In fact, no other significance can be attached to the phrase by a genuine Hebraist, and I am surprised the Revisionists did not " modern- ize " to that extent. " Angels of evil " is a contradiction in terms to my mind.
M. L. R. BRESLAR.
MR. BOSWELL says that the devil got his name of Old Scratch from Skratt, the wood- spirit ; and so says Keightley in his ' Fairy Mythology' ; but I am inclined to think that he got it from the old story, told again by Rabelais, in which a man agrees to have a scratching match with the devil, and in which the devil is utterly discomfited by the man's wife. I would also remark that Ovid, who mentions the slaying of the serpent Python, does not make Apollo the sun. He rightly considers him, as .do Homer and Hesiod, a
quite different deity.
BAPTISMAL. FONTS (9 th S. ix. 447). A similar request appeared many years ago. Some correspondents contributed the names of a few of the churches in which curious and ancient fonts were still to be found, for which see 5 th S. xii. 443 ; 6, th S. i. 26, 215, 405.
EvjfRARD HOME CQLEMAN.
71, Brecknock Road.
THOMAS PHAER, OP CILGERRAN (9 th S. ix. 467). The statement that Thomas Phayer resided in South Wales from 1555 to 1560, and that he died and was buried in the latter year at Cilgerran, which is situated within a few miles of Cardigan, though itself in Pem- brokeshire, appears to have originated with Wood. Pits, on the other hand, says that he died in London in 1550. Bulleyn, in his ' Bui warke of Defence ' (part 2), alludes to him in these words : " Thomas Faire is not deade, but is transformed and chaunged into a new nature immortal." This was published in March, 1562. ' Where Phayer practised medi- cine is uncertain, but it was probably in London ; and though the only degree or licence with which he is credited was M.D. Oxon., 1559, he likely enough practised pre- vious to that date. It would be interesting to know if he possessed a licence from the Bishop of St. David's.
May I suggest to your correspondent that be should search (1) 'The History of Cil-
- erran,' (2) 'A List of the Sheriffs of Car-
iganshire from 1539, with Genealogical and Historical Notes,' each of these being the work of John Roland Phillips ? His