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9*8. XI. JUNE 13, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


mentioned curious pamphlet are desired: 'A Treatise on the Virtues and Efficacy of the Saliva, or Fasting Spittle, being conveyed into the Intestines by eating a Crust of Bread early in the Morning fasting, in relieving the Gout, Scurvy, Gravel, Stone, Rheumatism, &c., arising from Obstructions ; also, in the Great Cures accomplished by the Fasting Spittle when externally applied to Recent Cuts, Sore Eyes, Corns, Warts, &c.'

The name of the publisher was J. Limbird, of 143, Strand. A. R. C.

REYNOLDS'S PORTRAITS OF DOMENICO AN- GELO AND HIS WIFE. Can any of your readers say what has become of the picture of Angelo, the famous riding-master of the eighteenth century, painted by Reynolds ; also of that of his wife? The latter, I understand, was sold by one Michael Angelo in 1877 to Noseda in the Strand, who resold it in 1884 to Mr. Price for 100^., at whose sale in (?) 1896 it was bought by a Mr. Home, of New York, for 800/., and is now in some museum. In what museum is it ?


EDWARD GWYNN. In a recent issue of Anglia (vol. xxv. No. 4) Prof. Albrecht Wagner records the discovery of a remark- able volume, made up entirely of quarto editions of Shakespeare and pseudo-Shake- speare plays, bearing dates between 1600 and 1619. On the back of the volume is stamped 'Plays and Pamphlets \sic\ of W. Shake- speare.' On the front cover in gilt is stamped the name "Edward Gwynn." Can some reader of * N. & Q. 1 identify this Edward Gwynn ? The l D.N.B.' does not seem to help.

C. A. H.

New York.


Elisabeth Aiscoughe (as she signs her name), or Askew, a widow of Faversham, married as his third wife Esay Spraclinge, of the same town. He was evidently one of the Thanet Spraclinges, and married his first wife Milli- cent, daughter of Edward Cray ford, of Mongeham, at St. Lawrence's Church, Rams- gate, 22 December, 1576, and this wife died in April, 1597, and is buried in Faversham Church.

Is anything known as to the parentage of Esay Spraclinge and Elisabeth Aiscoughe (or Askew), or the name of her first husband, and if there was any issue by him 1 The inventory of her household goods in 1609, when as a widow she married Esay Sprac- linge, shows that her first husband must have been a man of considerable substance. Esay

was a rich man, and three of his wives were rich widows, yet (so I am privately informed) he died very poor, and there is no monument or gravestone to him in Faversham Church. ARTHUR HUSSEY. Tankerton -on-Sea, Kent.

BIRCH-SAP WINE. Can any folk-lorist or student of old customs supply me with a list of the English "home-made wines" which are not manufactured from the juice of ber ries or other fruit? Cowslip wine, elder- flower wine, corn-poppy wine, rhubarb wine, and birch-sap wine are all to be met with in Lincolnshire, and probably in most other counties. When did the custom of making them arise ? Do Canadians make birch wine from the sap of the sugar - maple ? In 'Modern Domestic Economy,' by a lady (London, Murray, 1853), I find recipes given for parsnip wine and two kinds of elder- flower wine, with the commoner cowslip wine, but neither poppv nor birch is mentioned.

B. L. R. C.

OWL. Plutarch in his 'Life of Nicias' writes :

"Yet the same historian [Timaeus] relates that as soon as Gylippus showed himself, the Sicilians gathered about him, as birds do about an owl, and were ready to follow him wherever he pleased." Is there among the European literatures any other allusion to this behaviour of birds towards the owl 1 I do not find it in Pliny, nor in the late Dr. Romanes's scientific exposition of the 'Animal Intelligence.' To turn to Japanese literature, in a romance entitled 'Narrative of a War between the Herons and the Crows,' composed in the fifteenth century, the owl is made to express his animadversion to a messenger coming from the crows' camp asking for his succour, and censures them for crowding round and deriding him with the clapping of hands during the daytime, when he can see nothing. In some parts of the country a method of bird - catching called "owl -net" is in usage. A horned owl is posted near a stretched net, near which, in a short time, a crowd of small birds draw, as if they take pleasure in mocking him, and are caught thereby. I suppose some of your readers are quite familiar with a Japanese caricature of the owl on a cross-tree with a paper bag on his head, which originated in this scene ot the " owl-netting." KUMAGUSU MINAKATA.

Mount Nachi, Kii, Japan.

ANIMALS IN PEOPLE'S INSIDES. I have several times met with remarkable stories in the newspapers of men and women vomit- ing newts, frogs, eels, &c., which have been