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NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th P. ix. MAY 3, 1902.

account, such as has frequently been given df Eng lish ecclesiastical edifices, is accessible in the cas of the Scottish buildings, many of which are no les rich in historical and romantic associations. Ii the case of the Border counties the buildings bes known to English travellers Melrpse, Dryburgh &c. are in ruins, not, as is sometimes supposed through the iconoclastic zeal of Knox anc his followers, but through the destruction wrought by English invaders. Further north however, and in the western islands buildings of great beauty and historic interest are stil found. It has been reserved for an American news paper, the Public Ledger of Philadelphia., to star a series of papers, which have been expanded int< what claims to be the first popular work dealing on a comprehensive scale with the Scottish abbeys and cathedrals. lona, spoken of at times as " the cradle of Western Christianity," is one of the most interesting ecclesiastical ruins of the United King dom, and one also of the richest in historic associa tions. The fine old cathedral of St. Mungo or St. Kentigern in Glasgow, an early English build ing of great architectural value, comes foremost in importance, and was saved from destruction by th devotion of Glasgow citizens. One of two excellen views of this constitutes the frontispiece to the volume. Of Brechin Cathedral and Round Tower St. Machar's Cathedral, Aberdeen ; Dunblane anc Dunkeld ; St. Giles's, Edinburgh, more interesting for its monument to Montrose, modern as this is, than its architecture ; Kirkwall ; Dunfermline Abbey, unique in historical associations ; and Pais ley Abbey one or more designs are given. Mr. Addis shows no lack of enthusiasm, and his book, which is obviously a labour of love, will appeal to a large number of readers.

History of the Parish of Bampton. By Mary E.

Noble. (Kendal, Wilson.)

A RESIDENT in the parish of Bampton, in West- moreland, with which her family has long been con- nected, Mrs. (?) Mary Noble, to whom is owing the publication of the Bampton registers, has under- taken and accomplished a history of the place, the materials of which are chiefly derived from her pre- vious work. To the traveller for pleasure the valley through which runs the Lowther, though it contains Hawes Water, the highest lake in the district, and has some lovely views, is comparatively little known. Of its close on 11,000 acres, some 8,000 are moorland and 233 are rocks. Bampton is noted for the variety and richness of its flora, which, owing to its remote position, has suffered little from the ravages of female collectors of plants and ferns. Like other places in the neighbourhood, it supplies slate of good quality, which has occasion- ally been worked. For a description of these and other possessions we must refer the reader to the book. Early British remains are found at Burn- banks, Whinyates, and elsewhere, the best known being what are called " The Giants' Graves. " Such explorations as have been undertaken have not been very remunerative. To residents in the dis- trict the book will appeal. Its literary pretensions are not high, and its index is, according to modern views, inadequate.

Le Verbe Basque. (Oxford, Parker & Co.) THE author of this brochure, whose name is not on the title-page, but who, we discover incident- ally, is Mr. E. S. Dodgson, has set himself the task

of making " a synopsis, analytical and quotational, of the 130 forms of the Baskish verb in the Epistle to the Philippians, as found in Leicarraga's New Testament, A.D. 1571," and the same of the 119 forms in the Epistle to the Colossians. We infer that this is a portion of a larger work of a gram- matical nature, but as the writer does not inform us here of the object he has in view we are unable to say how far he has succeeded in attaining it.

The Babylonian Conception of Heaven and Hdl.

By Alfred Jeremias, Ph.D. (Nutt.) THIS, the fourth issue of Mr Nutt's popular, but thoroughly trustworthy, " Ancient East " series, has appeared with commendable promptitude, and is in no way less interesting than its predecessors. Dr. Jeremias's 'Babylonian-Assyrian Conception of Life after Death ' has long been a standard book in Germany on this department of eschatology, and the present little volume, which is beautifully printed on good paper, gives us the pith of his larger work. What makes it particularly inter- esting is that the ideas of the Babylonians on Hades and the life to come were shared to a great extent by the Hebrews, either through borrowing or, more probably, by common inheritance from a primitive Semitic stock. Even some of our own popular customs seem to be traceable to the same remote original e.</., the refusal of the usual rites of burial to one who had committed suicide (p. 15). We can reiterate our strong recommendation of this excellent series to all Bible students, and to the many who are interested in the fascinating sciences of comparative religion and folk-lore. Miss Hutchi- son, the translator, has done her part well.

We must call special attention to the following notices :

ON all communications must be written the name ind address of the sender, not necessarily for pub- ication, but as a guarantee of good faith. WE cannot undertake to answer queries privately. To secure insertion of communications corre- spondents must observe the following rules. Let each note, query, or reply be written on a separate -lip of paper, with the signature of the writer and uch address as he wishes to appear. When answer- ng queries, or making notes with regard to previous ntries in the paper, contributors are requested to >ut in parentheses, immediately after the exact leading, the series, volume, and page or pages to which they refer. Correspondents who repeat queries are requested to head the second com- munication " Duplicate."

ALEX. PARK ('"Twixt the devil and the deep ea").-Used in 1637 and 1697. See 7 th S. i. 453. See also ' H.E.D.' under ' Devil,' 22 b.


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