NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. MARCH 29, 1902.
Mr. Warner states that " there was . never any definite grant of arms to Winchester as there was to Eton, and therefore there is no absolute authority on the subject"; but he prefaces his remarks on the college arms (of which he gives a drawing at the head of the appendix, showing the shield encircled by the motto of the Garter, and, beneath, the college motto, " Manners makyth man ") by the following quotation from Guillim's * Dis- play of Heraldry':
"These arms pertain to the Colledge of Winches- ter, founded by the renowned Architect, William Wickham, Bishop of Winchester, who contrived those many and curious Castles and other Buildings of King Edward the Third's. And besides this goodly Colledge of Winton, built another magnifi- cent Colledge (called the Neiv Colledge) in the University of Oxford ; two such absolute Founda- tions, as never any King of this Land did the like." But the arms referred to by Guillim, Mr. Warner says, are not those which he depicts at the head of the appendix, which are taken from the Long Roll already mentioned.
It is a pity that Mr. Warner did not de- scribe, heraldically, the arms which Guillim did attribute to Winchester College, and I am sorry that I have no means here of finding put what they were, as my copy of Guillim is "at home." But Mr. Warner gives some clue as to what those arms were when he states that " Guillim confused the arms with those of Magdalen College, Oxford, founded by the Wykehamical Bishop, Waynflete, and originally called Winchester College, Oxford." If I remember rightly (but here again I have no means of testing the accuracy of my memory), the arms of Magdalen College, Oxford, do contain lilies of some kind. If this be so, and these arms of lilies were given by Guillim as those of Winchester College, it may be that Dr. Woodward has relied upon Guillim for his authority for the statement which I have called in question. My ques- tion, then, involves another Whence did Guillim obtain his authority for imputing these arms to Winchester College; or was he merely confusing them with those of Magdalen College, Oxford, as Mr. Warner believes ? J. S. UDAL, F.S.A.
ST. MARGARET'S CHURCH AND WEST- MINSTER BENEFACTORS.
(Continued from p. 182.)
ON the north wall of the church, about a fourth of the length from the west end, will be seen the monument to the memory of Thomas Arneway, who, to quote again from the extremely useful and valuable vestry report of 1890,
"by his will dated 2nd Oct., 1603, after giving certain legacies, left all his goods, ready money, and chattels of what nature or kind soever, to be converted into money, as well as considerable real estate to be let for the greatest rent possible without racking the same, the proceeds to be lent to honest young men, being occupiers or traders within the City of Westminster, in sums not exceeding 50?., for one or two years at the most, at the rate of five pounds in the hundred."
From time to time changes were made, and in 1703 "a commission of charitable uses held an inquisition into the affairs of this bequest," and it was found that in 1676 the "stock arising from rents and interests on loans amounted to 1,347^."; and also, on going further into the matter, it was discovered that "from that time to the year 1700 the successive trustees received the rents of the charity houses and the interest of the charity money, and applied the said interest to their own use." This was stated to be an appalling result of the inquiry, and no wonder it has been put upon record that "on the ground of this inquisition the commission made
a decree, dated 16th April, whereby
they ordered that 3 per cent., being half the then usual rate of interest, should in future be charged." They also ordered, as was clearly within their right, that " certain sums, amounting in all to 1,490/. 3s. 6|d, which had been misappropriated, should be refunded," and thenceforward to 1790 the accounts were well and honestly kept ; but, from a variety of causes, heavy losses were incurred, although the stock was kept up and increased by judicious investments. There was a disagreement between the treasurer and one of the trustees in 1806, and their meetings ceased, and from 1797 to 1812 no loans were granted. Suggestions were made that the " charity would be rendered more beneficial if the trustees were author- ized to increase the amount of loan, and if the benefit of the charity were extended beyond the two parishes." These suggested improvements were ultimately carried out, the Court of Chancery, in 1856, ordering that the scope of the fund should be extended to the whole of the " City " of Westminster, and the amount of loan increased to 1001. A further enlargement of its operation was ordered in 1875, so as to include the area of the metropolis
" as defined by the Metropolis Local Management Act, 1855 ; but preference is given to residents within the City and Liberty, and sums of not less than 50/., and not more than 200^., are now advanced at 3 per cent, to poor occupiers and traders, repay- ment being secured by the bond of the borrower and two substantial householders, or by mortgage."