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9* s. XL APRIL ii. nr s.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


and ale on that day in church seems to have been a reminiscence of the bread and wine or ale that used to be provided by the church wardens for the singers of the Passion.


At the church of Witton-le-Wear, co. Dur- ham, the bell is rung after morning service.

R. B-R.

S AVOIR VIVRE CLUB (9 th S. xi. 127, 236). In making notes to illustrate engraving which are described in the 'Catalogue of Satirical Prints in the British Museum ' I came upon a description and portrait of a member of the society which bore this sug gestive name. The portrait, entitled ' The Scavoir Vivre,' is one of a numerous series of etchings, coloured by hand, and published by Mathew Darly at No. 39 in the Strand, Lon- don, c. 1770 and later, and chiefly concerned with the macaronies and their allies of that epoch. The portrait is No. 4,698 in the above- named catalogue, c. 1770, and thus dated by its publication line : " 19. Pub. by M. Darly, Strand, accor. to Act July 12th, 1772." My catalogue further describes the print as "an engraving, coloured by hand, representing a macaroni in a red coat, with bright blue cuffs, a buff waistcoat and breeches, walking rapidly towards our right, and carrying a cane over his right shoulder. He wears the macaroni bag or bunch of hair at the back of his head. Below the design a cutting from a magazine is attached to illustrate the subject : ' A Correspondent who dates from the Star and Garter, Pall-mall, informs us that a new order of Macaronies is just instituted there, under the title of The Scavoir Vivre. These gentlemen have thought fit to decorate themselves with a Uniform of Scarlet Cloth, with a Velvet Collar and Sleeves of Bleu Celeste. This Society applied one Day last Week to the College of Heralds for a Set of Arms to be made out for them, but received for Answer, that they must first be erected into a Corporation. It is feared they will not be able to carry their Point.'"

Notwithstanding diligent searches, I failed to discover the magazine from which this cutting had been taken. Doubtless it came from one of the numerous publications which, c. 1760-90, represented what we now call "society journals." The entry No. 4,698 in the catalogue here in question proceeds to refer to other entries :

"On the Scavpir Vivre Club, see 'My Lord,' No. 4,812 [which is a portrait of Charles, Viscount Petersham, son of Caroline, Countess of Harrington, born Fitzroy, concerning whom consult Walpole's | Letters ']. The Rules of this Club were published in the Macaronic, Scavoir Vivre, and Theatrical Magazine, 1772 (B.M. Press Mark) P.P. 5201. See, in the index [of that work], ' Scavoir Vivre Club.' See likewise 'The Jockey Club,' sixth edition, part i., 1792, [Press Mark] 785, c. 14, p. 71."

No. 19 indicates the position of the portrait

in M. Darly's series. In B.M. Satirical Print No. 4,701 we have an etching of this worthy's shop, No. 39, Strand, in the panes of the win- dows of which are framed satirical prints, some of which are recognizable in the vast collection of such works now preserved in the Print Room. Among the portraits of Darly's making and publishing I identified capital likenesses, including those of Darly himself, the Duke of Grafton, "Count" O'Kelly, the second Lord Holland, "Baron " Neuman (lately mentioned in ' N. & Q.' as " Baron Forchetta "), the Earl of Suffolk, George III., Leoni the pyrotechnist, some of the Bunbury family, Lord Lyttelton, Capt. Grose, Dr. Bragge the picture-dealer, the Earl of Ancrum, Theodosius Forrest (the friend of Hogarth), Mr. Thrale (the friend of Johnson), Sir Joseph Banks, Dr. Solander, General Richard Fitzpatrick (Walpole's "Mr. Richard"), Miss Catley the actress, Ensign Horneck (Goldsmith's " Captain in lace "), and others.


VILLON (9 th S. x. 303, 432, 514). No doubt the question raised as to the pronunciation of this name may be considered as settled (see p. 515 of the above volume), but it may not be uninteresting to recall the fact that 0. G. Leland, the author of the * Breitmann Ballads,' has written some lines concerning the "Ballade des 'dames du temps jadis," entitled ' Breitmann in La Sorbonne,' from which I quote a portion : Der cratest boet efer vas, Der pest I efer known, Vent lecdures here, too, shoost like me, Le Sieur Francoys Villon.

All earthly peauty fades afay, Vhere ish dem lofed ones gone ?

EDWARD LATHAM. 61, Friends' Road, E. Croydon.

JEWISH CHARM (9 th S. xi. 208).- That which your correspondent is pleased to call by this lame is a common appliance affixed to every doorpost in houses occupied by punctilious Jews. There is no superstition about it. I lave half a dozen at least. The " charm " contains simply two Hebrew sections from

he book of Deuteronomy, nicely written in

mall characters. I enclose one, minus the iin receptacle, which you are at liberty to ceep as a curiosity. It is endorsed, as usual, h the word " Shaddai " (Almighty) ex- osed to view. In this way Jews carry out he injunction, "And thou shalt write them on the doorposts of thy house, and on thy

ates. What superstition can there possibly

)e in having constantly before one's eyes the name of the Father of mankind, and asking