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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. APRIL 12, 1902.

27 January, and St. Anthony of Padua, a famous thirteenth - century Portuguese preacher belonging to the Franciscan (Jsder. The latter's day is kept upon 13 June. Husenbeth, in his 'Emblems of Saints, says the latter is illustrated in ancient eccle- siastical art under nineteen different circum- stances, and records that both Callot and Salvator Rosa have pictured him preaching to fishes. Further, it seems he not only preached to them, but caught them too, for Velasquez is also quoted as representing him with a net, whilst a small boy stands handy with fish upon a plate. The earlier St. Anthony is never shown with fishes, but often in company with a favourite pig, some- times two one on each side of him !

HARRY HEMS. Fair Park, Exeter.

MOLYNEUX (9 th S. ix. 148). The late Rev. Capel Molyneux was a very able preacher, whom I remember at Woolwich about 1836; but he established his reputation at St. Paul's, Onslow Square. He was born in 1804, a grandson of Sir Capel Molyneux, the third baronet ; so a very distant relative of Lord Sefton. ABSENS.

This is probably the Rev. Capel Molyneux, B.A., who conducted a proprietary chapel, now Holy Trinity Parish Church, in Wool- wich, from 1834 to 1850, and who became afterwards distinguished as a preacher at the West-End of London (see Vincent's 1 Records of Woolwich,' vol. i. p. 172).


"G.R." (9 th S. ix. 248). -At the date re- ferred to, 1793, horses in the military service of the Crown, such as troop and battery horses, were often marked with the letters " G.R." and a number, the letters being the initials of George, Rex. Officers' chargers were not marked as these Government horses were. W. S.

COMPULSORY COSTUME FOR JEWS AND CHRISTIANS (9 th S. viii. 521 ; ix. 157). See the chapter headed 'Jewish Memorials in Rome ' in Prof. Lanciani's latest work 'New Tales of Old Rome' for some details as to the distinctive dress worn by the Jews in Rome.


" ALL COOPER'S DUCKS WITH ME " (9 th S ix 127). Since your correspondent W. I. R V describes this curious saying as having been used by a master-butcher, is it not probable that Cooper's clucks" were those kept for Ins patrons by the owner of a ducking- pond which were remorselessly hunted by the butchers' dogs, for duck -hunting was

especially a butchers' pastime? The butchers of Shepnerd's Market, for instance, were notorious for their indulgence in this cruel sport, an amusement of absorbing interest to the brutal instincts of those whose pleasures were found in this and similar diversions. The proverbial ferocity of this canine breed is indicated in the saying "As surly as a butcher's dog." J. HOLDEN MACMICHAEL.

THE SOURCE OF THE SEVEN AGES (9 th S. ix. 46, 197). Tertullian, 'De Anima,' c. 56 (' Opera, ed. Leopold, pt. iv. p. 243), agrees with Shak- speare in some of the characteristic employ- ments :

"Si hie necesse erit ea tempora impleri, quse fuerant destinata, num et ordinem vitas, quern sortita sunt tempora pariter cum illis hie desti- natum, pariter hie anima decurret, ut et studeat ab infantia pueritifc delegata, et militet ab adolescentia iuventa excitata, et censeat a iuventa senectce pan- derata, et fcenus exprimat, etagrum urgeat, naviget, litiget, nubat, laboret, segritudines obeat, et quse- cunque illam cum temporibus manebant tristia ac Lsta?"


It has been noticed that Shakspeare, when he wrote the lines in ' King Lear ' which I quoted, seems to have had a passage from Holland's ' Pliny ' in his mind. Perhaps I ought to have mentioned this.


PETER PETT (3 rd S. x. 127 ; 9 fch S. ix. 195). The lines MR. THORNTON quotes occur in Marvell's 'Instructions to a Painter about the Dutch Wars, 1667.' The quotation breaks off in the middle of a sentence. C. C. B.

" BRISTOL LOOK" (9 th S. ix. 148). The above apparently refers to the well-known Bristol cardboard. Changing from object to sub- ject, we have "stiff," or "starchy," which explains the phrase. Un bristol is in Parisian argot a gentleman's visiting card.

H. P. L.


A New English Dictionary. Edited by Dr. James A. H. Murray. LeimrenessLief. vol. VI. By Henry Bradley, Hon. M.A. (Oxford, Clarendon Press.)

THE third part of vol. vi. of the great 'English Dictionary ' of Dr. J. A. H. Murray and his assist- ants and collaborators has now seen the light under Mr. Bradley's direction, and an instalment of vol. vii., dealing with the letter O, by Dr. Murray, may be before long anticipated. As a new editor has been added in the person of Mr. Craigie, who takes charge of vol. viii., and as the tenth volume will complete the work, the progress that is being made is sufficiently encouraging, and students who can no longer think themselves young may still