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of the Free Religious Association. Boston: 1878. Pp. 90. 40 cents.

Report of the New Jersey State Commission on a Plan for the Encouragement of Manufactures of Ornamental and Textile Fabrics. Trenton: Naar, Day & Naar print. 1878. Pp. 90.

Proportional Representation. By John H. Ward. Louisville: Courier-Journal, printers. 1878. Pp. 26.

Native Flowers and Ferns of the United States "By Thomas Meehan. Boston: Prang & Co. Parts 6, 7 and 8. 1878. 50 cents each.

Some Common Errors respecting the North American Indians. By Garrick Mallory. Philadelphia: Collins print, 705 Jayne Street. 1878. Pp. 6.

Former and Present Number of our Indians. By Garrick Mallory. Reprint from Proceedings of Nashville Meeting of the American Association for the Advancement of Science, August, 1877. Pp. 27.

Researches into the Early History of Mankind and the Development of Civilization. By Edward B. Tylor, D.C.L., LL.D., F.R.S. New York: Henry Holt & Co. 1878. Pp. 388. $3.50.

The Palmetto Literary Compendium. Vol. I., No. I. (August, 1878). Lexington, S. C.: Daley & Harmon. Monthly. Pp. 36. $2 per year.

Report of Committee to collect Information relative to the Meteor of December 24, 1873. Read April 7, 1877. Bulletin of the Philosophical Society of Washington. Pp. 21, with Map.

Address on Man's Age in the World. By James C. Southall, A.M., LL.D., at the Opening of the Lewis Brooks Museum, University of Virginia, June 27, 1878. Pp. 60.

The Unknown God. Lecture by J. W. Stillman. New York: For sale by D. M. Bennett, 141 Eighth Street. Pp. 34.

Erupted Rocks of Colorado, pp. 73, and Catalogue of Minerals found in Colorado, pp. 25. By F. M. Endlich. Washington: Government Printing-Office. 1878.

New Method of detecting Overstrain in Iron and other Metals. By R. H. Thurston. C. E. From Transactions of American Society of Civil Engineers. Pp. 7.

A Conspectus of the Different Forms of Phthisis. By Roswell Park, A.M., M.D. Reprint from Chicago Medical Journal for September 1878. Pp. 19.

Preliminary Studies on the North American Pyrolidæ. I. Illustrated. By A. R. Grote. Washington. 1878. Pp. 36.

How to keep Plump. By T. C. Duncan, M.D. Chicago: Duncan Brothers. 1878. Pp. 60. 50 cents.

The Therapeutic Forces. By Thomas J. Mays, M.D. Philadelphia: Lindsay & Blakiston. 1878. Pp. 143. $1.25.

Annals of the Harvard Astronomical Observatory Vol. IX. Photometric Researches. By C. S. Peirce. Leipsic: W. Engelmann. Pp. 181, with Plates.

Principles of Light and Color. By E. D. Babbitt. New York: Babbitt & Co. Pp. 560, with Colored Plates. $4.

Monthly Record of Scientific Literature. Nos. 51-74. New York: Van Nostrand. 25 cents per year.

Goethe's Faust. Erster Theil. Edited by J. M. Hart. New York: Putnams. Pp. 257. $1.25.

Stricture of the Male Urethra. By Dr. F. N. Otis. Same publishers. Pp. 352. $3

Report of the Chief Signal-Officer (1877). Washington: Government Printing-Office. Pp. 570.

The Commonwealth reconstructed. By Charles C. P. Clark, M.D. New York: A. S. Barnes & Co. 1878. Pp. 216. $1.50.

First Annual Report of the United States Entomological Commission for the Year 1877. Relating to the Rocky Mountain Locust. With Maps and Illustrations. Washington: Government Printing-Office. 1878. Pp. 771.

Lessons in Elementary Chemistry. By H. E. Roscoe, F.R.S. New edition. London and New York: Macmillan & Co. 1878. Pp. 416. $1.50.

Geographical Surveying. By Frank de Yeaux Carpenter, C.E. New York: D. Van Nostrand. 1878. Pp. 176. 50 cents.


Systematic Promotion of Research.—Prof. R. H. Thurston, Vice-President of the American Association, chose as the subject of his address to Section A, "The Science of the Advancement of Science." Having asked, "Why is the advancement of science to-day so apparently difficult and irregular and toilsome?" he attributed this state of things to the lack of systematic encouragement of scientific studies. The right men, he said, in substance, have never been sought out, and trained for this work. Men of science themselves have chosen rather to pursue their own favorite lines of research instead of investigating in the directions which would yield the best results. The endowment of research has not been urged with sufficient persistence. The materials and the apparatus placed in the hands of men of science for the prosecution of their labors have been too incomplete to permit the most effective application of their efforts. For these and other reasons we are not today, as we have not been in the past, prepared to do all that we should in the advancement of science and of the arts. By what practical measures, then, is scientific research to be promoted? The "science of the advancement of science" dictates that we shall seek:

1. To determine what are the most promising and most important directions of exploration in the great universe of the knowable.

2. That we shall endeavor to find young men fitted to become successful observers, discoverers, and philosophers; aid them to gain positions in which their talents may have full scope, and assist to make useful the results of their labor.

3. That we make it a part of our work to obtain for these investigators the means