NOTES AND QUERIES.
. XL JUNE e,
are really not an adequate recompense for the trouble involved. With regard to courtesy, one tries as far as possible to live peaceably with all men, but register-searchers are some- times a trial. I have known a man (appa- rently respectable) come at ten o'clock, accompanied by a woman, remain to lunch and until late in the afternoon, and then refuse to pay any fees. I have known another, after haggling over the fees payable, propose to search each alternate year in the books. Many of these searchers seem to be sent by others, who, if they can afford to pay the searchers, can afford to pay the guardians of the books ; and where this is the case the full legal or customary fee should be required. Every clergyman will, as a matter of course, consider the poor, but register-searchers do not come under this head, they give a great deal of trouble to the clergy, and they may fairly be called upon to pay the legal or cus- tomary fee. A VICAK.
Not only at the above references, but in numberless instances of former volumes of ' N. & Q.' this subject has been ventilated and fought out. The real truth seems to be that registers as public documents may be consulted by any person who can show a good reason for inspection ; but I should say that the clergyman has a right to be present at the time. Any extracts made are not valuable as evidence in law, unless certified by the clergyman as correct, and under Lord Campbell's Act he is entitled to a fee of 2s. 6a. for each, and he usually throws in additionally the penny stamp. Proper forms can be obtained from Messrs. Shaw & Sons. I have, however, frequently wondered how the many blanks in the marriage registers can be filled in in large towns, when, as at Manchester Cathedral, some dozen marriages are solemnized at one time. Our registers here were kept in an old wooden chest unti] the late rural dean very kindly made us a present of an iron one, which is kept in my study, and though no ornament, it is a very useful article. Some little time since two young ladies called here and wished to borrow the old registers in order to tran scribe them ; and as I supposed they were wishing to turn an honest penny, I grantee the request, though it was done in fear anc trembling lest the books should be injured for, as every one knows, the bands have often given way in such old books, and the leaves become loose. However, they did come back safely, but I entered a mental vow that under no circumstances should they again be lent. Occasionally I allow
nine to be exposed to the light and to >reathe the fresh air.
JOHN PICKFORD, M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
"TRAPEZA" IN RUSSIAN (9 th S. xi. 230, !98).
"The general plan [of churches in Russia], how- ver, is generally derived from those in monasteries,
which the refectory or hall, where the monks
- te, formerly adjoined ; here the people assembled,
ind never advanced farther when the monks were it their devotions : hence there is a division for the most part in old parish churches, in that country, which corresponds with this, and is called in the
Russian language Trapeza, a term borrowed from ,he Greek, signifying a table." ' The Rites and Ceremonies of the Greek Church in Russia,' by John
- len King (London, 1772).
HASKET DARBY. Boston, U.S.
Ph. Reiff, ' Russian-French-German-English Dictionary,' 1884, gives trapeza as follows :
"Sf. latable, 1. le manger, les mets, m. ; 2. 1'autel, m. (du sanctuaire) ; 3. le refectoire (d'un couvent) ; 4. le parvis (d'eglise).
" Der Tisch, 1. das Essen ; 2. der Altar ; 3. Speisesaal (in Klostern) ; 4. die Vorhalle (in Kir- chen).
' Table, 1. victuals, meat ; 2. altar ; 3. refectory [of convents) ; 4. church porch."
It gives also trapeznekh, cellarer, burser ; trapeznovaty, to eat, be at table. Were alms in Russia formerly dispensed in the church porch ? This would explain the origin of the word. H.
CHRISTMAS CAROLS (9 th S. xi. 309, 414). The work inquired for is probably that men- tioned at p. 50 of the index to the ' British Catalogue of Books, 1837-57,' compiled by Sampson Low (1858). It is described as ' Christmas and Christmas Carols,' published by T. B. Sharpe, 1847. J. F. R,, who wrote the preface, is no doubt John Fuller Russell. W. P. COURTNEY.
HADRIAN I. (9 th S. xi. 288, 392). It is not quite accurate to speak of a man being "elected to the Papacy " or "elected Pope." No one is elected Pope. The election is to the Bishopric of Rome. When a man, bishop, priest, or layman, is lawfully chosen as Bishop of Rome, then, at once, he becomes Pope. He is elected Bishop of Rome by ecclesiastical law, and, thus elected, he becomes Pope by Divine right. He is not Bishop of Rome because he is Pope, but he is Pope because he is Bishop of Rome. Should a layman be
1 chosen Bishop of Rome he at once possesses the power of jurisdiction, but he does not possess the power of order ; and this must be supplied before he can say mass, ordain,