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Page:Notes and Queries - Series 9 - Volume 11.djvu/217

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Milan by sea does not, in reality, furnish a good proof of Shakespeare's connexion with Warwickshire and of his accurate knowledge of Italy. We know from the ' Life of Beatrice d'Este, Duchess of Milan,' that in the fifteenth century the usual mode of conveyance from Ferrara to Milan was by river barge. Such also was the usual mode of conveyance from Verona to Milan. The only word in the whole passage in 'The Two Gentlemen of Verona' which really conveys any notion connected with the sea is that of ' ' tide." I should much like to know whether in sixteenth-century English this word was not applied to the rising and falling of freshwater rivers in con- sequence of floods. Every one who has been at Tewkesbury knows that the eagre which is, of course, occasioned by the pressure of the tide at the mouth of the Severn not only extends for some distance up the Avon, but is also spoken of locally (and, of course, correctly) as the "tide." Is there anything in Florio's 'World of Words' which would show that the same Italian word served for " spate," " tide," and " flood " ? The question, in view of Shakespeare's accuracy, is worth discussion. Z.

SAMFREY OF BOYLE OR ROSSMOYLE. Can any one help me to the coat of arms of this Irish family 1 I fail to discover it.


DUBLIN PARISH EEGISTERS. Are the registers of births, marriages, and deaths for the city and county of Dublin still in existence; if so, where are they kept, and are they available ? FITZGERALD.

RITUAL : QUOTATION FROM GLADSTONE. I take this from the Church Times of 16 Janu- ary :

" No ritual is too much, provided it is subsidiary to the inner work of worship ; and all ritual is too much, unless it ministers to that purpose (W. E. Gladstone)."

This vague sort of citation is annoying. I shall be much obliged by a reference of a more definite character among Mr. Gladstone's many writings. WILLIAM GEORGE BLACK.

Ramoyle, Dowanhill Gardens, Glasgow.

QUARTERED ARMS. In the event of an illegitimate son receiving a confirmation or grant of his father's arms (with due differ- ence), does this include the quarterings (say twelve) as borne in the paternal coat: and if it does, are they differenced in any way '


HISTORICAL CATECHISM. A lost leaflet issued in 1886 by the Irish Unionist Asso- ciation gave extracts from an historical

atechism used some years ago in Irish

Catholic schools, which justified Queen Mary's burning of Protestants on the ground

hat burning them here prevented their

persuasions from leading many to be burnt Tereafter for ever. The existence of this listorical catechism is denied. Can you aid me to verify it ? H. B.

32, Marlboro' Road, Bradford.

HISTORICAL RIME. Can you or any of your readers give me information about an old listorical rime 1 It begins :

The Romans in England long held sway, The Saxons after them led the way, Till both of them had an overthrow, Each of them by a Norman bow.

Et goes on to describe each king and queen : Good Queen Bess was a glorious dame, And bonny King Jamie from Scotland came.

I should be very grateful if you could help me, as I cannot remember it after Queen Anne. FLORENCE E. FOSTER.

[The late MB. WILLIAM BATES, of Edgbaston, printed the rime in full at 3 rd S. v. 18. It was written by John Collins, and entitled 'The Chapter of Kings.' The concluding verse ran: Queen Ann was victorious by land and sea, And Georgy the first did with glory sway, And as Georgy the second has long been dead, Long life to the Georgy we have in his stead,

And may his son's sons to the end of the chapter All come to be Kings in their turn. Collins died in 1808.]

PAVO SEPTENTRIONIS. I should be glad of references to any early writers applying this term to Robert Neville, or to any earlier than Leland styling his younger brother "Daw Raby." J. T. F.


(9 th S. x. 427 ; xi. 31, 56.) BY raising a point in your columns upon which opinions are so divergent one has the satisfaction of "sowing beside all waters "; so that my statement as to the Steelyard in Upper Thames Street having been so named probably from the weighing beam of steel employed there is a fortunate one in having elicited a reply from so emi- nent an authority as the writer of ' London and the Kingdom.' DR. SHARPE, however, does not seem to traverse my assertion, except in regard to the material of which the steel- yard was made, for he says that the word " came to be applied to the place where the king's beam for weighing goods was used." But while one is ready to admit, as DR.