- H S .x.JiTLY26,i902.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
will sometimes look at a hymnbook. On one occasion a woman stood, and a neighbour pulled her dress and pointed out to her that she was not "showing proper respect." Sometimes they go to church in the morning and to their own place in the evening. I believe it to be a survival from early times. If a Sunday intervene between the death and the funeral, some people think it is not "showing proper respect" if you go to church before the following Sunday.
J. T. F. Durham.
The practice described is still almost uni- versally prevalent in the northern part of Northamptonshire. The farHly, and gener- ally all the bearers, whether Church people or not, attend church on the Sunday follow- ing the funeral, the family always remaining seated throughout the service. At the funeral itself none of the mourners would think of standing up while the Psalm was being read. W. D. SWEETING.
Holy Trinity Vicarage, Rotherhithe.
- THE DIRTY OLD MAN ' (9 th S. ix. 428, 512).
The original lines in Household Words give Leadenhall Street. A note of mine on the subject will be found 9 th S. vii. 354 (but by inadvertence I put Chamberss Journal), also a reference to various engravings relating to the house in Leadenhall Street. MR. COLEMAN is quite right in supposing that the present name is an advertisement.
MIRACULOUS LIKENESSES OF JESUS (9 th S. ix. 481). It may interest your readers to know that the miracle of our Lord's portrait, "which Nicodemus gave as a present to Gamaliel," was the subject of a special festival in the old Welsh ecclesiastical calendar, being commemorated on 9 September under the title of " Y ddelw fy w " (" the living image "). JOHN HOBSON MATTHEWS.
Town Hall, Cardiff.
THE IRON DUKE AND THE DUKE OF WEL- LINGTON (9 th S. ix. 466; x. 11). It were a pity that the origin of this sobriquet should be left in uncertainty, if it be possible to ascertain it. I cannot throw any light upon it, but can only repeat the tale as told by others, namely, that an iron steamship a novelty at the time was launched in the Mersey and christened the Duke of Welling- ton. It was called for short the Iron Duke, and the fitness of that designation for the eponymus of the ship was too obvious not to find favour. MR. EDGCUMBE affirms that the term was applied first to the Duke
himself, but he does not offer any evidence or reference in support of that statement. I think the other version is the more probable, but neither can I produce evidence to support it. HERBERT MAXWELL.
MR. RICHARD EDGCUMBE'S contention that the title of the Iron Duke was popularly bestowed on Arthur, Duke of Wellington, many years before the launching of the large ship at Liverpool, does not agree, I beg to remark, with the information on the subject in question contained in the very latest life of the illustrious Duke, namely, that in two volumes by the Right Honourable Sir Herbert Maxwell, M.P., published by Sampson Low & Co., London, 1899. The following is taken from my copy of the third edition, 1900, vol. i. p. 304 :
" The sobriquet conferred on Wellington of the ' Iron Duke,' it is true came to him in a roundabout way. An iron steamship, a novelty at the time, was launched in the Mersey and named the Duke of Wellington. The vessel came to be known as the Iron Duke, and the transition from the subject to the eponymus was too easy and obvious not to be effected."
HENRY GERALD HOPE.
119, Elms Road, Clapham, S.W.
"IN AN INTERESTING CONDITION " (9 th S. IX.
328, 431). Here is Another euphemism. In ' Some Records of the Later Life of Harriet, Countess Granville,' there are extracts from a letter of Lady Georgiana Fullerton refer- ring to a visit . paid to Louis Philippe at Claremont. The king said :
" We went away [from Paris] at last in little broughams. Vous savez, mesdames, ce que sont des broughams. Clementine souffrait, etant dans ce que vous appellez, Ladies, ' the happy way.' " -Pp. 32, 33.
GERMAN LETTERS (9 th S. ix. 509). Consult, for instance, the correspondence between Goethe and Schiller (in 6 vols.), between the brothers Jacob and Wilhelm Grirnm, and between the brothers Alexander and Wilhelm von Humboldt, as well as their various letters written to many distin- guished men and women of science and art. Of more recent date and widely interesting are the letters of Bismarck and Moltke, especially those written by Moltke from England to his wife, which may rival any French works of the class in epistolary skill and facility as well as in literary value. A great variety of letters written by Germans of note may also be found in the Deutsche fiundschau, one of the leading periodicals, published in Berlin during the last twenty-eight years. H. K.