John Hyde, Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
L. O. Howard, U. S. Department of Agriculture, Washington, D. C.
Prof. William Hallock, Columbia University, New York.
Secretary of the Council.
D. T. McDougal, New York Botanical Gardens.
Secretaries of the Sections.
Mathematics and Astronomy: Prof. H. C. Lord, Ohio State University.
Physics: J. O. Reed, University of Michigan.
Chemistry: Prof. W. McPherson, Ohio State University.
Mechanical Science and Engineering: William H. Jacques, Boston, Mass.
Geology and Geography: Dr. R. A. F. Penrose, Pierce. Ariz.
Zoölogy: Prof. H. B. Ward, University of Nebraska.
Botany: A. S. Hitchcock, Manhattan, Kan.
Anthropology: G. G. McCurdy, Yale University.
Economic Science and Statistics: Miss C. A. Benneson, Cambridge, Mass.
Prof. P. S. Woodward, Columbia University.
The National Educational Association, which held its annual session at Charleston during the week beginning on July 9th, is the leading representative of the many educational associations of the country. Its membership includes the ablest teachers of education in colleges and the most successful school superintendents and teachers. Its meetings give occasion for discussions of matters of educational theory and practice in many ways comparable to the discussions in scientific societies. The program of the present meeting shows that like the scientific associations, the National Educational Association has become differentiated into a number of practically isolated sections with differing interests. There are separate departments of Kindergarten Education, Manual Training, Child Study, Normal Schools, Libraries, etc. The Department of Superintendence now has a special meeting at a different time and place. There are also general sessions, and these have not become mere formal business meetings. The leading topic for discussion this year seems to have been the proposed National University at Washington. The most obviously important service which the Association has rendered to educational endeavor has been its elaboration (through efficient committees) and publication of reports on Secondary Education, Elementary Education, Rural Schools and College Entrance Requirements. These reports represent if not demonstrable facts, at least the well-considered opinion of competent judges and they have had a highly beneficial influence. Dr. J. M. Green, of Newark, will preside over next year's meeting. The decision in regard to the place has been left to the executive committee, the claims of Detroit, Cincinnati and Tacoma having been especially urged.
The opening of a summer school at Columbia University and the attendance at Harvard University of a large proportion of all the school teachers of Cuba are important steps towards increasing the usefulness of our institutions for higher education. The grounds, buildings and equipment of Columbia University have cost in the neighborhood of $10,000,000, and to let these lie idle and rusting for nearly one-third of the year is evidently wasteful. But it is not only a question of the most economical administration of these trust funds that is at issue. The teachers of the country, perhaps 500,000 in number, have had just enough education to profit particularly by attendance at a university. They are engaged at their work during three-fourths of the year, but their summers can be spent in no more pleasant and useful way than by attending a university summer