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Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 54.djvu/779

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MENTAL DEFECTIVES AND SOCIAL WELFARE.

old garments and the rent would have been widened: his obstinacy would have been aroused, and he would have continued to tear to the end of the chapter.

The imbecile of middle grade receives that fuller presentation of work suited to fuller capacity. Some time is devoted to the three "Rs," as it is found that attention may be aroused and concentrated in the phonetic drills, more especially if associated with pictures, and the drawing of the objects named free-hand; thus eye, ear, and hand

PSM V54 D779 Images of the mentally deficient classified as feebly gifted.jpg
High-grade Imbeciles (Feebly Gifted) at Sloyd Work.

are encouraged to work simultaneously. Those who accomplish finally the reading of short simple stories not only enjoy evenings in, the library, but may be enabled to glean suggestions for the various handicrafts for which they are being trained. This effort at quick observation and original thinking is further carried forward in the ambidextrous movements of free-hand drawing, designing, and sketching from life—finding ready and practical application in the daily use of tools. The value of the rule and the try-square is tested in the manufacture of the various useful articles in both paper and wood included under the head of sloyd, and "a boy can not learn to take a straight shaving off a plank," says Ruskin, "or to drive a fine curve without faltering, or to lay a brick level in the mortar, without learning a multitude of other matters which life of man could never teach him."