9 th 8. XI. FEB. 28, 1903.]
NOTES AND QUERIES.
add to statements which have been made in former communications on this subject :
"9. The cope has retained not merely its old shape, but its old use. In its origin it was a vest- ment, the use of which was restricted to no particu- lar order of the clergy, but, as now, could be worn by any order, from the highest to the lowest cleric ; in fact, it was sometimes worn (as it still is) by persons who are not clerics at all.
" 10. To go back no further than the date at which the cope is first brought by ritual theorists into the category of church vestments, in the twelfth and in the following centuries, the chasuble \vas the vestment specifically assigned to the priest for the saying of Mass."
HERIOT (9 th S. x. 228, 333, 433, 497 ; xi. 75). I have in my strong-room scores of leases in which the lessee covenants to pay a "heriot" on the decease of each "life" on which his term depends. In this part (West Cornwall) the amount is generally small, 10s. or I/., and the tenant gets no new advantage. Where a new life is nominated on a payment, the payment is larger and is called a "fine."
ROBERT DODSLEY (9 th S. ix. 228 ; x. 272). After writing my former reply, it occurred to me that of all the authorities I had seen, not one referred in any way to the newspapers of that date, where naturally one would expect to find any obituary notices. This induced me to look up the collections in the British Museum and Guildhall libraries, with the following result :
London Evening Post from Tuesday, 25 Sept., to Thursday, 27 Sept., 1764. "On Sunday last died, on a visit at the Rev. Mr. Spence's at Durham, Mr. Robert Dodsley, late an eminent Bookseller, in Pall Mall "
St. James's Chronicle from Tuesday, 25 Sept., to Thursday, 27 Sept., 1764. "A few days since, died, at Durham, the ingenious Mr. Dodsley, late a Book- seller in Pall Mall. 7 '
Lloyd's Evening Post from Wednesday, 26 Sept., to Friday, 28 Sept., 1764." Died September 23rd, Mr. Robert Dodsley, on a visit to the Rev. Mr. Spence's, at Durham, late a considerable Bookseller, in Pall Mall."
Public Advertiser, Friday, 28 Sept., 1764. "On Sunday last, died, on a visit to the Rev. Mr. Spence's, at Durham, Mr. Robert Dodsley, late an eminent Bookseller, in Pall Mall."
Gazetteer and New Daily Advertiser, Friday, Sept. 28th, 1764. "On Sunday last, died, on a visit to the Rev. Mr. Spence's at Durham, Mr. Robert Dodsley, author of ' Cleone,' ' The Toy-shop,' ' The King and the Miller of Mansfield,' and several other pieces of a moral tendency, and late an eminent Bookseller, in Pall Mall."
'Local Records and Historic Register of Remark- able Events: Northumberland and Durham,' &c., by John Sykes (Newcastle, 1833). " Sept., 1764. Died, at the Rev. Mr. Spence's in the City of Dur- ham, Mr. Robert Dodsley, one of the most eminent booksellers in London, &c. His remains, which
were interred on the 25th, lie under an altar tomb in the Cathedral church yard."
The above dates, which are corroborated in the London and Scots magazines, I think clearly show the 23rd to be the most feasible; all theother authorities I have named are practically untrustworthy. Gent. Mag., vol. xxxiv. 1764 (the same year), which ought to be correct, gives the date 25th ; vol. liii. 1783, some twenty years after, the epitaph appears, " In the abbey church at Durham," 23 September. It would be interesting to know how it was obtained, and if it is still in existence. In the old style of type it would be easy to confuse the 3's and 5's. The most inexplicable is the Harleian Society's 'Register of the Cathedral Church at Durham,' which one would think should be correct ; it gives the date as the 26th, and spells the name Doddesley, and in a foot-note the editor refers the reader to the ' D.N.B.'
The number of discrepancies in this and other works is caused Iby the habit men have of blindly following one another with a carelessness in looking into facts which is still prevalent.
CHAS. G. SMITHERS.
47, Darnley Road, Hackney.
There is a short memoir of Dodsley in the ' Imperial Dictionary of Universal Biography' (n.d. on the title-page, but probably published about 1865). In Hewitt's 'Visits to Remark- able Places,' published originally in 1841, is the following mention of him and his tomb in the cathedral yard at Durham :
" But there is one grave that arrested my steps and seized on my attention more vividly than any of them. It was the tomb of Robert Dodsley, the author of ' The Economy of Human Life,' of ' The Toyshop,' and various other works. Who in his youth has not read and reread 'The Economy of Human Life,' and faithfully held it to be the work of some holy Brahmin, as it professed to be? How many miniature copies of that little volume are there still scattered about in country houses and in the drawers of pious ladies, old and young, and of pious and poetical boys to boot ! "Vol. ii. p. 52.
The epitaph as given on p. 273 of the last volume of ' N. & Q.' is quoted, and by way of comment it is added : " His name, a single line from the 'Economy,' and the date of his death were worth a dozen of it " (p. 53). The date of the first edition of 'Visits to Remarkable Places' is 1841, and William Howitt probably saw the tomb a little before that time.
JOHN PICKFORD, M.A.
Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
HELLEQUIN AND HIS HOUSEHOLD (8 th S. xi. 108, 174, 271, 355, 430). There is an article in the current number of the Quarterly Review