NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. XL MAY 9, iocs.
note " Reddit Gens' xs." opposite the closing item : " Onoratus est Balli'us de Redditum Cenc' [Censuali] ibra [penem 1 ?] recepte xs." Finally the sum total is set down, "S'm hui' Cur' xlviis. ijd"
For the next Court, held 4 Nov. same year, the sum total is vid. ; for the next, 7 Dec., 16 Elizabeth, iijs. ixd ; the next, 20 Jan., 16 Elizabeth, iijs. vid. ; 17 Feb., xviiid ; 24 March, xiid. ; 15 April, xviiid ; 12 May, ijs ; 2 June, xxid ; last day of June, ijs. ; 28 July, xiid ; 18 August, iijd. ; 7 Sept. (no sum entered); 18 Sept., iiijs. After this, which is the last on the Roll, we get :
" S'm total iijli. ixs. xid. unde fin' sect xxxiiis. viiid. ffin' homag' ijs. fin' cu'is vend' vi. Reddit' cenc' x-s. Extur* sup' ann' xiirf. Aliia p'ques xx, ixd. Inde in expens' Sen'l et Ball' ad ist xiij. Cur' venient' et existen' xxvis. viiid. P' me Will'm Battishill deput' Sen'l."
Several of the presentments are of sheep and cattle straying within the lordship ; for example :
" Ac j agn' alb p'ven 'in extur' ad tr' Joh'is Wykes, Ar. ad fFest' S'ci mich'is Arch'i ult' p't."
Such, according to Jacob's ' Law Dictionary, if cried on two market days and not claimed within a year and a day, were forfeit to the lord of the liberty. Accordingly, we read : " Ad hanc cur' j ou' inq' q' p' uen' in extur' ad tr'e Thome Kellond ad fest Invenc' S'ce Cruc' anno pjtit modo sup' ann' ac d'ne regine ad iudicat eo q'd rem' ultra ann' et diem sive calumpnia alicuis."
It is curious that, according to the record, the animals seem invariably to have chosen a feast day for their wanderings !
In the same Roll are four Courts " Man'ii Sele Burgus." For that of 9 Dec., 16 Eliza- beth, the sum is xvid ; for 17 Feb., xiid ; for 23 March, vid ; and for 15 April, vid. followed by the items
" ffin' Sect' vs. iiijd. Reddit' Cenc' iiijs. injd. Releu' uij ffin' transgressionis xd. S'm Total xv*. j.d. P' me Will'm Battishill deput' Sen'l."
In 'Excerpta Rot. Fin.,' p. 344, 1241 A.D., I find a list of manors granted to farm ("h'nda ad firraam") to Petronilla, who had been wife of Ralph de Tony, during the minority of the heir of the said Ralph. The moneys from these to be paid at Easter and Michaelmas in each year to the queen ("De qua quidem pecunia reddet d'ne Kegme, ' <fcc.). Among them is the manor of Suthtauton in Com. Devon, "pro xxxvij^' viijso/. iijdcn. ob." Though not in the above,' yet in numerous authoritative documents, such as Subsidy Rolls, Lists of Stannators, inquisitions, and legal proceedings from the thirteenth to the sixteenth centuries, South lawton is styled Ancient Demesne. For
instance, in Exchequer Cr. R. B. and A., Eliz., No. 58, it is stated that George Milford held Wykington and Tawe " of Her Majesty, as part of her manor of South Tawton, being Ancient Demesne." ETHEL LEGA-WEEKES.
RACES OF MANKIND (9 th S. xi. 169, 236). The desired information could be found in one of the following works : Deniker's ' The Races of Mankind' (Walter Scott, London, 1900), Ripley's ' The Races of Europe ' (D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1899), Haddon's ' The Study of Man ' (Bliss, Sands &, Co., London, 1898), Tylor's 'Anthropology' (D. Appleton & Co., New York, 1896), Ratzel's ' History of Man- kind,' translated by Butler and Tylor (3 vols. Macinillan, London, 1896-8). The last- named work, consisting of three quarto volumes, is expensive.
CHARLES BUNDY WILSON.
The State University of Iowa, Iowa City.
KEATS'S ' ODE TO A NIGHTINGALE ' : THE ORIGINAL MS. (9 th S. xi. 305). Keats certainly was careless with regard to spelling his printed poems prove that; but surely it is worthy of notice that, on the evidence of his printed poems at any rate, he almost invari- ably spells fairy with an e, not with an i. I say this at the risk of being classed with those who do not really know him. Mr. Buxton Forman, however, in his edition of the poems issued in 1884, claims to have printed everything as nearly as possible in accordance with what the poet wrote or meant to write, and in this edition I find faery in the 'Ode' referred to, in 'La Belle Dame ' (I hope, by the way, that Mr. Forman does not print this as Keats meant to write it, for it is not so good a version as Lord Houghton's), in title ' Faery Song ' (twice), in sonnet "When I have fears," in 'The Cap and Bells ' (which, however, has fairy once), and in the ' Song of Four Faeries' (both title and poem). All this may, of course, be acci- dental, but it certainly appears to be intentional. Does it not point to the influ- ence of Spenser ? At all events it is evidence (if allowed) that Keats's fairies were of literary origin. C. C. B.
WATSON OF BARRASBRIDGE (9 th S. ix. 388 ; x. 177, 237, 272, 351). The following entry has been found in the obituary of the 'Cey- lon Almanac' of 1825 for the year 1824: "At Kandy, Lieut. Charles Watson, Ceylon Regiment, Staff Officer of Kandy." Now Lieut. Charles Mitford Watson died in 1824. He was a staff officer, on the staff of Col. Greenwell, and, furthermore, he appears to have been stationed in "the Kandian Pro-