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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. XL MARCH 7, 1903.

give precedence only to the sovereign. The bishop, however, as a lord spiritual, precedes the Crown officers. The lieutenant and sheriff, military officers holding the King's special commission as governors of the shire, come before an hereditary peer of the realm. The lieutenant has precedence of the sheriff, because, although the latter is the more ancient office, it is only held for a year, while the former is at the King's pleasure.

Now, will another correspondent please tear me to shreds? Perhaps it will not be difficult. JOHN HOBSON MATTHEWS.

Town Hall, Cardiff.

VILLAGE LIBRARY (9 th S. xi. 8, 91). I would certainly advise any one to avoid using " half- roan " as a cheap binding. My experience proves that it wears very badly. I invariably use dull black buckram, which 1 find to be both cheap and serviceable. For many years past my volumes of *N. & Q.' have donned this dress. JOHN T. PAGE.

West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

" TAGNICATI," ZOOLOGICAL TERM (9 th S. xi. 105). The 'Standard Dictionary' must be added to those which have admitted this word under the wrong form only, taguicati ; and there is no hint to show it comes from the Guarani language through the Port. tanicati. The ' H.E.D.' must be on its guard. H. J. D. A.

LUCK MONEY (9 th S. xi. 127). The habit of spitting on gift money for luck is very common in this locality. I have also witnessed it many times in London. May I draw attention to a reply on this subject which a question of mine elicited from the late DR. GATTY (see 7 th S. iii. 525) ?


West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

OLD PEWTER MARKS (9 th S. x. 328, 416). There is an article in Chambers s Journal for February, entitled 'Old Pewter,' by C. F. Greenland, giving some of the marks to be found on old French, German, Belgian, and English pewter. FRANCIS R. RTJSHTON.


CORNISH WRECKERS (9 th S. xi. 126). DR. SYKES'S narrative is interesting very in- teresting ; but what has it to do with Corn- wall ] This leads me to ask if any reader can bring forward a single authentic instance of Cornish wrecking. YGREC.

SMYTHIES FAMILY (9"> S. xi. 68).-Simon bmithees, of Trinity College, Cambridge, b.A. 1649, was one of the early E.I.Co.'s chap-

lains at Fort St. George. He was related by marriage to Sir Edward Winter, the Governor. I shall be glad to know what the relationship was. What was the Christian name of the Dr. Smythies mentioned ante, p. 68, and in Allen and McClure's ' History of the S.P.C.K.' 1 Was it Simon 1 The surname is variously spelt in the Company's records.

FRANK PENNY. 34, Woodville Road, Baling.

Some interesting references to the Smythies family will be found in * Recollec- tions of Life and Work, being the Auto- biography of Louisa Twining,' published by Edward Arnold in 1893. Miss Twining's mother was a Smythies, and directly de- scended from the Rev. William Smythies, born in 1630, who was morning preacher at St. Michael's, Cornhill, and curate of St. Giles's, Cripplegate. He wrote a treatise on 'The Danger of Neglecting the Sacrament,' also 'The Spirit of Meekness' and 'The Benefits of Early Piety,' printed by T. Mil- bourne, for Samuel Lee, Lombard Street, 1663. Miss Twining devotes several pages to this notable ancestor, also to the part he played in the formation of the religious societies of the seventeenth century. She refers to him not as " Dr.," but as " Mr." or " the Rev." William Smythies. His son Thomas, born in 1700 (who, by-the-by, had twenty-one children), was elected Fellow of Sidney College, Cambridge, 1727, and had the living of St. Mary Magdalen, near Col- chester, and was master of the Grammar School. Miss Twining's own grandfather, the Rev. John Smythies, also of Sidney College, Cambridge, was rector of All Saints', Colchester, and of the adjoining village of Myland. Bishop Smythies, of Zanzibar, is not directly mentioned in this book, but Miss Twining, who was "a strong believer in heredity," in writing of the three branches from which her family sprang Longcroft, Smythies, and Twining says " that all who are to be found possessing any one of them come from one stock, and are related, how- ever remotely, to those who bore their names in previous years. Not many months since a repre- sentative of each family met under one roof in London."


South Hackney.

WALE (9 th S. xi. 48, 135). The erroneous impression commonly entertained, as witness COL. PRIDEAUX'S interesting communication that Ryland the engraver's execution was the last that took place at Tyburn, may be traced to Mr. Rowland Dobie's ' History of St. Giles's,' &c. } or to Mr. Camden Pelham's