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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. XL MAKCH u, 1903.

the most practical men in all things apper- taining to printing that I know has tre- quently, in my hearing, stated his beliet that a combination of poor paper with poor ink will result in newspaper cuttings of the present day becoming practically illegible a hundred years hence HARRY HEMS.

Fair Park, Exeter.


x i (^.This tale is told of Pope Marcellinus. See Von Dollinger, 'Fables concerning the Popes in the Middle Ages.' There is a refer- ence to the story in Blackstone, book iii. chap, xx., where he alludes to a case in the

  • Year - Books,' temp. Henry VI., where the

Chancellor of Oxford claimed cognizance of an action of trespass against himself, which was disallowed, because he should not be judge in his own case. Serjeant Rolfe argued on behalf of the cognizance, and Blackstone says the argument is curious and worth transcribing. The Serjeant speaks in Norman- French and quotes Church-Latin. Said he :

" Jeo vous dirai un fable. En ascun temps fuit un pape, et avoit fait un grand offence, et le cardi- nals vindrent a luy et disoyent a luy, ' peccasti ': et il dit, ' Judica me,' et ils disoyent ' non possumus,

3uia caput es ecclesiae ; judica teipsum '; et 1'apostol it ' juaico me cremari,' et fuit combustus, et apres fuit un sainct. Et in ceo cas il fuit son juge demene, et isaint n'est pas inconvenient que un home soit juge demene."

The other story is silent as to the burning. Marcellinus is said to have lived in the time of Diocletian, and was accused of having offered incense to Jupiter. At once a council is convened, but the claim is made that only the Pope can judge the Pope. He denies his guilt, out after much testimony has been received admits the truth of the accusation. The bishops say to him, " Tu eris judex ; ex te enim danmaberis, et ex te ju.stificaberis, tamen in nostra prsesentia. Prima Sedes rion judicabitur a quoquam." Thereupon he pro- nounces his own deposition.


Brooklyn, U.S.

I cannot tell the origin of the story given by A. W., but it is evidently founded" on the fact of the self-deposition of Gregory VI. for simony. In a synod held at Sutri (1046) Gregory related the manner of his own elec- tion, and confessed he had been guilty of simony, but with the best intentions. The bishops were unwilling to pronounce sentence upon him, the legitimate Pope ; but he him- self pronounced his own condemnation, and declared that, on account of the bribery which had accompanied his election, he then re- signed the pontificate. W. T H


(9 th S. xi. 128). This is the third edition of a ** work on heraldry much appreciated in Spain," as Sefior F. de Arteaga informs us. It is described in Salva's ' Catalogo ' (Valencia, 1872), vol. ii. pp. 676-7, and was first printed in 1622.


Slang and its Analogues, Past and Present. Com- piled and edited by John S. Farmer and W. E. Henley. Vol. V. JV to Razzle-dazzle. Vol. VI. Parts I. and II. (Printed for Subscribers only.) IT is welcome, indeed, to subscribers, and to all in- terested in philology and in folk-speech, to witness the resumption of the great work on ' Slang and its Analogues ' of Mr. Farmer. Pleasanter still is it to find still associated with his name that of Mr. W. E. Henley, a brilliant writer and poet, whose colla- boration has always been regarded as a guarantee of success. Though the fact is comparatively un- known, familiarity with slang is a remarkable por- tion of Mr. Henley's equipment ; and as the volume and two parts which now appear bring the work up to slop, we are already within measurable dis- tance of completion. It is not a point of criticism, but we have personally witnessed the delight with which the reappearance of the work has been greeted. Our own latest reference to it occurs when dealing with vol. iv., 8 th S. ix. 239, where abundant testimony to its utility and the recognition awarded it in the most influential circles is to be found. In the same volume of ' N. & Q.' (see p. 345) a correspondent whose capacity and right to speak on such subjects will be conceded, MR. JAMES PLATT, Jun., certified to the justice of our comments, and spoke of it in high terms. Once more we profess our high admiration for the wide range of reading which the illustrations indicate. Under patter, in the fifth volume, we thus find quotations from ' Alliterative Poems ' (Morris, p. 15, 1. 485), circa 1360, 'Piers Plowman's Crede,' 'How the Ploughman learned his Pater- noster' (Halliwell), Tyndale, [John] Heywood's ' Godly Queene Hester,' Nashe, Roxburghe Ballads, and twenty-three other authorities up to 1897, in addition to thirty or more French synonyms. Under one word, unquotable here, thirteen columns are given,'and include examples of use from Shakespeare, Jonson, Marston, [Thomas] Hey wood, Beaumont and Fletcher, Aubrey, Etheredge, and others, down to Sir Richard Burton. French equivalents are principally from Rabelais, but the authors quoted include La Fontaine, Musset, Diderot, and BeYanger. Italian,^ German, and other synonyms are largely from Florio and the dictionary makers. It is obvious, as we have before indicated, that ' Slang and its Analogues,' Dr. Murray's great 'Oxford Dictionary,' and Prof. Joseph Wright's ' Dialect Dictionary' must constantly overlap. Though col- loquial at the outset, a word such as philander, which our editors trace to Massinger, has long won a place in literature, while philistine is accepted in a sense quite different from that recorded. Philip and Cheiney, as equivalent to " Tom, Dick, and Harry," that is, any and every one, was current