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9*8. XL JUNE 27, 1903.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


617


After reading the query I wrote to the Rev. T. Vere Bayne, of Christ Church, ex-senior Censor. His reply, dated Christ Church, 7 June, 1903, says:

" The portrait of Wesley in our Hall is by Rora- ney, and he speaks of it with approval himself ; see Tyerman's ' Life of John Wesley,' vol. iii. p. 565 ; and an engraving of this portrait is just before the title-page of vol. i."

ROBERT PIERPOINT.

This was in the third Exhibition of National Portraits, 13 April, 1868, at South Kensington Museum, described as follows :

" Rev. John Wesley. Bust to 1. ; clerical dress. Canvas, 30 x 25 in. By George Romney. Lent by Rev. G. Stringer Rowe."

ADRIAN WHEELER.

JAPANESE MONKEYS (9 th S. xi. 9, 76, 430). In my article, ante, p. 431, North Indian Notes and Queries should be Panjab Notes and Queries; and in the foot-note on the same page, for "In a Chinese itinerary of the fifteenth century, ' Hai-wai-hien-wan-luh,' " read "In Hwang Sing-Tsang's 'Si-yang-chau- kung-tien-luh,' 1520."

KUMAGUSU MlNAKATA.

"NOTHING" (9 th S. xi. 166, 333, 395, 452). I think that all that is wanting to the riddle quoted by MR. PAGE is the third line,

That which contented men desire, the line

The poor possess, the rich require, being the fourth. C. L. S.

THE JANSENIST CRUCIFIX (9 th S. xi. 427). I have always heard that the Jansenists adopted that form of the crucifix in which the Crucified is represented with His arms stretched almost straight above His head to symbolize their doctrine of Particular Redemption i.e., the doctrine that Christ did not die for all men, but only for the elect. The Catholic crucifix at any rate at the present day has the arms extended wide to symbolize Universal Redemption. JOHN B. WAINEWRIGHT.

M Julien Vinson, Bascophile, once showec me in his room at Paris three Jansemst crucifixes. They differ from those ot the usual Roman type in that the hands are placed much nearer together on the cross, so that the Lord's body forms a Y rather than a T A Bask priest said to me that the makers of such images seemed to think that Jesus wished to embrace as few


This symbol differs from that usually seen in the arms being extended straight above the head (the wrists beine m a line), and


not extended. The word "dresses," given in ST. SWITHIN'S quotation, means erect, and etroit," close, which describes the position exactly. ANDREW OLIVER.

The late Rev. Frederick Lee, D.D., vicar

of All Saints', Lambeth, in his ' Glossary of

liturgical and Ecclesiastical Terms' (London,

877), gives the following description of a

Fansenist crucifix :

A crucifix in which the arms of our Lord are not extended at right angles with His sacred body, )ut are contractedly suspended from the cross-beam parallel with the upright portion of the cross. The symbolism of the outstretched arms is that Christ died for all men, that of the Jansenist crucifix that hrist died only for the elect."

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. 71, Brecknock Road.

OWL (9 th S. xi. 467). In his 'Parlement of Foules,' 1. 343, Chaucer alludes to "The oule, eek, that of dethe the bode bringeth"; and in 1. 346 he mentions " the scorning lay," i.e., jay. On the latter line Mr. Jephson has this note :

"Applied to the jay, probably, because it follows and seems to mock at the owl, whenever the latter is so unfortunate as to be caught abroad in the day- light; for this reason, a trap for jays is always baited with a live owl."

Again, in 'The Squire's Tale,' 11. 648-50, Chaucer mentions, amongst other false birds, the owls, and says that beside them, in scorn, were painted " pyes," i.e., magpies, in order " to cry out upon the owls and chide them."

See also, in particular, the thirteenth- century poem entitled 'The Owl and the Nightingale,' from which long extracts are given at pp. 171-93 of Morris's 'Specimens of Early English.'

The owl, according to Hamlet, was a baker's daughter : but that is another story.

WALTER W. SKEAT.

The mobbing of owls by other birds when they appear abroad in the daytime is alluded to 'in one of Gay's 'Fables,' part i., 1726, Fable xli., 'The Owl and the Farmer.'

" Somerset. And he that will not fight for such a

Go home to bed, and like the owl by day, If he arise, be mock'd and wonder'd at. .

Shakespeare, '3 Henry VI.,' V. iv.

" Had this fowl come forth in the daytime, how had all the little birds nocked wondering about her, to see her uncouth visage, to hear her untuned notes. "-Joseph Hall's l Occasional Meditations.

"That small birds, generally speaking, have a ereat dislike to owls is clear from the uproar that takes place if an unfortunate owl is disturbed m the daytime, and compelled to appear in broad day- light pursued, as it is sure to be, by a host ot them, who 'persecute it by every means in their power.