Page:Philosophical Transactions - Volume 095.djvu/53

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of ascertaining the Magnitude of small celestial Bodies.

also ζ Ursæ majoris and other stars equally round, and as well defined.


(1.) As these diameters are undoubtedly spurious, it follows that, with the stars, the spurious diameters are larger than the real ones, which are too small to be seen.

Sept. 9, 1779. The two stars of ε Bootis are of unequal diameters; one of them being about three times as large as the other.

(2.) From this and many estimations of the spurious diameters of the stars[1] it follows, not only that they are of different sizes, but also that under the same circumstances, their dimensions are of a permanent nature.

August 25, 1780. The large star of γ Andromedæ is of a very fine reddish colour, and the small one blue.

(3.) By this and many other observations it appears, that the spurious diameters of the stars are differently coloured, and that these colours are permanent when circumstances are the same.

Nov. 23, 1779. I viewed α Geminorum with a power of 449, and saw the two stars in the utmost perfection. The vacancy between them was about 11/2 diameter of the largest. I found when I looked with a lower power, that the proportion between the distance and magnitude of the stars underwent an alteration. With 222, the vacancy was 11/4 diameter, and with 112, it was no more than 1 diameter of the smallest of the two stars, or less.

( 4.) By many observations, a number of instances of which

  1. See Catalogues of double Stars. Phil. Trans. for 1782, p. 115; and for 1785, page 40.