9*8. XL APRIL 11, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
LONDON, SATURDAY, APRIL 11, 190S.
CONTENTS. No. 276.
NOTES :- Harvey and Marstou, 281 A Seventeenth-Cen- tury Book Sale, 282 Oriel College, 283 William Blake- Clifford's Inn to be Sold Vanishing Redskin "Adoxy" Christmas Weather- lore " Self-ends," 285 "Yaffle " Maize, its Native Country" Kumascope " " Mammoth " "A" or "An" before " H "Gilbert's ' De Magnete' Rothschild and Waterloo, 286 Longevity, 287.
QUERIES : Hoyarsabal Collingwood ' Pinsenall" 'Adeste Fideles'" Surizian " Tradesmen's Cards and Advertisements Writing and Language of the Huns Hetherington Skulls, 287 ' Stanley,' a Novel-Talbot Gwynne J. Bradshaw Flogging and the Kennels
Elverton Street, Westminster Hadrian I. "Old Jeffery": "Prince Thames" Waugh Family, 288 Dun- calfe "In petto " Hibbins Phrase in Poem German Author "Travailler pour le Roi de Prusse "Bradford " Mother of Free Parliaments "Forty Pounds a Year in Goldsmith's Day Dates of Miniatures Poll-Books, 289.
REPLIES : Church Briefs, 289-Pre-Reformation Practices tin the Church of England, 291 Savoir Vivre Club- Villon Jewish Charm, 293 Witnessing by Signs Cecil Rhodes's Ancestors - Keats : " Sloth " Sutton Valence School, 294 Ritual: Quotation from Gladstone Arthur Henry Hallam City of the Violet Crown, 295 Quotations Hubbell Arms Anagrams Thackeray and 'Vanity Fair, ' 296 Schoolboy Literature ' Lyra Apostolica '
"The Tim Bobbin" Mona Newspaper Cuttings changing Colour "Cap" in the Hunting-Field, 297 Copper Token " Trapeza " in Russian " Rollick " Trinity Sunday Folk-lore Londoners of Charles II. 's Time" Pack," 298.
NOTES ON BOOKS : Wright's ' English Dialect Dic- tionary' 'Jewish Encyclopaedia' Lecky's 'Leaders of Public Opinion in Ireland 'Farmer and Henley's ' Slang and its Analogues ' Reviews and Magazines.
GABRIEL HARVEY AND MARSTON.
(See ante, p. 201.)
IN Marston's * Scourge of Villainy ' (Bullen's 'Marston,' iii. 304) we find the following words :
You sacred spirits, Maia's eldest sons, To you how cheerfully my poem runs ! O how my love embraceth your great worth, Which I can better think than here paint forth !
" To those that seem judiciall Perusers. " Know, I hate to affect too much obscurity and harshness, because they profit no sense. To note vices, so that no man can understand them, is as fond as the French execution in picture. Yet there are some (too many) that think nothing good that is so courteous as to come within their reach. Term- ing all satires bastard which are not palpable dark, and so rough writ that the hearing of them read would set a man's teeth on edge ; for whose un- seasoned palate I wrote the first Satire, in some places too obscure, in all places misliking me. Yet when by some scurvy chance it shall come into the late perfumed fist of judicial Torquatus (that, like some rotten stick in a troubled water, hath got a great deal of barmy froth to stick to his sides), I know he will vouchsafe it some of his new-minted epithets (as real, intrinsicate, Delphic), when in my conscience he understands not the least part of it. But from thence proceeds his judgment. Persius is
crabby, because ancient Juvenal seems to our
judgment gloomy Chaucer is hard to our under- standings ; who knows not the reason? I dare
defend my plainness against the crabbed'st satirist that ever stuttered. He that thinks worse of my rhymes than myself, I scorn him, for he cannot : he that thinks better, is a fool. So favour me, Good Opinion, as I am far from being a Suffenus. If thou perusest me with an unpartial eye, read on : if otherwise, know I neither value thee nor thy cen- sure. W. KlNSAYDER."
In this passage the "judicial peruser" especially referred to is Gabriel Harvey ; the " perfumed fist of judicial Torquatus " is also Harvey ; and that " he had got a deal of barmy froth to stick to his sides " during his late wrangling matches will not be ques- tioned. Before proving these statements I quote again from Marston, meanwhile pre- mising that it was incumbent upon Halliwell, Grosart, Bullen, and Penniman (whom see) to show that this sneer was aimed at Jonson.
At p. 375 ('Scourge of Villainy,' Satire xi.) in Bullen's ' Marston ' we find :
Come aloft. Jack ! room for a vaulting skip,
Room for Torquatus, that ne'er oped his lip
But in prate of pommado reversa,
Of the nimbling, tumbling Angelica.
Now, on my soul, his very intellect
Is nought but a curvetting sommerset. *
" Hush, hush," cries honest Philo, " peace, desist !
Dost thou not tremble, sour satirist,
Now that judicial Musus readeth thee ?
He '11 whip each line, he '11 scourge thy balladry,
Good faith he will." Philo, I prithee stay
Whilst I the humour of this dog display.
He's nought but censure ; wilt thou credit me,
He never writ one line in poesy,
But once at Athens in a theme did frame
A paradox in praise of virtue's name ;
Which still he hugs and lulls as tenderly
As cuckold Tisus his wife's bastardy ?
En passant, I would call attention for fur- ther research to "Luxurio" in the imme- diately succeeding paragraph in Marston, the
"Philo Musus" of this passage, and the
'Return from Parnassus '(parti, edited Macray, Clar. Press) of this date. From Grosart's introduction I understand there is more of Harvey in manuscript, which might be of help in this and similar inquiries. The edi- tions referred to here and elsewhere, by page, are Bullen's ' Marston,' Cunningham's three- volume edition of Gifford's 'Jonson,' and Grosart's * Harvey.'
I will endeavour to show that the affected language placed in the lips of, and used in ridicule of, Torquatus was either greatly favoured or actually introduced by Harvey. Where I have not the assistance of the 'New Eng. Diet.' I depend upon my own reading. The arguments in favour of Jonson being
- Penniman quotes thus far and stops. He refers
to a suggestion by Grosart (Earl of Somerset), nn explanatory note on pommado by Bullen, and " Halliwell does not notice this passage at all."