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9" S. XL MAY 23, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


411


they sent an organ to the International Exhibition in Hyde Park. As this obtained a prize medal, it was the beginning of much work done for England. This organ is now in the Town Hall, Northampton. Heinrich Edmund died in 1878 at the age of fifty-four, and shortly after, on the death of the sur- viving brother, the firm ceased to exist.

For further information as to the firm, its methods, and a list of the churches in Eng- land where Schulze organs are to be found, consult Grove's * A Dictionary of Music and Musicians,' vol. iii. p. 384, London, Macmillan, 1898 ; see also Otto Wangemann's 'Geschichte der Orgel und der Orgelbaukunst,' second edition, Demmin, 1881, and the same author's 'Die Orgel, ihre Geschichte und ihr Bau,' third edition, Leipzig, 1895.

CHARLES BUNDY WILSON.

State University of Iowa, Iowa City.

"BAGMAN"= COMMERCIAL TRAVELLER (9 th S. xi. 149, 232, 338). My original inquiry was for indications of the use of " bagman " in the sense of commercial traveller prior to 1800. Those afforded by respondents in 4 N. & Q.' are all of later date, if I am not mistaken. But MR. WHEELER'S view that "bugraan" is not a misprint in Goldsmith's

  • Essay on Various Clubs ' may, I think, be

borne out by a sentence interwoven in the babble referred to therein, viz : " My dear Smokeum, you know that there is no man upon the yearth for whom I have so high" An insect-destroyer in those days would naturally resort to smoke, so the appellation of " Smokeum " is in favour of classing the party referred to as a pest-destroyer, rather than a commercial traveller. Can any of your readers kindly furnish eighteenth-cen- tury instances of the use of the term " bug- man," in the sense of a man who lives by destroying bugs 1

The whole question has arisen out of a necessary challenge of this reference to Goldsmith's 'Essays,' which is cited in the 'N.E.D.' as the earliest instance of the use of the term " bagman" in thesenseof commercial traveller. Mr. Andrew Tuer in his ' Old London Street Cries' (published in 1885 by Field & Tuer) makes reference to the street cries which are to be met with in 'The Pedlars ; or, Scotch Merchants of London ' (1763), one of which is " Water for the Buggs."

ALGERNON WARREN.

At the beginning of the nineteenth century "bagman" would appear to have been a quite common designation. The class received considerable attention from Christo- pher North. He plays somewhat boisterously,


yet not unmercifully, with " a brace of Bag- men " in the discursive essay on ' Streams,' contributed to Blackwood in April, 1826, and included in the first volume of his ' Essays Critical and Imaginative,' 1865. In the same volume, p. 176, reviewing Mrs. Jameson's ' Loves of the Poets,' he writes :

" Nothing is a surer proof of genius than the choice of a subject, at once new and natural, and ' The Loves of the Poets ' is of that character. There is no such thing as chance in the spiritual world. A Bagman may find on the road a pocket-book full of bank-notes, which had nearly upset his gig, or a ditcher dig up a hoard of gold guineas ; but no blockhead ever yet stumbled upon a fine thought, either on the royal roads or byways of Imagination."

For a special description of the bagman as seen among the English Lakes in 1822, see Prof. Wilson's * Essays, Critical and Imagina- tive,' ii. 102, ed. 1856. THOMAS BAYNE.

NOTTER FAMILY (9 th S. x. 309, 478). Your correspondent asks whence the name of Notter, and it is suggested that it is either an Irish or Scotch name. The name is Ger- man. The first note I have is of Conrad Notter, Town Councillor of Herrenberg, 1560 ; Martin Notter, Town Councillor 1593- 1598; Johann Martin Notter, Burgomaster of Herrenberg, 1696 ; Johann Martin Notter, Court Town Councillor in Calw, born 1735, died 1802 ; Friedrich Jacob Notter, captain in the Wiirtemberg army, born 1777, died 1812. J. LANE NOTTER, M.A.

PENRETH (9 th S. xi. 328). MR. HALL will find this subject dealt with by Mr. G. Wat- son, in a paper entitled ' A Misappropriated Bishop,' in the Transactions of the Cumber- land and Westmorland Archaeological and Antiquarian Society, vol. xv. (1898-9), pp. 303-308. O. O. H.

MAORI LEGEND (9 th S. xi. 369). MR. HOOPER will find this in Household Words. pp. 75, 120, 129, vol. ii., 1851.

W. G. BOSWELL-STONE.

2, Bardwell Road, Oxford.

CHARACTERS IN FICTION (9 th S. xi. 347). MR. MILFORD will find Anne Elliott in ' Per- suasion,' by Jane Austen ; Ethel May in 'The Daisy Chain,' by Miss Yonge; Molly Gibson in 'Wives and Daughters,' by Mrs. Gaskell ; Violet Martindale in ' Heartsease,' by Miss Yonge. I am not acquainted with Launcelot Gibbs. HENRIETTA COLE.

96, Philbeaeh Gardens, S.W.

" OWL-LIGHT " (9 th S. xi. 349). The phrase has certainly some sort of currency, though not, as far as I am aware, a literary one. It was habitually employed by my mother