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POPULAR MISCELLANY.

Gurney, E. H. Reference Handbook of English History. Boston: Ginn & Co. Pp. 114. 85 cents.

Hale, Horatio. British Association Report on North American Ethnology. London. Pp. 97, with Plates.

Howard, George E., University of Nebraska. Development of the Kings Peace and the English Local Peace-Magistracy. Pp. 65.

Howe, H. M. The Metallurgy of Steel. New York: Scientific Publishing Company. Pp. 380. $10.

Hyde, E. W. The Directional Calculus. Boston: Ginn & Co. Pp. 247. $2.15.

Iowa, State University of. Bulletin from the Laboratories of Natural History. Vols. III and IV. Iowa City. Pp. 130, with Plates.

Jones, Hon. John P., United States Senate. Speech on the Free Coinage of Silver. Pp. 116.

Jordan, David Starr. Catalogue of Fishes collected by the United States Fish Commission Steamer Albatross. Washington: Smithsonian Institution.

Jordan, David Starr, and Evermann, B. W. New Species of Fish from Tippecanoe River, Ind. Pp. 4.

Kiddle. Henry. A Text-Book of Physics. New York: William Wood & Co. Pp. 288. $1.

Lesquereux, Leo. Remarks on some Fossil Remains considered as Peculiar Kinds of Marine Plants. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. Pp. 12, with Plate.

Lewis, T. H. Ancient Fireplaces on the Ohio. Pp. 5.

Loti, Pierre. Rarahu. New York: W. S. Gottsberger & Co. Pp. 296.

Lucas, Frederic A. Catalogue of Skeletons of Birds collected by the Steamer Albatross. Washington: Smithsonian Institution. Pp. 4.

McGill University, Montreal. Annual Calendar of the Faculty of Medicine. Pp. 108.

Mackay, A. H., Halifax, N. S. Fresh-water Sponges of Canada and Newfoundland. Pp. 12, with Plates.

Mohr, Charles, Mobile, Ala. The Medicinal Plants of Alabama. Pp. 17.

Moll, Albert. Hypnotism. New York: Scribner & Welford. Pp. 410. $1.25.

Montgomery, D. H. The Leading Facts of American History. Boston: Ginn & Co. Pp. 359 + 1iii. $1.10.

Myerovitch. The Origin of Polar Motion. Chicago: Rosenberg Brothers, Printers. Pp. 32.

Nebraska, University of University Studies. Vol. I, No. 3, July, 1890. Lincoln. Pp. 104.

New Jersey. Annual Report of the State Geologist for 1889. Pp. 112.—Final Report, Vol. II. Mineralogy, Botany, Zoölogy. Pp. 642.

New York Agricultural Experiment Station's Bulletins, Nos. 19 and 20 (New Series). Pp. 40.

North, S. N. Dexter. Bulletin of the National Association of Wool Manufacturers. Quarterly. Pp. 20. 50 cents.

Payne, F. F., Toronto, Ontario. The Eskimo of Cape Prince of Wales, Hudson's Strait. Pp. 3.

Pickard, J. L. School Supervision. New York: D. Appleton & Co. Pp. 175. $1.

Pyat, Felix. The Rag-Picker of Paris. Boston: Benjamin R. Tucker. Pp. 317.

Ridgway, Robert. The Genus Xiphocolaptes of Lesson. P. 1.

Sociedad de Fomente Fabril, Santiago, Chili. Monthly publication. Pp. 48. 40 cents.

Sutton. J. Bland. Evolution and Disease. New York: Scribner & Welford. Pp. 285. $1.25.

Tittmann. O. H. Table for the Reduction of Hydrometer Observations of Salt-Water Densities. Washington: Coast Survey. Pp. 3.

Townsend, George Alfred. Mrs Reynolds and Hamilton. New York: F. Bonaventure. Pp. 276. 50 cents.

Wheeler, Captain George M. Report upon United States Geographical Surveys west of the One Hundredth Meridian. Washington: Government Printing-office. Pp 771, with Maps.

White. Charles A. Mesozoic Fossils from Islands of the Strait of Magellan.

 


POPULAR MISCELLANY.

The Water-Supply of Memphis.—The city of Memphis, Term., now possesses a complete supply of pure water, which forces itself through artesian wells from a depth of about four hundred feet below the surface. The artesian source was discovered in 1887 by Mr. R. C. Graves, of the Ice Company, who, seeking water suitable for the manufacture of ice, made borings to the depth of three hundred and fifty-four feet. There he struck water, which at once rose to the surface and spouted up in a gushing fountain. This source has since been utilized in numerous private wells of hotels and manufacturing establishments and in the public supply of the city. It lies in a stratum of "water-bearing sand," nearly eight hundred feet thick, which is reached after boring through the one hundred and forty-five feet of hard, impervious clay that forms the "bed-rock" of the region, and furnishes a permanent bottom to the Mississippi River. Above this is a stratum of gravel twenty feet thick, topped by the bluff formation of loess that constitutes the surface of the region and gives character to it. These formations extend a considerable distance to the eastward, and there outcrop one after the other—the water-bearing sand, which is sandwiched between the clay already mentioned and another clay below it, being represented by a tract twenty miles across and of indefinite length, which may be seen in Fayette and other counties along its line down into Mississippi. This region, on which is gathered the water that percolates to the wells of Memphis, is, in its general surface, about three hundred feet above high water of the Mississippi. In May, 1889, there were fifty-seven bored wells in Memphis, five of which only reached the water-bearing sand, while the others went down to depths of from three hundred and fifty to four hundred feet and more. They are included within an area three miles long and one mile wide. The average depth of the thirty-two wells through which the water-supply is