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374


NOTES AND QUERIES. [9 th s. ix. MAY 10, 1902.


far greater strategist. Why his torpor 'allow- ing that he was torpid, should have caused him to make disjointed attacks with infantry and cavalry separately, and fight the battle generally in a blundering fashion, I cannot for my part see. Napoleon had shown no torpor in his escape from Elba and the one hundred days of preparation. It is true he did not follow up the Prussians at Ligny, and showed little of his old activity then; but it must be remembered that his troops had been severely mauled in the encounter, and, having driven off the Prussians, he hoped to crush the British.

I should much like an expert medical opinion as to how long before its fatal ter- mination cancer in the stomach can show sensible effects upon a man's vital powers. The great Roman Emperor Marcus Aurelius, who, I believe, died of this complaint, con- ducted a series of severe campaigns against the fierce tribes of Central Europe with con- spicuous success till he died in camp. It appears to me that Napoleon as a commander and statesman comes below, instead of above, Caesar and Alexander, and morally he is infinitely lower. REGINALD HAINES.

Uppingham.

WINDOW GLASS (9 th S. ix. 87, 150, 213, 271). An affirmative answer to j^our corre- spondent's question as to the use of window glass by the Romans is given in the third edition of Smith's ' Dictionary of Greek and Roman Antiquities,' vol. i. p. 68fi, col. 2 (s.v. domus), and vol. ii. p. 974, col. 2 (s.v. vitrum), where it is stated that "a few specimens of window glass may be seen in the glass collec- tion of the British Museum."

EDWARD BENSLY.

The University, Adelaide, South Australia.

"HAKATIST" (9 th S. ix. 145). This is not an adjective, but a substantive, denoting a member of the league called "Verein zur Forderung des Deutsch turns in den Ost- marken," founded by the three gentlemen Von Hansemann (not Hannemann), Von Kennemann (not Kinnemann), Von Tiede- mann (not Tidemann). The accent is on the last syllable. G. KRUEGER.

Berlin.

IN PRAISE OF BURNS (9 th S. ix. 185). There are several errors in MR. J. GRIGOR'S note on the above. First of all I may say that the author of the verses is the late John Nichol- son, the "Airedale poet," whose life and full bibliography will be found in my ' Poets of Keighley, Bingley, and District.' Nicholson was born at Weardley, near Hare wood, on 27 November, 1790, and lost his life by


drowning in the River Aire on Good Friday, 13 April, 1843. It is quite an easy matter to confound Airdrie with Airedale. I give the whole and correct version of Nicholson's tributary lines to Burns, taken from Dear- den's edition of his life and poems published in 1859 :

LINES.

Spoken at the anniversary meeting at Leeds, to celebrate the birthday of Burns, 1826. Learning has many a rhymer made,

To flatter near the throne, But Scotia's genius has display' d A poet of her own.

His lyre he took to vale and glen,

To mountain and the shade ; Ages may pass away, but when

Will such a harp be play'd ?

His native strains each bard may try,

But who has got his fire ? Why, none for Nature saw him die,

Then took away his lyre.

And for that lyre the learned youth May search the world in vain :

She vow'd she ne'er would lend it more To sound on earth again ;

But call'd on Fame to hang it by

She took it with a tear, Broke all the strings to bind the wreath

That Burns shall ever wear.

CHAS. F. FORSHAW, LL.D.

48, Hanover Square, Bradford.

EULOGIES OF THE BIBLE BY HUXLEY AND DARWIN (9 th S. ix. 328). A eulogy by Huxley will be found in 'Critiques and Addresses' (1873), article ' The School Boards,' first pub- lished in the Contemporary Review, 1870. Dr. John Murdoch's booklet, 'Testimonies of Great Men to the Bible and Christianity,' contains a number of similar eulogies by scientists and others ; but no expression of opinion by Darwin is included.

H. JOHNSON.

LECTERN IN DURHAM CATHEDRAL (9 th S. viii. 483 ; ix. 135). At the risk of being pedantic I may remark that one statement given at the last reference is not strictly correct. The coat of Bishop Fox, of Win- chester, is Azure, a pelican or, vulning herself proper ; and not a pelican in her piety. The latter description implies that the bird is in her nest, surrounded by her young ; but she is represented as indicated above upon the Corpus Christi College arms at Oxford, and also at other places associated with Fox, as Taunton, Durham, Winchester, Grantham, and Netley. The Corpus coat (like those of the Lincoln foundations of Lincoln College and B.N.C.) is tierced in pale, the central division being occupied by an escutcheon of the arms of the see of Winchester, the dexter