9* s. ix. MAY 3, 1902.] NOTES AND QUERIES.
LONDON, SATURDAY, MAYS, 190*.
CONTENTS. -No. 227.
NOTES : Richard Haines, 341 Staffordshire Sheriffs, 1*99-1 730 Shakeapearlana, 342 Becket and the Cathedral Church of SigQenza, 344 ' Rubber " Epitaph on an Attornev Hor, Crescent Buns Origin of Sweeny Tndd 345 Reynolds'* 'Mrs Ca nac'- Mallet used by 'Wren Jewish May Meetings-Alleged Eclipse at Queen Anne's Death. 34*.
QUER IKS: Stripes on Sailors' Collars Napoleon's First Marriage Dickensiana King and Peyton Duel St. Omer Convent Strohli tig, a Singer 'The Carrion Crow'-Davis's Diving Engine Richard Smith's Lihrary Ingiis MSS. at Oxford Curious Word-Coinages, 347- Ol<1 Spoonn Church Furniture Index-making" Away with " Houndsditch P. fillers Coronation Item Westerham Quakers, 348 Golf Spelling Reform The Cross Prostrate Brightwalton, 349.
REPLIES : Minas and Empecinados, 349- Gordon Riots, 350 Crape let Bibliography "L premier pas" Cle- hume : Bowes : Ward First British Subject born in New South Wales Warlow Family St. Paul and Seneca, 3M Salt Folk-lore Brown Fam'ily Bore and other Slang- Metrical Sermons Antwerp "Cathedral " Romans des Douze Pairs" Fashion in Languflge, 352 "Buff Week" Satirical Pnnts Ll?n Coblyniu : Knockers' Llyn Queen Candace, 353 -Chapman Family Georges I.-IV. Portraits of Joanna BaiUie Mrs. Siddons in Upper Baker Street 354 " Barracked " American Words, 355 "Flittings" Stone Pulpit Hawson Oak and Greek Cross, 356 " Olive " : " Olivaceous " Crossing Knives and Fork* Star-lore, 357 " Ratlings " ' ' Prospici mus modo." 358.
NOTES ON BOOKS: Fletcher's 'English Book Col- lectors 'Hurry's ' Reading Abbey ' Campagnac's ' Cam- bridge Platonists' Addis's 'Scottish Cathedrals and Abbeys ' Noble's 'History of Bampton ' ' Le Verbe Basque.'
Notices to Correspondents.
As the ' Dictionary of National Biography ' has not found room for the above-named Sussex worthy, who does not deserve to be entirely forgotten, and as corrections and additions to that useful work are admitted into your columns, may I crave room to record in them the main facts of his life 1 ?
Richard Haines was born at Sullington, Sussex, of yeoman stock, in 1633, his father being Gregory Haine (or Heine, later Heines) and his mother Elizabeth Pollard (probably nte Bennett). In 1656 he built a farmhouse, which is still standing, called West Wantley, near Sullington. In the same year he appears to have joined the Baptists, being a member of a congregation over which the well-known Matthew Caffyn, of South water, near Horsham, presided as minister or "apostle." Some time subsequently Richard Haines went on a visit to the Netherlands, where he was much impressed by the Dutch administration of their poor laws in their Spin Houses and Rasp Houses (also described by John Evelyn), in which criminals and paupers were boarded and obliged to work for the benefit of the State. Later on, as we
shall see, he tried to introduce similar institu- tions into England.
In 1673 Richard Haines, who was a farmer by occupation, lookout a patent for cleansing the seed of nonsuch, a sort of yellow clover. Matthew Caffyn, who appears to have been jealous of the influence enjoyed by his fellow Baptist among " Great Persons " 'as he calls them), took occasion to quarrel with him about this patent as a worldly, self- seeking thing, and excommunicated him. Richard Haines then wrote an apologia, called 'New Lords, New Laws,' in 1674, of which only one copy exists, and that is in the Bodleian. Caffyn answered with a tract called ' Envy's Bitterness ' (also a single copy in the Bodleian). Haines replied in 1675 with a pamphletcalled 'A Protestation against Usurpation, 1 of which I have been unable to discover a single copy, and which I would give a great deal to see. To this Caffyn replied with 'A Raging Wave foaming out its own Shame ' (one copy in the Bodleian). Haines appealed from one Baptist council to another, carrying his case on for eight years, till he forced Caffyn to cancel the excommunication. The line he took was that Caffyn was infringing the prerogative of the king by excommunicating a loyal subject only because he had done what any citizen had a right to do.
His other books were as follows : * The Prevention of Poverty,' 1674 ; * Proposals for building in every County a Working Alms- house or Hospital,' 1677 ; * Provision for the Poor,' 1678; 'A Model of Government,' 1678 (a single copy in the British Museum) ; *A Method of Government for Public Working Alrnshouses,' 1679; 'ABreviat of Proposals for restoring the Woollen Manufacture ' (one copy in the British Museum), 1679 ; 'England's Weal and Prosperity Proposed, 1 1681. The first of these was apparently written before the visit to the Netherlands. Haines wished to deal with the pauper question and the question of England's trade in one scheme, especially in connexion with the linen and woollen trades.
His schemes obtained much support, and were favoured by the king, who granted him a personal audience. A Bill was brought into Parliament, and would certainly have
Csed but for untoward circumstances, ed chiefly on the political state of the kingdom. The whole scheme was well devised and q.uite feasible, and, had it passed, would have had far-reaching effects.
Richard Haines then went back to his farming and wrote his last book, ' Aphorisms upon making Cyder Royal,' 1684, with supple-