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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. xi. JUNE 20, 1003.

those who have tried opium and absinthe assure me that such is the case. Scientific investigation of these phenomena would touch the disputed borderland of mind and body, the elusive point where one begins and the other ends.

I read a story, the names and references to which I have entirely forgotten, of two men, say A and B. The former talked much of his ghastly adventures at witches' Sabbaths, and wanted his friend to join him, giving him a magic pill to swallow as both lay down to rest. A took another of his pills, but B, like an 'Arabian Nights ' hero, merely feigned to do so, lay awake, and awaited results. All through the night A tossed and muttered incoherently, his body strangely contorted. In the morning he awoke, full of tales about "our head goat" and his apocryphal welcome of B as a recruit. The latter, an earnest- minded man, persuaded his friend to give up such dangerous folly, and turn his attention to higher things. History, perhaps wisely, omits to state the ingredients of the pills. FRANCIS P. MARCHANT.

Brixton Hill.

Surely it is somewhat paradoxical not to say antiphrastic to assert that a person who believes himself to be dead is neither hal- lucinated nor insane. Similar "alterations of personality " are lucidly discussed, chiefly from the hypnotic point of view, in an interesting book by Binet, though, so far as my memory serves me, a case of corporeal existence in a quasi-materialistic spiritual world is not explicitly described. A recently published work by Myers may contain some information on the question. J. DORMER.

CRAKANTHORP, BY WORDSWORTH: "VILDE- SON " (9 th S. xi. 469). I find that the church at Willesdon, belonging to St. Paul's Cathe- dral, was dedicated to the B.V.M., and had a rood-beam, as was usual, bearing a great cross, with figures of the Blessed Virgin and St. John ; a red banner with her " icon " "de auripelle," and also two large carved images of her, "due magne iconee et sculpte de beata Virgine." The late Canon Sparrow Simpson, however, says nothing of pilgrim- ages, Camd. Soc., N.S., liii. 3, Iv. 59. Never- theless, the pilgrimage to Willesdon was well known, and is often mentioned by Fox ; see Thome's 'Environs of London,' 1876, p. 698.

W. C. B.

RACES OF MANKIND (9 th S. xi. 169, 236, 372). Other works that might be consulted are : ' The Human Species,' by A. de Quatrefages (Kegan Paul, 1879, ch. xxx., 'Anatomical Characters ') ; ' The Races of Man,' from the

German of Oscar Peschel (H. S. King & Co., 1876) ; The Races of the Old World,' by Chas. L. Brace (Murray, 1863) ; * The Races of Man,' by Charles Pickering (Bohn, 1850) ; ' Races and Peoples,' by D. G. Brinton (Hodges, 1891); * The Nat. Hist, of the Human Species,' by Lieut. -Col. Chas. Hamilton Smith, K.H. (Lizars, 1848); 'The Races of Men,' by Robert Knox, M.D. (Renshaw, 1862) ; ' His- toire des Races Humaines d'Europe,' par M. P. A. F. Gerard ; ' Les Premiers Habi- tants de 1'Europe,' par H. D'Arbois de Jubain- ville, 1877, &c. J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

" HUGELY" (9 th S. xi. 389). The word is old, as appears from the following references :

"And therefore it will not be amiss, but it is hugely necessary," &c. Jeremy Taylor, the Epistle Dedicatory of 'Holy Dying.'

" And that man is hugely in love with sin." Ibid., ' Holy Dying,' sect. ix. par. 6.


ORIGIN OF THE TURNBULLS (9 th S. xi. 109, 233, 329). An early instance of this name, applied to a horse and not to a man, occurs in the will of Thomas de la Mare, Canon of York, 26 September, 1358, who leaves to one of his kindred "equum meum vocatum Turne- bull" (Surtees Soc. Publ., iv. 69). Is this merely jocular, or a reminiscence of bull- fighting? W. C. B.

THE Music TO MRS. HEMANS'S SONGS (9 th S. xi. 366). Though this heading is misleading, yet one is obliged to use it for convenience of reference. It may be worth noting that Mrs. Robert Arkwright, of Stoke Hall, alluded to in the Derby Mercury of 25 March, also set to music the song ' The Pirate's Farewell.' It is thus referred to by Sir Walter Scott in a note upon 'The Pirate' (chap, xxiii.) :

" I cannot suppress the pride of saying that these lines have been beautifully set to music by Mrs. Arkwright, Derbyshire."

The song is supposed to be sung by the pirate Cleveland as a serenade beneath the window of the sisters Minna and Brenda at Burgh- Westra. The novel was originally published in 1822. JOHN PICKFORD, M.A.


The Gentleman s Magazine Library. Edited by Geo. Laurence Gomme. English Topography. Part XIV. Worcestershire Yorkshire. Edited bv F. A. Milne. (Stock.)

MR. GOMME has at length completed his valuable county colle3tions, as far as England is concerned, with the exception of the volume or volumes, to which we are anxiously looking forward, that will