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NOTES AND QUERIES. B>* s. ix. MAY 3, 1902.


been used instead of " retirement " ^n a number of Black and White for June, 1895 (the date of the particular number I have lost). The writer apparently thought that if " retire" was the equivalent of " withdraw," the proper correspondent to "withdrawal" was "retiral." But then one is of Latin- French and the other of Saxon origin.

(2) Cavilists. This word is used instead of cavillers in a book called "Ceylon and the Cingalese, by H. C. Sirr, M.A., late Deputy Queen's Advocate of the Northern Circuit," published in 1850 The graduate and learned author says : " Cavilists have recently en- deavoured," &c. But where did he find this word 1 or has Dr. Murray found it?

J. P. LEWIS

[Dr. Murray has not found cavillixt. Retiral is not yet reached by the ' H.E.D.,' but is in Annan- dale's four-volume Ogilvie, published 1882.]

OLD SPOONS. Can any of your readers give me information as to the mark on some old silver (1) spoons in my possession, which belonged to an ancestor living in 1770? They are stamped with "J. S.," and on the tea- spoons there is a double impression of what appears to be a bell. This is rather worn, but is of a rounded triangular form. On the gravy spoon it is repeated three times. LOUISA WALL ACE -JAMES.

Haddington, N.B.

CHURCH FURNITURE. An explanation is desired of the words indicated below, occurring in an inventory of St. Peter's Church, Barnstaple, dated 1564 (from a press cutting) :

"Itm. a chis apel [chasuble] and a tynold to the same."

" Itm. iiii prosynalles, iii manuettes," &c.

"Itm. a nomellet set forthe by the bishop of London [? homily]."

" Itm. a legen booke, an old aulter cloth of bokram in pains [?]."

" Itm. a per of postefes, an oil vat of coppar."

H. P. L.

INDEX-MAKING. What are the books (in English) that are most desirable to be in- dexed ? Some years ago the Index Society put out a list which included Hacket's * Life of Archbishop Williams ' (folio, 1693). I have done that work and several others, and am now ready for another. I find index-making a very pleasant occupation for

A MAN OF LEISURE

"AwAY WITH." Mr. George Meredith, usually so carefully observant of fine dis- tinctions, whether in language or in thought, seems to have slipped for once in his use of the phrase "away with" in 'Diana of the


Cross ways,' chap. i. In recounting some of the wise and witty sayings of his heroine the author tells us, " But she would have us away with sentimentalism." The context shows plainly enough that the meaning is, she would have us put it away or have nothing to do with it. Can " away with " in this sense be properly used in any other mood than the imperative? The now nearly obso- lete signification of " tolerate," " put up with," is familiar from its use in the Bible and Shakespeare. "She never could away with me," says Justice Shallow, and Falstaff re- joins, "Never, never; she would always say she could not abide Master Shallow " ('2 Henry IV.,' III. ii.).

R. BRUCE BOSWELL.

HOUNDSDITCH. Anthony Munday, in his additions to Stow ('Survey of London'), speaks very indignantly of the usurers, " a base kind of vermin," who then inhabited Houndsditch. Again, in Lupton's ' London and the Country Carbonadoed' (1632), and in one of the satires in 'The Letting of Humour's Blood in the Head-Veine' (1611), the extortions practised by the brokers are denounced. None of these authorities gives any indica- tion of the nationality or religion of these moneylenders, but the inference is obvious. Can any reader confirm this? It is common knowledge that the street has retained this characteristic as a mart of brokers, " sellers of olde apparell and such like," from the early sixteenth century until the present day with- out interruption. ALECK ABRAHAMS.

39, Hillmarton Road, N.

PETER ELLERS was admitted to West- minster School in 1771. Any information concerning him is wanted. G. F. R. B.

CORONATION ITEM : PRINTERS WANTED. A friend has shown me a coloured print of a coronation thus headed :

"A Perspective of Westminster Abbey from the High Altar to the West End, shewing the manner of His Majestie's Crowning. Also the manner of dis- posing, seating and placing several of the Persons who came in the Proceeding, &c. Exactly taken from Sandford. Printed for Bowles & Carver and R. Wilkinson." No date attached.

Can any one inform me when these printers flourished? A. M. D.

WESTERHAM QUAKERS. In the High Street at Westerham is, I believe, a chapel of the Open Brethren, and adjoining it are some cottages reached by six steps. I should be glad to know if, as I have been informed, these cottages stand on the site of a meeting-house of the Quakers, who were once numerous in