NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. APRIL 19, 1902.
the arms of the members of the House oi Lords." I considered that this assertion implied that there were illegitimate male representatives of James II. in the Upper House, just as there are illegitimate male representatives of Charles II. in the persons of the Dukes of Richmond, Grafton, and St. Albans, and I used the word " descend- ants " in that sense. The Earl of Waldegrave does not carry any mark of illegitimacy on his escutcheon, and the ** old Princess Buck- ingham " died childless in the usual significa- tion of that word. But I fully admit that the language I used was open to miscon- ception. W. F. PRIDEAUX.
I question if you can have a bar singular in blazonry at all. You can have bars and barry and barwise, but the moment you use a bar by itself you change its name. Put it across the shield diagonally, and you have a bend or bend sinister. Put it per- pendicular, and you find a pale. Place it at the top of the shield, and it becomes a chief ; in the centre, and you have a fesse ; at the bottom of the escutcheon, and there is a base. I write under correction, but I cannot re- member any example of a bar called a bar standing alone. What is called the bar sinister is a bend or bendlet or ribbon, as a mark of illegitimacy, in modern blazons superseded by a border wavy in England and a border compony in Scotland.
GEORGE ANGUS. bt. Andrews, N.B.
The mural monument of Henrietta, wife of Henry Waldegrave, Baron Waldegrave of C/hewton, illegitimate daughter of James II. by Arabella Churchill, and sister of James litzJames, Duke of Berwick, may yet be seen in the chancel of the retired church of Navestock, co. Essex. Underneath the in- scription are the arms of Waldegrave Per pale, are. and gules ; impaling the royal arms of England ensigned by a baton sinister debruised In those days, and subsequently, the brevet title of "Mrs." was often given to unmarried ladies. From her are descended the Earls Waldegrave whose remains repose church ad -> omin S th e chancel of the
is the more correct heraldic term,
cause, then, that he seemed so absent and
confused, while I explained to him the reason of the bend of bastardy upon the shield yonder on the corner turret" (chap. xiii.). And again in the same novel (Oldbuck loquitur) : " Very true, Sir Arthur ; and here is the baton sinister, the mark of illegitimacy, extended diagonally through both coats upon the shield. Where can our eyes have been, that they did not see this curious monument before ? " (chap, xxiv.)
JOHN PicKFORDj M.A. Newbourne Rectory, Woodbridge.
PONTEFRACT-ON-THAMES (9 th S. IX. 121).
It may be of service to add the following to the references given by COL. PRIDEAUX to this place : Archceologia, xxxvi. 248 ; * Three Fifteenth-Century Chronicles ' (Camden Soc.), xvi. I have not either of the volumes at hand, so cannot tell whether they will throw light on the whereabouts of this place.
There is a fair account of John Abel, custos of the queen's lands, <fec., 1301-2, in Foss's 1 Judges.' It does not seem probable that any real "broken bridge" in Stepney Marsh could become historical ; it is rather to be supposed that the name of the manor, as Pontefreit, was imported ; there was a family named Pomfret in Essex. ABSENS.
ARMS OF LE NEVE FOSTER (9 th S. ix. 169). Argent, on a cross sable five fleur-de-lis of the field ; a white lily, seeded gold, stalked and leaved vert, are the arms and crest of Le Neve of Ringland, co. Norfolk, and Neave of Dagnam Park, co. Essex, baronet. The motto is "Sola proba quse honesta."
POST-FINE (9 th S. ix. 208). In the 'Law- French Dictionary,' second edition, 1718, is the following :
" Post-fine, Is a Duty belonging to the King for a fine formerly acknowledged before him in his Court, which is paid by the Cognizee after the Fine is fully passed, and all things touching the same wholly accomplished. The Rate thereof is so much, and lialf so much, as was paid to the King for the Fine, and is gathered by the Sheriff of the County where the Land, &c., lyeth, whereof the Fine was Levyed to be answered by him into the Exchequer."
E. E. STREET.
Pd the 22 th of January  to M r Trapps for a post fine for the house
bought of Micha : Davy . x 8 .
Pd M r Trapps for his paines . j 8 . vj d
The above entry is copied from the church- wardens' accounts of Wandsworth for 1627-8. < rom the time of Edward VI. quit/rent had been paid to the reigning sovereign for a