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36


NOTES AND QUERIES.


. XL JA*. 10,


viii. 192, gives a list of seventy open arable fields in the parish of Whitchurch, near Stratford-on-Avon, which bear this designa- tion. EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. 71, Brecknock Road.

Possibly the following definition of the word, taken from Miss Baker's ' Glossary of Northamptonshire Words and Phrases,' will sufficiently answer AGRICOLA'S question :

" Furlong. An indefinite number of lands, or leys, running parallel to each other if arable, lands ; if pasture, leys : when applied to new inclosures, it is only the continuation, by custom or courtesy, of the old open-field term. Sometimes it signifies an indefinite portion of a field, as 'up the uvver furlong,' i.e., up on the high part of the field."

The meaning of "furlong" as given by Wright is " The line of direction of ploughed lands ; a division of an unenclosed cornfield." JOHN T. PAGE.

West Haddon, Northamptonshire.

" TO EAT CHERRIES WITH PRINCES " (9 th S. X.

428, 470). Information on the origin of this expression may be found in Borchardt's ' Die sprichwortlichen Redensarten im deutschen Volksmunde nach Sinn und Ursprung erlau- tert,' fourth edition by Wustmann, pp. 269, 270 (Leipzig, F. A. Brockhaus, 1894). The figurative meaning seems to be that princes and those in authority make their inferiors the butt of their arrogance and ill humour. Borchardt quotes from Tunnicius the follow- ing in Low German, " Mit heren ist quat kersen eten," with the Latin hexameter, "Difficile est multum cerasis cum principe vesci," and from Neander this variant, "Mandere cum dominis suadeo non cerasa servos." From an anonymous collection of proverbs we have "Bruntz nit gegen die Sonnen," with the explanation, "Leg dich an keynen gewaltigen. In his collection of proverbs Franck unites the warning against the sun and cherry-eating: "Contra solem ne loquitor. Red nicht wieder die Sonne. Es ist gut groszer herrn miissig gehn, aber boesz mit jn kirszen zu essen, sie werffen die stil am kopf." Luther, in a translation of some fables of JSsop, quotes, in connexion with the fable about the hunt of the goat, lamb, lion, &c., the substance of the proverb about eating cherries with princes.

In the quotation from Biirger's ' Der Raub- graf made by MR. DORMER there are two errors, evidently misprints: after "an" at the end of line 4 there should be a semi- colon instead of a period, and in line 5 "Einen " should read "Einem."

CHARLES BUNDY WILSON.

State University of Iowa.


KNIGHTLEY CHARLETON (9 th S. x. 189, 231, 317). Your correspondents at the two last- mentioned references agree in stating that Thomas Knightley, alias Charleton, of Apley Castle, Shropshire, married Elizabeth, daugh- ter of Sir Adam Francis, son of Adam Francis, of London. There appears, however, some doubt as to the correctness of this. Sir Thomas Charleton, the husband of Elizabeth Francis (or Fraunceys), belonged to a branch of the Charleton family long settled in Mid- dlesex. Weever, in his ' Antient Funeral Monuments,' gives the following inscription, which he found in Edmonton Church :

" Hie jacent corpora Thome Carleton quondam domini istius ville qui obiit 21 Feb. 1447. et Elisabethe uxoris ejus filie Ade Francis militis per quam habuit dominium."

Weever does not mention any arms, but Norden states that the Charleton tomb in the old parish church of Edmonton bore upon it the family arms, viz., a chevron between three swans for Charlton, and per bend sinister, a lion rampant, for Francis.

This Sir Thomas Charleton was son and heir of Thomas Charleton, of Old Ford, in Monken Hadley, co. Middlesex, by Alice, daughter and heiress of John Cornwall (1 de Cornhull), of Willesden, and widow of Henry Frowick (d. 1385/6), of South Mimms, in the same county. His ancestor John de Charle- ton (living 1324) was a citizen and mercer of London, and in 1348 had a grant of the manor of Ickenham, co. Middlesex, for life, with remainder to Nicholas Shordiche and Juetta (daughter of John de Charleton) his wife. In 1350 Boniface Lapyn released to John de Charleton all right in those lands in the parish of Ickenham lately belonging to Robert Swalclv ve and Joan his wife. This manor of Swalcliffe (now called Swakeleys) continued in the Charleton family for over 130 years.

A few notes on the Fraunceys-Charleton descent will perhaps interest your readers. Adam Fraunceys, citizen and mercer of Lon- don, was Lord Mayor in the years 1352 and 1353. He purchased the manor of Edelmeton (Edmonton), co Middlesex, in 1370, from William, fourth Lord Say. By his will, dated 26 August, 1374, provision was made for the erection and maintenance of two chantries in St. Helen's Church, Bishopsgate, in one of which he desired to be buried. These chantries were discovered and restored in 1874 (Cox's 'Annals of St. Helen's,' P- 27). By Agnes his wife he left issue at his death in 1375 a son Adam and a daughter Matilda. Matilda was thrice married (1) to John Aubrey (d. 1380/1), of Shenley, co. Herts, son