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9" 8. IX. MAY 17, 1902.) NOTES AND QUERIES.


of Arundel,' by J. Pym Yeatman) that William, the first duke, had also a daughter Elizabeth, who married Henry, Lord Morley. Is anything known of this daughter and of her descendants ? RONALD DIXON.

" AVOID EXTREMES," &c. Can any one tell me the author of the following lines ? Avoid extremes ; and shun the fault of such, Who still are pleased too little or too much ; At every trifle scorn to take offence. That always shows great pride, or little sense.


[These lines, slightly altered by us, are in Pope's ' Essay on Criticism,' part ii.]

TEDULA, A BIRD. In Spenser's ' Visions of the World's Vanitie,' stanza iii., occur the lines :

I saw a little Bird cal'd Tedula, The least of thousands which on earth abide, &c.

It is the common story of the crocodile's teeth being picked by small birds. As to the word, I can only find in my Latin dictionary tcedulus = squeamish, fastidious; but that does not appear to throw any light on its origin. H. P. L.

[Tedula in Ducange is given as a diminutive of t(da (teda), a torch, but this does not seem to help.]

" THE FIRST WAR." Amongst the Royalist Composition Papers in the Public Record Office the expression "the first war" fre- quently occurs. Thus it is stated of one (Shropshire Royalist in 1649: "His delin- quency that he was in armes against the parliament in the first warr. " In his petition he states u that your peticoner was in armes against the Parliament in the former warr." Which was considered to be "the First (or Former) War," and when did it end 1

W. G. D. F.

[From Edgehill, 1642, to the surrender of Charles's army in Cornwall, March, 1646. See S. R. Gar- diner's ' Student's History.']

JOHN DOVE, THE REGICIDE He was alder- man and M.P. for Salisbury in the Long Parliament. What was his parentage? Robert Dove, son of Henry Dove, of Salis- burymatriculated at Magdalen Hall, Oxon, in 1623, aged seventeen, and afterwards rector of Elme, co. Cambridge is stated to have had a brother John (Foster, 'Alumni Oxon.'). W. D. PINK.

FRANCIS SPIERA'S DESPAIR. Sir Simonds D'Ewes, in the ' Autobiography ' printed by Halliwell (i. 283), writes of "Francis Spiera's despair, so much enfamoused by the pens of many learned men." I should be glad to know who this Francis Spiera was, and what authors have written of him. L. B. C.

CLIFFORD'S INN. (9 th S. ix. 244.)

REFERRING to N. S. S.'s note under the above heading, may I be allowed to supple- ment the same with the following ]

The late Alexander Pulling, serjeant-at-law whose acquaintance, by the way, I had the privilege and honour to make at {Swansea in the early eighties in his erudite and valuable work entitled ' The Order of the Coif ' (Lon- don, Wm. Clowes & Sons, 1884), in treating of the early history of the Inns of Court, amongst other things, states :

" The possession of most of the smaller hostels or Inns seems to have been originally acquired by the apprentices of the law in somewhat the same way as Thavies Inn, viz. by mere hiring from the actual owners : this temporary possession being in after- times made permanent by lease or purchase. Thus Clifford's Inn was so acquired in the time of Edward III., Furnival's ttmp. Henry IV.,"

and so on, naming the rest of the Inns of Court, and in a foot-note appended :

" Thus Clifford's Inn was in 1309 Crown Property, and granted by Edward II., at a rent service of one penny, to Robert de Clifford, whose widow, Isabel! Lady de Clifford, in 1345 demised it Apprenticiis de Banco at a yearly rent of 101., which Lease was from time to time renewed. It was sold to Nicholas Sulyard for 60W., and 4/. per annum Dugdale, 'Orig.,' 187."

And afterwards, in treating of the law affecting the Inns of Court, the learned serjeant says :

" Whilst almost every other collegiate institution in this country is regulated by prescribed legal pro- visions, express statute, or governing charters, the Inns of Court, founded on and fostered by no royal bounty or state concession, have lived for so many centuries, honourable and learned Societies, the only recognised guardians of the honour and in- dependence of the English Bar, practically exempted from the orders, jurisdiction, or interference of the Courts, and allowed to constitute, on all occasions of dissension or irregularity, a sort of domestic forum, whose conduct has in almost every known case been fully acquiesced in as lawful and right. The decisions of the Courts at Westminster with reference to the Inns of Court have always been based on the presumption that such institutions are in a legal sense voluntary societies, over which the ordinary tribunals have no jurisdiction, as in the case of corporations or colleges. This remark- able feature in the constitution of the Inns of Court is no doubt to a great extent anomalous, and if it has rarely produced the usual evils of anomalous institutions, it is only fair to attribute this happy escape to the prudent conduct of these honourable and learned societies in the management of their affairs, and the maintenance of government and discipline. Sir William Dugdale has carefully compiled from various sources full information as to orders and regulations in any way relating to