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s. xi. FEB. H, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


GAVKAN. The Rev. Robert Owen, in hi book 'The Kymry,' pp. 9-10, speaks o Gavran ab Aeddan, who set out in quest o: the Gwerddonan Llion (the Green Isles of tht Ocean), and with his followers disappearec for ever. On p. 35 he says, "Aidan map Gavran, A.D. 607, is execrated by the Kymry as a traitor to their cause," and I gather that this Aid an was a North British chieftain with Pictish sympathies I am anxious to discover the sources of these two statements of Mr. Owen's. I wish also to hear if other Gavrans are recorded in Celtic history.

J. HAMBLEY ROWE, M.B. 72, Grange Road, Bradford.

" STUPRIFACTIO." What is the proper trans- lation of this word ? it frequently occurs in the proceedings of an ecclesiastical court in the fifteenth century, and persons guilty of this offence were punished by the judge.

W. G. D. F.

[See the meaning of stuprum in any Latin dictionary.]

SAN DIEGO. The late DR. TREGELLES, no mean authority, in writing on the city of Alcala (3 rd S. iii. 341), mentioned San Diego as a local saint, not to be confounded with Santiago (St. James). But when James Mabbe turned his name into Spanish equivalents, he made it Don Diego Puede-Ser (see 3 rd S. vii. 379). He certainly thought lago and Diego all one. Can any correspondent throw light on the matter 1 RICHARD H. THORNTON.

Portland, Oregon.

"MYAL DOCTOR." In Chambers' s Journal 1900 (iii. 439), I find a reference to the " Myal or bush doctor of Hayti and other West

Indian islands Africo - Caribbean myal

doctor, or Indian peiman." Peiman I have already treated in these columns (9 th S. viii. 363), but myal, in this sense, is new to me, and is not in even the best dictionaries. Can any reader tell me if there really is a West Indian word myal ? Or is it in the above passage merely a misapplication of the well- known Australian term myal ? If genuine American, the "myal doctor" will be a wel- come addition to the list which already includes the " powwow doctor," or " medicine man," of the Algonquin, the " wakan man" of the Sioux, the " loco man " of Surinam, &c. JAS. PLATT, Jun.

DR. JEREMIAH WAINEWRIGHT. Is any- thing known of Dr. Jeremiah Wainewright, of whose medical views some account is given in the ' Biographic Universelle ' ? Of what university was he M.D. 1 His best-known medical work was ' A Mechanical Account of

the Non-Naturals,' published in English at London in 1707, 1718, and 1737, and trans- lated into Latin by Jean de St. Marc, and published without author's name at Avignon in 1748. He also published in 1708 'Brief Remarks on Mr. Burnet's History of the Joint Use of Precomposed Forms of Prayer,' and in 1722 ' An Anatomical Treatise of the Liver.'

He was probably eldest son of Jeremy Wainwright, of Ferrybridge, near Pontefract (whose third son Hayford was admitted to Gray's Inn in 1680, and married a daughter of Thomas Bendlowes, Esq., senior, of How- grave, in the county of York, barrister-at- law), and father of Jeremiah Wainewright, at one time postmaster of Ferrybridge, who died in 1784 (Gent. Mag.).

Is there anything to identify Hayford's son Thomas, who was admitted to Gray's Enn in 1705, with the Thomas Wainwright of Holborn who died on 6 November, 1770 'Gent. Mag.) 1 This latter is almost certainly the testator in the case of Wainewright v. Wainewright, reported 3 Ves. 558.



NENSIUM,' 1213. This interesting document "s printed by Pardessus in the fourth volume of his ' Collections de Lois Maritimes ' (Paris, 1837, at pp. 283-9 ; see also pp. 228-9), from a text which Lappenberg communicated to lim considered very faulty by the latter, ^an any of your readers tell me whether any setter text has been published 1 May I ask /he help of the editor of the Interme'diaire n bringing the inquiry before his readers in jruienne also 1 ROBT. J. WHITWELL.


HENSHAW FAMILY. Benjamin Henshaw,

>f More Hall, Essex, was my great-grand-

ather. From him devolved to my maternal

Lunt two three-quarter-length oil-colour por-

.raits by Sir Peter Lely. One represents a

roung woman handling a spray of orange

)lossom ; the other a man wearing a red

ash, and having behind him a ship, from

,he stern of which flies the Red Ensign (a

St. George's Jack in the corner of a red flag),

and from each masthead a round-ended broad

)ennant, parted per pale argent and gules. I

iave always understood these persons to have

>een man and wife, and from my childhood

lave uniformly heard them called "Admiral

ind Lady Henshaw." As I have never heard

f the admiral with any addition to his naval

ank, I think it quite likely that the style of

Lady " may only have been applied to his

wife in the sense in which a captain's wife