. v. JAN. 6, 1900.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
apprentice's earthen Christmas-box, and of analogous objects being in use among the (pagan) Romans. See Fosbrooke's 'Encyclo- pedia of Antiquities,' p. 290, and the Journal of the British Archaeological Association, vol. xxx. pp. 443, 444.
In the Northern dialect a benefit or friendly society is called a " box," because of the box in which the funds are collected, and the annual festival of such a society is called a " box dinner." J. H. MAcMiCHAEL.
"THE APPEARANCE " = ELECTORAL NOMINA- TION (9 th S. iv. 496). Surely " appearance " in the sentence is equivalent to " show of hands." J. D.
POLKINGHORN (9 th S. iv. 108, 214, 311, 461). In reply to MR. HARRISON, Kinghorn is a most uncommon name in Cornwall. Dr. Bannister's 'Glossary 'of some 20,000 Cornish names a fairly complete list it must be admitted does not give it. I have noted since my last communication that, besides the Polkinghorns in Gwinear, there is one in Perranarworthal, and also downs of that name near Gulval. Treganhorne in St. Erth, and Linkinhorne (Lan Tigherne according to the Rev. S. Baring-Gould), a parish in East Cornwall, are similar in their endings.
J. HAMBLEY ROWE.
SWANSEA : ITS DERIVATION (9 th S. i. 43, 98, 148, 194, 370, 433, 496; iii. 470; iv. 37, 110, 230, 407). I venture the opinion that COL. MORGAN, in his last note, has lamentably failed to disprove the arguments or facts in the previous reference. One may be pardoned for being a little surprised at this, because, had he confidence in his theory, or a wish for it to carry any weight, he ought to have proved, step by step, the fallacy, if it existed, of the statements upon which my charge against his hypothesis was based. It is, however, clear it would be a waste of valuable space to continue the subject until at least the COLONEL has properly arranged his forces, if in existence, fairly to meet, if not de- molish, in detail and wholly, what has been placed in opposition to him. Until he does so I am entitled to deduce from his last reply that he has a very weak case, the more so when he takes upon himself to assert that I made statements which have no foundation in fact, and generally unintentionally no doubt distorts what I did write. A few illustrations will suffice. I did not say anything so stupid as that the " castle of Llangennith " was " omitted from the list because it belonged to the De la Mares," but clearly proved that the fact of
this castle being named as belonging to this family was a sufficient demonstration of its having existed. Again, the COLONEL asserts that I " now admit that Senghenyd in the sixteenth century was mulcted of its penul- timate." I never denied or admitted any- thing of the kind, but, on the contrary, specially named this as his " conclusion." I did not write anything disclosing a "diffi- culty" with regard to Prince Llewelyn, &c. The difficulty, if it exists, must rest with the COLONEL, if he says Breos gave the castle to Llewelyn. Then he has much to clear up in Caradoc's history of the transaction, not to mention anything else. One example : "Prince Llewelyn was too good-natured to reject his (Bruce's) submission, and so did not only receive him to his favour, but bestowed upon him also the castle of Senghennyth." How this passage becomes " intelligible " to the COLONEL by making De Breos bestow the castle on the prince passes my comprehen- sion, and will doubtless be read with con- siderable surprise. I cannot help observing it would have been to the purpose had the COLONEL confined his attention more to what was written than to what I did not say or " think." The latter would be difficult for even a professional thought-reader to divine. I need only add I do not intend reverting to the subject till the COLONEL has categorically disposed of what has been written at 9 th S. iv. 230 by me. ALFRED CHAS. JONAS.
SHEPHERDESS WALK (9 th S. iv. 306, 424). MR. M. L. BRESLAR is mistaken, and MR. J. W. M. GIBBS perfectly accurate in his re- collections. When I was a schoolboy resident in High Street, Islington, in the late forties, Shepherdess Walk and Shepherdess Fields were very much in evidence. We certainly never called them "Shepherd's" (I have known " Shepheard's " since then at Cairo). The correct name seems to stick to the locality. The current number of the 'Post Office Guide,' for instance, defines the place as " Shepherdess Walk, Hoxton, N."
Fair Park, Exeter.
HAWKWOOD (9 th S. iv. 454). In thanking MR. I. C. GOULD for his kind communication, I may be permitted to mention that I was fully acquainted with the statement that the tradition of Sir John Hawk wood, whom contemporary writers call Aucud or Agutus, having been a tailor probably originated in Italy from a corruption of his name, which Matteo Villani spells Gianni della Guglia ("John of the Needle"). However, I beg to direct attention to what Henry Hallam has