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9*8. XL JAN. 31, 1908.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


rational inference is that increased intimacy and better knowledge had convinced Jonson that Shakspere was a worthier man than he had thought him to be. To accept any other explanation seems utterly unjustifi- able.

Again, if Jonson put Shakspere and Bacon under the same hat with reference to "All that insolent Greece and haughty Rome sent forth, "did he also put them under the same hat when he declared that Shakspere had " small Latin and less Greek " ?

MR. STRONACH is not fortunate in his illustration of the Lord Chancellor and Sir Henry Irving. If the latter put forth as his own plays written by the former, would not Sir Henry, asks MR. STRONACH, " be credited with the authorship " ? Of course he would, because Sir Henry is a scholarly man, and there is no inherent impossibility in his having written a play or plays. But the alleged illiteracy of Shakspere is the very reason why the Baconians reject the Shak- sperean authorship, and had he really been so, his assumption of authorship would have been received with a howl of derision from his contemporaries. Does MR. STRONACH not see that his illustration destroys his own argument ?

With reference to Henry Chettle, I must say that, despite the eminent scholars whom MR. STRONACH mentions, the references to "Shake-scene" and the "Tiger's heart" seem to point most strongly to Shakspere being the person who took offence. Mr. Sidney Lee and Mr. Halliwell-Phillipps agree on this point if eminent names go for anything and, assuming that they are right, Chettle must have known Shakspere, for he says, " Myselfe have seene his demeanour no less civill than he exelent in the qualitie he pro- fesses."

I think that thanks are due to MR. CRAW- FORD for his laborious and masterly articles at present appearing in the columns of

  • N. & Q.' If they prove anything, it is that

Bacon, if he wrote Shakspere, must also have written Ben Jonson. From that it is a very short step to the engulfing claims of Mrs. Gallup. And after her the deluge !



NORTON FAMILY (9 th S. x. 508). Richard Norton, Esq., of Southwick, co. Hants (Crom- well's "Idle Dick Norton"), entered his pedi- gree at the Visitation of Hants in U86, and therein William Norton, of Wellow, appears as his second son, by his second wife Eliza- beth, second daughter of William, Viscount

Say and Sele. At the date of the Visitation William Norton had issue by his wife Eliza- beth a daughter (Betty), aged two years, and a son Thomas, aged two months.

The following inscription appears on a arge mural monument of white marble in Owthorpe Church, co. Nottingham:

"In a vault underneath Lyes the Body of Eliza- th Norton, who dyed October the 30th, 1713, in uhe 45th year of her Age.

" She was one of the Daughters and Coheirs of Sr Thomas Norton, of Coventry, Barronet ; and Relict of Collonel Wm. Norton, of Wellow, in Hampshire ; 2nd son of Collonel Richard Norton, of Southwick, n ye sd County ; by his 2d Wife, Elizabeth, one of the Daughters of William, Lord Viscount Say and Sele) by whom She had Issue Collonel Thomas Norton, now of Ixworth Abbey, in ye County of Suffolk ; Captain Richard Norton, who lyes interr'd in this Chancel, and Betty, married to Julius

Hutchinson, of this Place, Esqr It is worthy of

Remark yt the above mentioned Collonel Richard Norton lived to have ye Honour to Entertain four Kings of England in His house at Southwick."

Beneath the inscription are these arms : Vert, a lion rampant or, for Norton, impaling Azure, three swords in triangle, pommel to pommel, argent, hilted or ; upon a chief gules a lion passant gardant of the third, for Norton of Coventry. Crests : First, a Moor's head proper, wreathed about the temples argent and azure ; second, out of a coronet or a demi-griffin gules, holding in the claws a sword argent, hilted or. Mottoes : " Confide recte " and " No foe to fortune, no friend to faith, no woe to want, so Norton saith " (Genealogist, vol. ii. p. 308).


High Street, Portsmouth.

" DUTCH COURAGE " (2 nd S. vii. 277 ; 6 th S. iii. 289, 458, 498 ; 9 th S. xi. 47). The poem given at the first reference is an answer to the question,

Do you ask what is Dutch courage ? but it does not mention the questioner or the occasion of his putting the query. It seems to have been written not very long before the period of its publication (1859) from its allusions to the Chartist agitation and " Papal aggression " ; and, quaintly enough, in view of the question as now raised by MR. ALFRED F. BOBBINS, it commences with lines concerning the Anglo-Dutch wars of Charles II.'s time as an answer. The view editorially adopted by 'N. & Q.' at the second reference, and endorsed by a subsequent correspondent, was that "the word 'Dutch' in this expression is not applied to the Hollanders, but is used as equivalent to the spirit hollands " : but this does not agree with the idea of Waller, already quoted ;