NOTES AND QUERIES. [9* s. XL MAY ie, 1003.
J. BKADSHAW (9 th S. xi. 288). Anything that I can say in reply to JERMYN'S query will, I fear, be unsatisfactory. The descent of the numerous branches of the Bradshaws in Lancashire, Cheshire, and Derbyshire- is most obscure, and whatever little sub- stantial light may occasionally be dis- covered has so far only served to make the darkness more visible. In the seventeenth century the John Bradshaws are numerous and complex, the Gray's Inn Register alone containing no fewer than six admissions in the first half of the century. In Lancashire there were Johns at Bradshaw Hall, Darcy Lever, Hope, and numerous other places, between whom it is difficult to distinguish.
Upon most of the Sequestration and Assessment Commissions issued by Parlia- ment during the Civil War and Common- wealth a " John Bradshaw esq." is named as one of the Commissioners for Lanca- shire, and is frequently, though I think erroneously, supposed to have been the regicide judge. The latter was a Com- missioner for Cheshire on most of the same commissions, and after 1648 is invariably described as Serjeant-at-law or Chief Justice of Chester or by some other designation which renders his identity certain, but which is entirely absent from the John Bradshaw on the Lancashire committees. That this last is the John Bradshaw after whom JBRMYN inquires can hardly be doubted. As to his identity, I strongly suspect him to be the representative of the Bradshaws of Bradshaw Hall, Bolton, in which case he would be John Bradshaw, son and heir of John by Isabel, daughter of Peter Ash ton, of Spalding, co. Lincoln. He was twenty-seven years old in 1613, succeeded his father 31 Dec., 1626, was eighty-one years of age at Dugdale's Visitation of Lancashire, 10 Sept., 1664, and died 24 Jan., 1665/6 (see ' N. & Q.,' 6 th S. x. 78). He was twice married, and left issue by both wives. I have no absolute evidence that he was a colonel in the army, but his brother Robert was cer- tainly an officer in the Parliament service, and defended Manchester against Lord Strange in 1642. His descendants at Brad- shaw Hall continued until early in the eigh- teenth century, but the male descent of the family was certainly not then extinct.
I do not think that " Mr. Bradshaw of Pennington " was the same person as John Bradshaw of Bradshaw. I am fairly well acquainted with the Pennington branch at all events, in its later descents. The repre- sentative at the date was Richard Bradshaw, fourth son of Roger Bradshaw of Aspull and
Pennington, by his third wife Ellen, daughter of John Owen, of Manchester. He inherited the manor of Pennington under his father's will in 1628, was fifty-four years of age at the Visitation of 1664, and was buried in Leigh, 24 Aug., 1685. His male line failed with his grandson in 1703, the heiress marry- ing Farrington of Werden. W. D. PINK. Lowton, Newton-ie-Willows.
The connexion of John Bradshaw with the county of Lancaster was lifelong. His family was Lancastrian, though from 1606 they resided a few miles over the border in Cheshire. In 1641 he was appointed D.L. of Lancaster by the Parliament, and in the same year he was appointed to the Com- mission of Peace for the county. In 1643, the year specially referred to, Parliament- appointed sequestrators throughout the king- dom to seize the properties of " notorious delinquents." For the county of Lancaster they were Sir Ralph Ash ton and Sir Thomas Stanley, baronets ; Ralph Ashton, of Down- ham ; Ralph Ashton, of Middleton ; Richard Shuttleworth, Alexander Rigby, John Moore, Richard Holand, Edward Butterworth, John Bradshaw, Wm. Ashurst, Geo. Dodding, Peter Egerton, Nicholas Cunliff, John Starkie, Gilbert Ireland, Thos. Birch, and Thos. Fell, esquires ; and Robert Hide, Robert Cunliff, Robert Curwen, John Newell, and John Ashurst, gentlemen. I do not think " Mr. Bradshaw of Pennington " can be identified with John Bradshaw. The Bradshaws of Pennington were a distinct family, and the representative at this period would be either Roger or his son Richard. J. H. K.
J. WARRINGTON WOOD (9 th S. xi. 308). SIR J. G. T. SINCLAIR will learn with regret that John Warrington Wood is no longer numbered amongst the living. Whilst on a visit to his native town, Warrington, Mr. Wood was seized with an illness (congestion of the lungs) which proved fatal on 26 December, 1886, at the comparatively early age of forty- seven. Contemporary with Mr. Wood were two other student-sculptors of the same name, so to avoid confusion Mr. John Wood inter- polated the "Warrington" for the sake of distinction. Mr. Wood had studied with marked success under John Gibson, and had a beautiful villa-studio in Rome ; but in 1886 he had decided to come to London, and had but recently disposed of his residence to the municipality. RICHARD LAWSON.
KEYS TO NOVELS (9 th S. viii. 505 ; ix. 118). For key to Thackeray see ' N. & Q.,' 7 th S. v. 226 ; vii. 227 ; x. 229 ; 8 th S. vii. 87, 229 ;