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9* 8. XL JAK. 24, 1908.] NOTES AND QUERIES.


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not come home until late in the gloaming, to her mother's great distress. But, for the sake of verity, I may point out that there is a parish boundary between the statement made by MR. BAYNE that David Fenwick succeeded D. Brewster as minister of Kilmany and the fact that he did not. Mr. Fenwick's charge was that of the adjoining parish of Logie, which he held from 1874 until his death last year. It is ill gleaning after my old fellow-student, I know, but then he has good Homer with him, for they say he too sometimes nodded. J. L. ANDERSON.

" THE MAN IN THE STREET " (9 th S. X. 107).-

The following has some similarity to the phrase :

" The proverbial wisdom of the populace in the streets, on the roads, and in the markets, instructs the ear of him who studies man more fully than a thousand rules ostentatiously arranged. Lavater's 'Aphorisms.' "

It appears on the title-page of a little book called ' Proverbs ; or, the Manual of Wisdom ' (second edition, London, printed for Tabart & Co., 1804). I have no present opportunity of referring to the ' Aphorisms.'

ROBERT PIERPOINT.

OLD CONDUITS OF LONDON (9 th S. x. 421). In the course of excavations for the forma- tion of the new Copthall Avenue in London Wall, I obtained two examples of the old wooden water-pipe, made of elm, from the bed of the then still-flowing Wallbrook, and at some trouble brought them home as illus- trations of the manner in which their junc- ture was effected, i.e., by the wedging of the tapered end of one into the socket of the next. But they must have been mistaken for Yule logs, for upon looking for them two years after, I found they had disappeared. I think other local museums than that of the City have examples preserved, so that there is little fear of their being insufficiently represented. MR. RUTTON, however, in his valuable paper, rightly observes that the time must come when no more will be found, and I well remember in the case of the ex- cavations at Copthall Avenue, when large numbers were turned up, the indifference of those who one would have thought should have been concerned as to the preservation of even one of the many that the workmen had to displace for the foundations of the new houses, none of which, however, had the in- iaid ring of metal as described in the Builder. The conduit-house erected by Gilbert de Sandford at Craven Hill remained in an altered and rebuilt form, says the City Press

No. 3025), until 1820, and Cunningham


says that two of the original springs on Graven Hill were covered in as late as 1849. There is an interesting view of the stone round-house which marked the site of the Bayswater conduit in the Gentleman's Maga- zine of April, 1798. This differs from Smith's ngraving only in the fact of the large tree in front not then having been cut down, while a still more valuable view is given in Theleme, the West London Sketcher, of 1 December, 1888, copied from an old print, in which the rise of the spring is indicated at some distance from the " conduit" itself.

The Sandford conduit conferred its benefits like the modern "Tube "at various tages on the way to the City, Part of the great main pipe of lead which conveyed the water from Bayswater to the City conduits was discovered during the repavement of the Strand in June, 1765. This main pipe con- ducted the water from Tyburn to St. James's Hill (now Constitution Hill), thence to the Mews at Charing Cross, and thence through the Strand and Fleet Street to Cheapside. "Oliver Cromwell's Conduit," in Park Street, was probably so named from the Protector's connexion with this part of the fortifications drawn round the City and suburbs in 1643. (See Maitland's * London,' 1739, p. 719 ; and Lysons's ' Environs,' iv. 622.) This *' Oliver's Mount," consisting of four bastions com- manding the ascent and the adjacent fields, no doubt gave their names to Mount Street and the "Mount" Coffee-house in Brook Street \ and contemporarily " Oliver Crom- well" was the sign of what was afterwards the " Rose and Crown " in Knightsbridge. The conduit in the ward of Chepe is men- tioned as early as 1278 in the Coroner's Roll of that year, forty-two years after the grant- ing of the springs by Sandford to the citizens of London, and about the same time an item in the accounts of Andrew Horn (chamber- lain of the Guildhall) is " for cleansing and repairing the springs "i.e., those at Tyburn for the Great Conduit in Chepe. (See Riley's

  • Memorials.') As late as 1795 the houses in

Bond Street standing on the City lands were supplied by the Bayswater conduit. About the year 1877 a resident in Conduit Street, observing that bad smells, producing ill health, frequently arose from the lower part of the premises, caused the stairs, which were rather rotten and dangerous, to be pulled up, when it was found that a stream of water (far from pure, and supposed to come from Westbourne Park) ran under the house. This was no doubt the conduit of water from which Conduit Street, built in 1718 was named. On 7 March, 1666, a lease of the