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9*8. XI. JUNE 20, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


491


first very fractious and ungovernable. One day, while he is deserting his master on a slight disagreement, Avaldkites'vara brings the headgear and instructs Hiuen-Tsiang how to apply it to his correction. When the monkey, admonished by a dragon for his misconduct, returns and finds beside his master a golden head-ring of unparalleled beauty, he asks for and is given it. But no sooner did he put it on his head than it stuck thereto so closely that it was as if a natural growth from it. Thenceforward, whenever he happened to disobey his master, the latter had but to murmur a few magic words, which would instantly tighten the ring so insupportably as never to fail to correct him. By this means the warlike monkey turned a most loyal and useful servant, and accom- panied his master, in defiance of innumerable enemies and toils, to Mount Gudhrakuta, where the animal is said to have been created a living saint by the Buddha. Sie Chung- Chi in his * Wu-tsah-tsu ' (1610) expatiates on this allegory as the most edifying of all Chinese fictions, for it shows us how a simple magic ring, or a commandment, if properly applied, could turn a most turbulent monkey, or the mind, into what should be entitled to the saintship.

KUMAGUSU MlNAKATA. Mount Nachi, Kii, Japan.

"HAGIOSCOPE" OR ORIEL? (9 th S. xi. 301, 321, 375.) On the second of these words see 4 th S. v. 577 ; x. 256, 360, 412, 480, 529 ; xi. 164 ; 6 th S. iv. 252, 336 ; also, it need hardly be added, the 'N.E.D.' It will be seen that the oricula, oricilum, suggestion, or something very like it, has already been made ; but little evidence has been added to that col- lected by Hamper in Archceologia. Du Cange, s.v. lorica* writes :

" Loricula. 7rep//;?oAo9, Munimentum quod urbium obsessores ultra jactum teli sedificant, &c. Beda in libr. Reg. quaest 13. Talmlatis vel muris, rd m can- cellis, cum ad tut dam vicepominlur, vulffus Inricula- rum nomen indidit. Vide Philandrum ad lib. 7. Vitruvii c. 1."

But though this and the preceding entry Loricce murorum may have a good deal to do with the origin of oriel, they are very far from the idea of a squint.

May we have the evidence in support of oricula? Perhaps Dr. Russell Sturgis will " oblige." And may we know the name of the officious member of the Cambridge Camden Society who, unfortunately, added to our

  • I transcribe from col. 326 of part ii. of vol. ii.

of the edition of 1678, from a copy formerly belong- ing to White Kennett,


language in the 'Hints on Ecclesiastical Antiquities ' a totally unnecessary word, which is, I am told, in some cases demon- strably incorrect, and, in any case, begs the question of the use for which a squint was intended? Was the Macclesfield oriel, cited by MR. ADDY in a note ante, p. 321, really at the door of the cellar, and not rather at that of the solar?* Nothing is easier than to confuse an o with an e in a fifteenth-century MS. Perhaps some one who has access to Lord Stafford's papers will verify Hamper's reading of the word.

Q. V.

A correspondent remarks : " There is no connexion between the words aula and Hall," which is very remarkable considering the quantity of families named Hall. There was a " De Aula " in the Isle of Wight, now repre- sented by Russell. We learn from Domes- day (p. 337b) that the " Regina Eddid [Edith of the swan neck] habuit aulam " at Grant- ham, which fell by lease from the Crown to the family of Hall, deriving from Fitz William. "De Aula" merged into "atte Hall," and represents the Latin aula, a hall or prince's court, a king's palace (Ainsworth).

LYSART.

A propos of MR. ADDY'S statement that in the thirteenth century bailiffs were often clerics, I may cite a reference in Assize Roll 175 (28 Hen. III.) to " Rogeriu', Clericus, Ballivus Petronille de Tony," who at that time held the manor of S. Tawton, her son being a minor. ETHEL LEGA-WEEKES.

NEWSPAPER CUTTINGS CHANGING COLOUR (9 th S. xi. 89, 217, 297). As MR. J. M. BULLOCH is good-natured enough to say that he would be "glad to get any wrinkles from other collectors," I should like, as an "old cam- paigner" on the subject of scrap-books I have close on twenty, some made up by myself, but mostly by my elders to say a few words. Firstly, "home-made" paste, i.e., flour and water, boiled with or (prefer- ably) without alum, will not as a rule turn sour. In my possession are still two or three old scrap-books, the earliest dating back to 1850. The pictures in these books were all " stuck down " with home-made paste. How- everwhile stopping by the way to men- tion that I have the ruins of a monster "picture" scrap-book (containing thousands of cuts) which I put in hand in 1861, and in which, though the picture-scraps are hope- lessly "decrepit," the paste has never been


  • Oriels were frequent in solars ; possibly this

was what is still called an orrel in Cornwall.