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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. FEB. 15, 1902.

given for Ireland assimilates very closely to that of King Richard (II.), being a white hart issuing from the portal of a golden castle." King Richard made two visits to Ireland during his short reign ; whether he left the above badge as a legacy to the Irish to gain their favour I am unable to find out. Accord- ing to MS. Harleian No. 304 the following are the arms of Ireland : Gules, a castell argent, a hart issuing out of the gat in his prop, colour, horned gold. The oval seal of Queen Eleanor, wife of King Edward I, has upon it a figure representing herself, with a castle (with the hart) and lion on each side, which refer to the arms of the kingdom of Castile. The war-cry of " Farrah ! Farrah ! " was probably a general one amongst the Irish chiefs in battle, as I cannot find that it appertained to any special family or sept. JOHN RADCLIFFE.

  • LIFE,' BY MRS. BARBAULD (9 th S. ix. 67).

MR. G. SHELDON will find this poem in Palgrave's 'Golden Treasury,' Crawford's 'Lyrical Verse' (1896), Mowbray Morris's 'Poet's Walk,' and 'The Oxford Book of English Verse.' G. A. M.

Respecting the query concerning Mrs. Bar- bauld's poem on ' Life,' it may not be without interest to some readers of ' N. & Q.' to know that in the ' Golden Treasury ' F. T. Palgrave gives the first four and the last eight lines of the poem, without any title or headline ; that Dr. Charles Mackay, in 'A Thousand and One Gems,' gives under the heading 'Life' only the last eight; and that Mr. Quiller-Couch, in ' The pxford Book of Eng- lish Verse,' published in the beginning of last year, gives the entire poem, headed ' Life,' which contains altogether thirty lines.


Your correspondent will find these lines by

Mrs. Barbauld at p. 215 of 'Lyra Elegan-

tiarum ' (Moxon, 1867) [p. 211 of the modern

edition in Ward & Lock's " Minerva Library "].


A POSSIBLE GLOUCESTERSHIRE ORIGIN FOR GEOFFREY CHAUCER (8 th S. xii. 341, 449). Sir Patricius de Chaurse, or Chaworth, is the subject of three Wiltshire Inquisitiones post mortem of 42 Henry III. (1258), as owning land, &c., in the vill of Stepillavinthon the manor of Berewik, and half a knight's fee both in Standene and Hokhull. The great- grandfather of Chaucer's two patronesses blanche, Duchess of Lancaster, and Elizabeth Duchess of Clarence is styled indifferently throughout the above Patricius de Cadurcis, Patricius de Chawrtes, and Patricius de

Jhawrces. In the manor of Berewik one Agnes de Chawrces holds half a virgate of .and freely for term of her life, and pays therefor per annum 4s. A. R. BAYLEY.

" WAGE "= WAGES (9 th S. viii. 404, 508). It is safe to say that this word was never used in the singular number by operatives ; and the old dramatists, if my memory does not deceive me, always adopted the plural form. In the comic opera of * The Maid of the Mill,' Ralph, in throwing up his service, sings to the miller :

Henceforward take care of your matters who will ; They are welcome to slave for your wages who

need 'em.

Fol lol de rol lol, I have purchas'd my freedom, And never hereafter shall work at the mill.

The chorus of the ' Servants' Medley ' in ' Love in a Village ' is : My masters and mistresses, hither repair ; What servants you want you '11 find in our fair ; Men and maids fit for all sorts of stations there be ; And as for the wages we shan't disagree.

I cannot locate the following couplet : Ten pounds a year my standing wages, With beans and bacon and cabbages.

It occurs in one of the old classical dramas.

B. D. MOSELEY. Burslem.

RANULPH, EARL OF CHESTER (9 th S. viii. 404; ix. 112). The date of the document referred to by O. O. H. is c. A.D. 1218. It was confirmed by Prince Edward 27 August (1265), 49 Hen. III., and was again confirmed by him (Edward I.) 30 March, 1300, in the twenty-eighth year of his reign. The charter is set forth at large by Leycester, 'Antiq. Ches.,' p. 107, from which it has been repro- duced in a ' Pedigree of Lord Massy from 876 to 1782,' printed in Dublin in 1890 "for private circulation only." Peter Leicester's 'Historical Antiquities' was published in London in 1673. GEO. S. GARY.

Laurel Lodge, Terenure, co. Dublin.

ROYAL ANTEDILUVIAN ORDER OF BUFFALOES (9 th S. viii. 524). Many books have been recently published descriptive of the rules, rites, and ceremonies of this good old society. In the Catalogue of the British Museum Library may be found the names of seven works upon this subject. As the earliest of these publications is dated 1893, there would hardly, I should say, be much difficulty in procuring a copy of a text-book relative to "initiation," &c. However, I would like, if the Editor of ' N. & Q.' could spare enough "elbow-room," to draw attention to what is probably the earliest printed record of