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Page:Popular Science Monthly Volume 54.djvu/790

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POPULAR SCIENCE MONTHLY.

4. What proportion of the arable land above measured should you consider suitable to the production of wheat under general conditions such as are given in the text, say, a stable price of one dollar per bushel in London?

Answersquare miles.

5. To what extent, in your judgment, is wheat becoming the cash or surplus crop of a varied system of agriculture as distinct from the methods which prevail in the opening of new lands of cropping with wheat for a term of years?

What further remarks can you add which will enable me to elucidate this case, to complete the article and to convey a true impression of the facts to English readers?

Your assistance in this matter will be gratefully received.
Respectfully submitted,
Edward Atkinson.

To this circular I received twenty-four detailed replies, containing statistics mostly very complete; also many suggestive letters, in every case giving full support to the general views which I had submitted in the proof sheets. It has been impossible for me to give individual credit within the limits of a magazine article to the gentlemen who have so fully supplied the data. Space will only permit me to submit a digest of the more important facts in a table derived from these replies:

Name. from returns made to my inquiry. From United
States report
in wheat,
1897.
Area of State. Arable. Suitable to
wheat.
Minnesota 84,287 66,000 50,000 7,189
South Dakota 76,000 42,500 40,000 4,187
North Dakota 74,312 50,000 50,000 4,300
Illinois 56,000 54,000 20,000 2,292
Missouri 68,000 64,000 64,000 2,448
Wisconsin 56,000 35,000 35,000 961
414,599 311,500 259,000 21,372
Texas 269,694 200,000 100,000 700
California 158,360 54,000 30,000 5,062
Montana 145,310 30,000 25,000 109
Idaho 87,000 30,000 15,000 192
660,364 314,000 170,000 6,063
Total 1,074,963 625,500 429,000 27,435