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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. MARCH s, 1902.

The name is undoubtedly Welsh, and musl at an earlier period have been "Briamail. 5 It should be remarked that Western Glou cestershire, historically considered, is more Welsh than English.

JOHN .HOBSON MATTHEWS. Town Hall, Cardiff.

He was not a Norman, but a Welshman His father was Lumarch and his grandfather Tydwr. As son of Lumarch he tests severa" charters (as the grant of Llowes to Bishop Oudoceus) about the beginning of the seventh century, some four hundred years before the Normans came. Briavail's daughter Cenedlon married Arthfaiel ap Ithel, King of Gwent. The whole history of the family to which he belonged is one of singular interest, because it is almost the only family of country squires or petty chieftains of those early days of which we have notices of some six generations, and what adds to the interest is that they were earnest agents in founding the Christian Church in Mon- mouthshire, for there they seem chiefly to have lived, though Briavail's activity was extended to Gloucestershire and Radnor- shire. One of Briavail's nephews gave l r sk to St. Cadoc, and another, who seems to have lived in Llansoy, gave a large gift to the Bishop of Llandaff down in Glamorganshire, apparently, anyhow, not of his own property, but bought to give. This man Brychan had a son Dingad, who is called St. Dingad and founded Dingestow near Monmouth, and his son again, St. Gwytherine, founded Llan- vetherine in North Monmouthshire.

TITOS. WILLIAMS. Aston Clinton.

ANCIENT BOATS (9 th S. viii. 366, 407, 507 ; ix. 31). The following appeared in the Morn- ing Leader of 31 December, 1901 :

"An ancient Irish corrack, or canoe boat, has been discovered by workmen employed turf-cutting m a bog near Tuam, and the find is to be dispatched to-morrow ma Limerick to be placed in a royal museum at Dublin. The corrack. which is in a good state of preservation, was found several feet below the surface. It measures 52 ft. long, and the Great Southern and Western Railway Company have provided a special double compartment for its conveyance to Dublin, where it will be placed among the other Celtic relics in the museum."


Richmond, Surrey.

TINTAGEL (8 th S. i. 434). A correspondent at this reference asks whether this word and rintageux in Sark have the same meaning whether that meaning is "the Devil's Castle " and whether the word is in both cases of Celtic origin. These queries have not, I

believe, been answered. Borrow, in 'Wild Wales,' says that Tintagel means " ' the house in the gill of the hill,' a term admirably de- scriptive of the situation of the building," and scouts the idea that it means " the castle of guile, as the learned have said it does." According to his derivation, the first part of the word, therefore, is the Welsh t y=a house (old Welsh tig, Greek reyos) combined with the preposition yn=in. But according to Mr. Ward ('Thorough Guide to North Devon and North Cornwall') Tintagel is a corruption of Dundagel, and means "the impregnable hill fort." Which is, or is either, correct? J. P. LEWIS.

LADY MARY TUDOR (9 th S. viii. 484 ; ix. 72). "The Peerage of England. Second edition. London, 1710. Printed by G. F. for Abel Roper arid Arthur Collins, at the Black-Boy in Fleet-street," has the following on p. 27 :

"A daughter of K. Charles II. by Mrs. Mary Davis. Mary, surnam'd Tudor, born 1673 (was brought up under the Government and Tuition of Anne Countess Marshal, Wife of the Earl-Marshal of Scotland) ; to whom the King gave the Surname of Tudor ; married Francis Lord Ratcliff, at that time, Son and Heir to Francis, Earl of Derwent- water, whom he succeeded in the Earldom."

A reference in the margin is made to Der- wentwater, under which heading on p. 332 we find :

" To him succeeded Francis, his Son and Heir, anno 1696, who, in his Father's Life, married the Lady Mary Tudor, Natural Daughter of King Charles II. (begotten on the Body of Mrs. Mary Davis) by whom he had Issue, James Lord Rat- cliffe, son and Heir, now Earl of Derwentwater, born 1695."



" OMNEITY " : " OMNIETY " (9 th S. ix. 127). I find " Omneity, the allness, or all being of a thing," in the * English Dictionary,' by " E. Coles, School Master and Teacher of Tongue of Foreigners," London, 1692. Dr. John Ash, in his ' Dictionary of the English Language,' 1776, says it is derived from the Latin omnis, all, the state of containing all things.

EVERARD HOME COLEMAN. 71, Brecknock Road.

" OLIVER" (9 th S. ix. 127). There is a serial story now running through the Quiver,

n titled 'Nebo^the Nailer,' by the Rev. S. Baring-Gould, in which reference is con-

inually being made to what the writer calls

the " ollifer." The mechanism of the instru- ment is fully described, but whether the letails given of the invention are fiction or ! act I am unable to say. JOHN T. PAGE.

West Haddon, Northamptonshire.